send-email: accept absolute path even on Windows
[git/dscho.git] / sha1_file.c
blob833f5b9b5820ce60f9fb99f6c9bcdb313ae8fca9
1 /*
2 * GIT - The information manager from hell
4 * Copyright (C) Linus Torvalds, 2005
6 * This handles basic git sha1 object files - packing, unpacking,
7 * creation etc.
8 */
9 #include "cache.h"
10 #include "delta.h"
11 #include "pack.h"
12 #include "blob.h"
13 #include "commit.h"
14 #include "run-command.h"
15 #include "tag.h"
16 #include "tree.h"
17 #include "tree-walk.h"
18 #include "refs.h"
19 #include "pack-revindex.h"
20 #include "sha1-lookup.h"
22 #ifndef O_NOATIME
23 #if defined(__linux__) && (defined(__i386__) || defined(__PPC__))
24 #define O_NOATIME 01000000
25 #else
26 #define O_NOATIME 0
27 #endif
28 #endif
30 #define SZ_FMT PRIuMAX
31 static inline uintmax_t sz_fmt(size_t s) { return s; }
33 const unsigned char null_sha1[20];
36 * This is meant to hold a *small* number of objects that you would
37 * want read_sha1_file() to be able to return, but yet you do not want
38 * to write them into the object store (e.g. a browse-only
39 * application).
41 static struct cached_object {
42 unsigned char sha1[20];
43 enum object_type type;
44 void *buf;
45 unsigned long size;
46 } *cached_objects;
47 static int cached_object_nr, cached_object_alloc;
49 static struct cached_object empty_tree = {
50 EMPTY_TREE_SHA1_BIN_LITERAL,
51 OBJ_TREE,
52 "",
56 static struct cached_object *find_cached_object(const unsigned char *sha1)
58 int i;
59 struct cached_object *co = cached_objects;
61 for (i = 0; i < cached_object_nr; i++, co++) {
62 if (!hashcmp(co->sha1, sha1))
63 return co;
65 if (!hashcmp(sha1, empty_tree.sha1))
66 return &empty_tree;
67 return NULL;
70 int mkdir_in_gitdir(const char *path)
72 if (mkdir(path, 0777)) {
73 int saved_errno = errno;
74 struct stat st;
75 struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;
77 if (errno != EEXIST)
78 return -1;
80 * Are we looking at a path in a symlinked worktree
81 * whose original repository does not yet have it?
82 * e.g. .git/rr-cache pointing at its original
83 * repository in which the user hasn't performed any
84 * conflict resolution yet?
86 if (lstat(path, &st) || !S_ISLNK(st.st_mode) ||
87 strbuf_readlink(&sb, path, st.st_size) ||
88 !is_absolute_path(sb.buf) ||
89 mkdir(sb.buf, 0777)) {
90 strbuf_release(&sb);
91 errno = saved_errno;
92 return -1;
94 strbuf_release(&sb);
96 return adjust_shared_perm(path);
99 int safe_create_leading_directories(char *path)
101 char *pos = path + offset_1st_component(path);
102 struct stat st;
104 while (pos) {
105 pos = strchr(pos, '/');
106 if (!pos)
107 break;
108 while (*++pos == '/')
110 if (!*pos)
111 break;
112 *--pos = '\0';
113 if (!stat(path, &st)) {
114 /* path exists */
115 if (!S_ISDIR(st.st_mode)) {
116 *pos = '/';
117 return -3;
120 else if (mkdir(path, 0777)) {
121 *pos = '/';
122 return -1;
124 else if (adjust_shared_perm(path)) {
125 *pos = '/';
126 return -2;
128 *pos++ = '/';
130 return 0;
133 int safe_create_leading_directories_const(const char *path)
135 /* path points to cache entries, so xstrdup before messing with it */
136 char *buf = xstrdup(path);
137 int result = safe_create_leading_directories(buf);
138 free(buf);
139 return result;
142 static void fill_sha1_path(char *pathbuf, const unsigned char *sha1)
144 int i;
145 for (i = 0; i < 20; i++) {
146 static char hex[] = "0123456789abcdef";
147 unsigned int val = sha1[i];
148 char *pos = pathbuf + i*2 + (i > 0);
149 *pos++ = hex[val >> 4];
150 *pos = hex[val & 0xf];
155 * NOTE! This returns a statically allocated buffer, so you have to be
156 * careful about using it. Do an "xstrdup()" if you need to save the
157 * filename.
159 * Also note that this returns the location for creating. Reading
160 * SHA1 file can happen from any alternate directory listed in the
161 * DB_ENVIRONMENT environment variable if it is not found in
162 * the primary object database.
164 char *sha1_file_name(const unsigned char *sha1)
166 static char buf[PATH_MAX];
167 const char *objdir;
168 int len;
170 objdir = get_object_directory();
171 len = strlen(objdir);
173 /* '/' + sha1(2) + '/' + sha1(38) + '\0' */
174 if (len + 43 > PATH_MAX)
175 die("insanely long object directory %s", objdir);
176 memcpy(buf, objdir, len);
177 buf[len] = '/';
178 buf[len+3] = '/';
179 buf[len+42] = '\0';
180 fill_sha1_path(buf + len + 1, sha1);
181 return buf;
184 static char *sha1_get_pack_name(const unsigned char *sha1,
185 char **name, char **base, const char *which)
187 static const char hex[] = "0123456789abcdef";
188 char *buf;
189 int i;
191 if (!*base) {
192 const char *sha1_file_directory = get_object_directory();
193 int len = strlen(sha1_file_directory);
194 *base = xmalloc(len + 60);
195 sprintf(*base, "%s/pack/pack-1234567890123456789012345678901234567890.%s",
196 sha1_file_directory, which);
197 *name = *base + len + 11;
200 buf = *name;
202 for (i = 0; i < 20; i++) {
203 unsigned int val = *sha1++;
204 *buf++ = hex[val >> 4];
205 *buf++ = hex[val & 0xf];
208 return *base;
211 char *sha1_pack_name(const unsigned char *sha1)
213 static char *name, *base;
215 return sha1_get_pack_name(sha1, &name, &base, "pack");
218 char *sha1_pack_index_name(const unsigned char *sha1)
220 static char *name, *base;
222 return sha1_get_pack_name(sha1, &name, &base, "idx");
225 struct alternate_object_database *alt_odb_list;
226 static struct alternate_object_database **alt_odb_tail;
228 static void read_info_alternates(const char * alternates, int depth);
229 static int git_open_noatime(const char *name);
232 * Prepare alternate object database registry.
234 * The variable alt_odb_list points at the list of struct
235 * alternate_object_database. The elements on this list come from
236 * non-empty elements from colon separated ALTERNATE_DB_ENVIRONMENT
237 * environment variable, and $GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY/info/alternates,
238 * whose contents is similar to that environment variable but can be
239 * LF separated. Its base points at a statically allocated buffer that
240 * contains "/the/directory/corresponding/to/.git/objects/...", while
241 * its name points just after the slash at the end of ".git/objects/"
242 * in the example above, and has enough space to hold 40-byte hex
243 * SHA1, an extra slash for the first level indirection, and the
244 * terminating NUL.
246 static int link_alt_odb_entry(const char * entry, int len, const char * relative_base, int depth)
248 const char *objdir = get_object_directory();
249 struct alternate_object_database *ent;
250 struct alternate_object_database *alt;
251 int pfxlen, entlen;
252 struct strbuf pathbuf = STRBUF_INIT;
254 if (!is_absolute_path(entry) && relative_base) {
255 strbuf_addstr(&pathbuf, real_path(relative_base));
256 strbuf_addch(&pathbuf, '/');
258 strbuf_add(&pathbuf, entry, len);
260 normalize_path_copy(pathbuf.buf, pathbuf.buf);
262 pfxlen = strlen(pathbuf.buf);
265 * The trailing slash after the directory name is given by
266 * this function at the end. Remove duplicates.
268 while (pfxlen && pathbuf.buf[pfxlen-1] == '/')
269 pfxlen -= 1;
271 entlen = pfxlen + 43; /* '/' + 2 hex + '/' + 38 hex + NUL */
272 ent = xmalloc(sizeof(*ent) + entlen);
273 memcpy(ent->base, pathbuf.buf, pfxlen);
274 strbuf_release(&pathbuf);
276 ent->name = ent->base + pfxlen + 1;
277 ent->base[pfxlen + 3] = '/';
278 ent->base[pfxlen] = ent->base[entlen-1] = 0;
280 /* Detect cases where alternate disappeared */
281 if (!is_directory(ent->base)) {
282 error("object directory %s does not exist; "
283 "check .git/objects/info/alternates.",
284 ent->base);
285 free(ent);
286 return -1;
289 /* Prevent the common mistake of listing the same
290 * thing twice, or object directory itself.
292 for (alt = alt_odb_list; alt; alt = alt->next) {
293 if (!memcmp(ent->base, alt->base, pfxlen)) {
294 free(ent);
295 return -1;
298 if (!memcmp(ent->base, objdir, pfxlen)) {
299 free(ent);
300 return -1;
303 /* add the alternate entry */
304 *alt_odb_tail = ent;
305 alt_odb_tail = &(ent->next);
306 ent->next = NULL;
308 /* recursively add alternates */
309 read_info_alternates(ent->base, depth + 1);
311 ent->base[pfxlen] = '/';
313 return 0;
316 static void link_alt_odb_entries(const char *alt, const char *ep, int sep,
317 const char *relative_base, int depth)
319 const char *cp, *last;
321 if (depth > 5) {
322 error("%s: ignoring alternate object stores, nesting too deep.",
323 relative_base);
324 return;
327 last = alt;
328 while (last < ep) {
329 cp = last;
330 if (cp < ep && *cp == '#') {
331 while (cp < ep && *cp != sep)
332 cp++;
333 last = cp + 1;
334 continue;
336 while (cp < ep && *cp != sep)
337 cp++;
338 if (last != cp) {
339 if (!is_absolute_path(last) && depth) {
340 error("%s: ignoring relative alternate object store %s",
341 relative_base, last);
342 } else {
343 link_alt_odb_entry(last, cp - last,
344 relative_base, depth);
347 while (cp < ep && *cp == sep)
348 cp++;
349 last = cp;
353 static void read_info_alternates(const char * relative_base, int depth)
355 char *map;
356 size_t mapsz;
357 struct stat st;
358 const char alt_file_name[] = "info/alternates";
359 /* Given that relative_base is no longer than PATH_MAX,
360 ensure that "path" has enough space to append "/", the
361 file name, "info/alternates", and a trailing NUL. */
362 char path[PATH_MAX + 1 + sizeof alt_file_name];
363 int fd;
365 sprintf(path, "%s/%s", relative_base, alt_file_name);
366 fd = git_open_noatime(path);
367 if (fd < 0)
368 return;
369 if (fstat(fd, &st) || (st.st_size == 0)) {
370 close(fd);
371 return;
373 mapsz = xsize_t(st.st_size);
374 map = xmmap(NULL, mapsz, PROT_READ, MAP_PRIVATE, fd, 0);
375 close(fd);
377 link_alt_odb_entries(map, map + mapsz, '\n', relative_base, depth);
379 munmap(map, mapsz);
382 void add_to_alternates_file(const char *reference)
384 struct lock_file *lock = xcalloc(1, sizeof(struct lock_file));
385 int fd = hold_lock_file_for_append(lock, git_path("objects/info/alternates"), LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR);
386 char *alt = mkpath("%s\n", reference);
387 write_or_die(fd, alt, strlen(alt));
388 if (commit_lock_file(lock))
389 die("could not close alternates file");
390 if (alt_odb_tail)
391 link_alt_odb_entries(alt, alt + strlen(alt), '\n', NULL, 0);
394 void foreach_alt_odb(alt_odb_fn fn, void *cb)
396 struct alternate_object_database *ent;
398 prepare_alt_odb();
399 for (ent = alt_odb_list; ent; ent = ent->next)
400 if (fn(ent, cb))
401 return;
404 void prepare_alt_odb(void)
406 const char *alt;
408 if (alt_odb_tail)
409 return;
411 alt = getenv(ALTERNATE_DB_ENVIRONMENT);
412 if (!alt) alt = "";
414 alt_odb_tail = &alt_odb_list;
415 link_alt_odb_entries(alt, alt + strlen(alt), PATH_SEP, NULL, 0);
417 read_info_alternates(get_object_directory(), 0);
420 static int has_loose_object_local(const unsigned char *sha1)
422 char *name = sha1_file_name(sha1);
423 return !access(name, F_OK);
426 int has_loose_object_nonlocal(const unsigned char *sha1)
428 struct alternate_object_database *alt;
429 prepare_alt_odb();
430 for (alt = alt_odb_list; alt; alt = alt->next) {
431 fill_sha1_path(alt->name, sha1);
432 if (!access(alt->base, F_OK))
433 return 1;
435 return 0;
438 static int has_loose_object(const unsigned char *sha1)
440 return has_loose_object_local(sha1) ||
441 has_loose_object_nonlocal(sha1);
444 static unsigned int pack_used_ctr;
445 static unsigned int pack_mmap_calls;
446 static unsigned int peak_pack_open_windows;
447 static unsigned int pack_open_windows;
448 static unsigned int pack_open_fds;
449 static unsigned int pack_max_fds;
450 static size_t peak_pack_mapped;
451 static size_t pack_mapped;
452 struct packed_git *packed_git;
454 void pack_report(void)
456 fprintf(stderr,
457 "pack_report: getpagesize() = %10" SZ_FMT "\n"
458 "pack_report: core.packedGitWindowSize = %10" SZ_FMT "\n"
459 "pack_report: core.packedGitLimit = %10" SZ_FMT "\n",
460 sz_fmt(getpagesize()),
461 sz_fmt(packed_git_window_size),
462 sz_fmt(packed_git_limit));
463 fprintf(stderr,
464 "pack_report: pack_used_ctr = %10u\n"
465 "pack_report: pack_mmap_calls = %10u\n"
466 "pack_report: pack_open_windows = %10u / %10u\n"
467 "pack_report: pack_mapped = "
468 "%10" SZ_FMT " / %10" SZ_FMT "\n",
469 pack_used_ctr,
470 pack_mmap_calls,
471 pack_open_windows, peak_pack_open_windows,
472 sz_fmt(pack_mapped), sz_fmt(peak_pack_mapped));
475 static int check_packed_git_idx(const char *path, struct packed_git *p)
477 void *idx_map;
478 struct pack_idx_header *hdr;
479 size_t idx_size;
480 uint32_t version, nr, i, *index;
481 int fd = git_open_noatime(path);
482 struct stat st;
484 if (fd < 0)
485 return -1;
486 if (fstat(fd, &st)) {
487 close(fd);
488 return -1;
490 idx_size = xsize_t(st.st_size);
491 if (idx_size < 4 * 256 + 20 + 20) {
492 close(fd);
493 return error("index file %s is too small", path);
495 idx_map = xmmap(NULL, idx_size, PROT_READ, MAP_PRIVATE, fd, 0);
496 close(fd);
498 hdr = idx_map;
499 if (hdr->idx_signature == htonl(PACK_IDX_SIGNATURE)) {
500 version = ntohl(hdr->idx_version);
501 if (version < 2 || version > 2) {
502 munmap(idx_map, idx_size);
503 return error("index file %s is version %"PRIu32
504 " and is not supported by this binary"
505 " (try upgrading GIT to a newer version)",
506 path, version);
508 } else
509 version = 1;
511 nr = 0;
512 index = idx_map;
513 if (version > 1)
514 index += 2; /* skip index header */
515 for (i = 0; i < 256; i++) {
516 uint32_t n = ntohl(index[i]);
517 if (n < nr) {
518 munmap(idx_map, idx_size);
519 return error("non-monotonic index %s", path);
521 nr = n;
524 if (version == 1) {
526 * Total size:
527 * - 256 index entries 4 bytes each
528 * - 24-byte entries * nr (20-byte sha1 + 4-byte offset)
529 * - 20-byte SHA1 of the packfile
530 * - 20-byte SHA1 file checksum
532 if (idx_size != 4*256 + nr * 24 + 20 + 20) {
533 munmap(idx_map, idx_size);
534 return error("wrong index v1 file size in %s", path);
536 } else if (version == 2) {
538 * Minimum size:
539 * - 8 bytes of header
540 * - 256 index entries 4 bytes each
541 * - 20-byte sha1 entry * nr
542 * - 4-byte crc entry * nr
543 * - 4-byte offset entry * nr
544 * - 20-byte SHA1 of the packfile
545 * - 20-byte SHA1 file checksum
546 * And after the 4-byte offset table might be a
547 * variable sized table containing 8-byte entries
548 * for offsets larger than 2^31.
550 unsigned long min_size = 8 + 4*256 + nr*(20 + 4 + 4) + 20 + 20;
551 unsigned long max_size = min_size;
552 if (nr)
553 max_size += (nr - 1)*8;
554 if (idx_size < min_size || idx_size > max_size) {
555 munmap(idx_map, idx_size);
556 return error("wrong index v2 file size in %s", path);
558 if (idx_size != min_size &&
560 * make sure we can deal with large pack offsets.
561 * 31-bit signed offset won't be enough, neither
562 * 32-bit unsigned one will be.
564 (sizeof(off_t) <= 4)) {
565 munmap(idx_map, idx_size);
566 return error("pack too large for current definition of off_t in %s", path);
570 p->index_version = version;
571 p->index_data = idx_map;
572 p->index_size = idx_size;
573 p->num_objects = nr;
574 return 0;
577 int open_pack_index(struct packed_git *p)
579 char *idx_name;
580 int ret;
582 if (p->index_data)
583 return 0;
585 idx_name = xstrdup(p->pack_name);
586 strcpy(idx_name + strlen(idx_name) - strlen(".pack"), ".idx");
587 ret = check_packed_git_idx(idx_name, p);
588 free(idx_name);
589 return ret;
592 static void scan_windows(struct packed_git *p,
593 struct packed_git **lru_p,
594 struct pack_window **lru_w,
595 struct pack_window **lru_l)
597 struct pack_window *w, *w_l;
599 for (w_l = NULL, w = p->windows; w; w = w->next) {
600 if (!w->inuse_cnt) {
601 if (!*lru_w || w->last_used < (*lru_w)->last_used) {
602 *lru_p = p;
603 *lru_w = w;
604 *lru_l = w_l;
607 w_l = w;
611 static int unuse_one_window(struct packed_git *current, int keep_fd)
613 struct packed_git *p, *lru_p = NULL;
614 struct pack_window *lru_w = NULL, *lru_l = NULL;
616 if (current)
617 scan_windows(current, &lru_p, &lru_w, &lru_l);
618 for (p = packed_git; p; p = p->next)
619 scan_windows(p, &lru_p, &lru_w, &lru_l);
620 if (lru_p) {
621 munmap(lru_w->base, lru_w->len);
622 pack_mapped -= lru_w->len;
623 if (lru_l)
624 lru_l->next = lru_w->next;
625 else {
626 lru_p->windows = lru_w->next;
627 if (!lru_p->windows && lru_p->pack_fd != -1
628 && lru_p->pack_fd != keep_fd) {
629 close(lru_p->pack_fd);
630 pack_open_fds--;
631 lru_p->pack_fd = -1;
634 free(lru_w);
635 pack_open_windows--;
636 return 1;
638 return 0;
641 void release_pack_memory(size_t need, int fd)
643 size_t cur = pack_mapped;
644 while (need >= (cur - pack_mapped) && unuse_one_window(NULL, fd))
645 ; /* nothing */
648 void *xmmap(void *start, size_t length,
649 int prot, int flags, int fd, off_t offset)
651 void *ret = mmap(start, length, prot, flags, fd, offset);
652 if (ret == MAP_FAILED) {
653 if (!length)
654 return NULL;
655 release_pack_memory(length, fd);
656 ret = mmap(start, length, prot, flags, fd, offset);
657 if (ret == MAP_FAILED)
658 die_errno("Out of memory? mmap failed");
660 return ret;
663 void close_pack_windows(struct packed_git *p)
665 while (p->windows) {
666 struct pack_window *w = p->windows;
668 if (w->inuse_cnt)
669 die("pack '%s' still has open windows to it",
670 p->pack_name);
671 munmap(w->base, w->len);
672 pack_mapped -= w->len;
673 pack_open_windows--;
674 p->windows = w->next;
675 free(w);
679 void unuse_pack(struct pack_window **w_cursor)
681 struct pack_window *w = *w_cursor;
682 if (w) {
683 w->inuse_cnt--;
684 *w_cursor = NULL;
688 void close_pack_index(struct packed_git *p)
690 if (p->index_data) {
691 munmap((void *)p->index_data, p->index_size);
692 p->index_data = NULL;
697 * This is used by git-repack in case a newly created pack happens to
698 * contain the same set of objects as an existing one. In that case
699 * the resulting file might be different even if its name would be the
700 * same. It is best to close any reference to the old pack before it is
701 * replaced on disk. Of course no index pointers nor windows for given pack
702 * must subsist at this point. If ever objects from this pack are requested
703 * again, the new version of the pack will be reinitialized through
704 * reprepare_packed_git().
706 void free_pack_by_name(const char *pack_name)
708 struct packed_git *p, **pp = &packed_git;
710 while (*pp) {
711 p = *pp;
712 if (strcmp(pack_name, p->pack_name) == 0) {
713 clear_delta_base_cache();
714 close_pack_windows(p);
715 if (p->pack_fd != -1) {
716 close(p->pack_fd);
717 pack_open_fds--;
719 close_pack_index(p);
720 free(p->bad_object_sha1);
721 *pp = p->next;
722 free(p);
723 return;
725 pp = &p->next;
730 * Do not call this directly as this leaks p->pack_fd on error return;
731 * call open_packed_git() instead.
733 static int open_packed_git_1(struct packed_git *p)
735 struct stat st;
736 struct pack_header hdr;
737 unsigned char sha1[20];
738 unsigned char *idx_sha1;
739 long fd_flag;
741 if (!p->index_data && open_pack_index(p))
742 return error("packfile %s index unavailable", p->pack_name);
744 if (!pack_max_fds) {
745 struct rlimit lim;
746 unsigned int max_fds;
748 if (getrlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE, &lim))
749 die_errno("cannot get RLIMIT_NOFILE");
751 max_fds = lim.rlim_cur;
753 /* Save 3 for stdin/stdout/stderr, 22 for work */
754 if (25 < max_fds)
755 pack_max_fds = max_fds - 25;
756 else
757 pack_max_fds = 1;
760 while (pack_max_fds <= pack_open_fds && unuse_one_window(NULL, -1))
761 ; /* nothing */
763 p->pack_fd = git_open_noatime(p->pack_name);
764 if (p->pack_fd < 0 || fstat(p->pack_fd, &st))
765 return -1;
766 pack_open_fds++;
768 /* If we created the struct before we had the pack we lack size. */
769 if (!p->pack_size) {
770 if (!S_ISREG(st.st_mode))
771 return error("packfile %s not a regular file", p->pack_name);
772 p->pack_size = st.st_size;
773 } else if (p->pack_size != st.st_size)
774 return error("packfile %s size changed", p->pack_name);
776 /* We leave these file descriptors open with sliding mmap;
777 * there is no point keeping them open across exec(), though.
779 fd_flag = fcntl(p->pack_fd, F_GETFD, 0);
780 if (fd_flag < 0)
781 return error("cannot determine file descriptor flags");
782 fd_flag |= FD_CLOEXEC;
783 if (fcntl(p->pack_fd, F_SETFD, fd_flag) == -1)
784 return error("cannot set FD_CLOEXEC");
786 /* Verify we recognize this pack file format. */
787 if (read_in_full(p->pack_fd, &hdr, sizeof(hdr)) != sizeof(hdr))
788 return error("file %s is far too short to be a packfile", p->pack_name);
789 if (hdr.hdr_signature != htonl(PACK_SIGNATURE))
790 return error("file %s is not a GIT packfile", p->pack_name);
791 if (!pack_version_ok(hdr.hdr_version))
792 return error("packfile %s is version %"PRIu32" and not"
793 " supported (try upgrading GIT to a newer version)",
794 p->pack_name, ntohl(hdr.hdr_version));
796 /* Verify the pack matches its index. */
797 if (p->num_objects != ntohl(hdr.hdr_entries))
798 return error("packfile %s claims to have %"PRIu32" objects"
799 " while index indicates %"PRIu32" objects",
800 p->pack_name, ntohl(hdr.hdr_entries),
801 p->num_objects);
802 if (lseek(p->pack_fd, p->pack_size - sizeof(sha1), SEEK_SET) == -1)
803 return error("end of packfile %s is unavailable", p->pack_name);
804 if (read_in_full(p->pack_fd, sha1, sizeof(sha1)) != sizeof(sha1))
805 return error("packfile %s signature is unavailable", p->pack_name);
806 idx_sha1 = ((unsigned char *)p->index_data) + p->index_size - 40;
807 if (hashcmp(sha1, idx_sha1))
808 return error("packfile %s does not match index", p->pack_name);
809 return 0;
812 static int open_packed_git(struct packed_git *p)
814 if (!open_packed_git_1(p))
815 return 0;
816 if (p->pack_fd != -1) {
817 close(p->pack_fd);
818 pack_open_fds--;
819 p->pack_fd = -1;
821 return -1;
824 static int in_window(struct pack_window *win, off_t offset)
826 /* We must promise at least 20 bytes (one hash) after the
827 * offset is available from this window, otherwise the offset
828 * is not actually in this window and a different window (which
829 * has that one hash excess) must be used. This is to support
830 * the object header and delta base parsing routines below.
832 off_t win_off = win->offset;
833 return win_off <= offset
834 && (offset + 20) <= (win_off + win->len);
837 unsigned char *use_pack(struct packed_git *p,
838 struct pack_window **w_cursor,
839 off_t offset,
840 unsigned long *left)
842 struct pack_window *win = *w_cursor;
844 /* Since packfiles end in a hash of their content and it's
845 * pointless to ask for an offset into the middle of that
846 * hash, and the in_window function above wouldn't match
847 * don't allow an offset too close to the end of the file.
849 if (!p->pack_size && p->pack_fd == -1 && open_packed_git(p))
850 die("packfile %s cannot be accessed", p->pack_name);
851 if (offset > (p->pack_size - 20))
852 die("offset beyond end of packfile (truncated pack?)");
854 if (!win || !in_window(win, offset)) {
855 if (win)
856 win->inuse_cnt--;
857 for (win = p->windows; win; win = win->next) {
858 if (in_window(win, offset))
859 break;
861 if (!win) {
862 size_t window_align = packed_git_window_size / 2;
863 off_t len;
865 if (p->pack_fd == -1 && open_packed_git(p))
866 die("packfile %s cannot be accessed", p->pack_name);
868 win = xcalloc(1, sizeof(*win));
869 win->offset = (offset / window_align) * window_align;
870 len = p->pack_size - win->offset;
871 if (len > packed_git_window_size)
872 len = packed_git_window_size;
873 win->len = (size_t)len;
874 pack_mapped += win->len;
875 while (packed_git_limit < pack_mapped
876 && unuse_one_window(p, p->pack_fd))
877 ; /* nothing */
878 win->base = xmmap(NULL, win->len,
879 PROT_READ, MAP_PRIVATE,
880 p->pack_fd, win->offset);
881 if (win->base == MAP_FAILED)
882 die("packfile %s cannot be mapped: %s",
883 p->pack_name,
884 strerror(errno));
885 if (!win->offset && win->len == p->pack_size
886 && !p->do_not_close) {
887 close(p->pack_fd);
888 pack_open_fds--;
889 p->pack_fd = -1;
891 pack_mmap_calls++;
892 pack_open_windows++;
893 if (pack_mapped > peak_pack_mapped)
894 peak_pack_mapped = pack_mapped;
895 if (pack_open_windows > peak_pack_open_windows)
896 peak_pack_open_windows = pack_open_windows;
897 win->next = p->windows;
898 p->windows = win;
901 if (win != *w_cursor) {
902 win->last_used = pack_used_ctr++;
903 win->inuse_cnt++;
904 *w_cursor = win;
906 offset -= win->offset;
907 if (left)
908 *left = win->len - xsize_t(offset);
909 return win->base + offset;
912 static struct packed_git *alloc_packed_git(int extra)
914 struct packed_git *p = xmalloc(sizeof(*p) + extra);
915 memset(p, 0, sizeof(*p));
916 p->pack_fd = -1;
917 return p;
920 static void try_to_free_pack_memory(size_t size)
922 release_pack_memory(size, -1);
925 struct packed_git *add_packed_git(const char *path, int path_len, int local)
927 static int have_set_try_to_free_routine;
928 struct stat st;
929 struct packed_git *p = alloc_packed_git(path_len + 2);
931 if (!have_set_try_to_free_routine) {
932 have_set_try_to_free_routine = 1;
933 set_try_to_free_routine(try_to_free_pack_memory);
937 * Make sure a corresponding .pack file exists and that
938 * the index looks sane.
940 path_len -= strlen(".idx");
941 if (path_len < 1) {
942 free(p);
943 return NULL;
945 memcpy(p->pack_name, path, path_len);
947 strcpy(p->pack_name + path_len, ".keep");
948 if (!access(p->pack_name, F_OK))
949 p->pack_keep = 1;
951 strcpy(p->pack_name + path_len, ".pack");
952 if (stat(p->pack_name, &st) || !S_ISREG(st.st_mode)) {
953 free(p);
954 return NULL;
957 /* ok, it looks sane as far as we can check without
958 * actually mapping the pack file.
960 p->pack_size = st.st_size;
961 p->pack_local = local;
962 p->mtime = st.st_mtime;
963 if (path_len < 40 || get_sha1_hex(path + path_len - 40, p->sha1))
964 hashclr(p->sha1);
965 return p;
968 struct packed_git *parse_pack_index(unsigned char *sha1, const char *idx_path)
970 const char *path = sha1_pack_name(sha1);
971 struct packed_git *p = alloc_packed_git(strlen(path) + 1);
973 strcpy(p->pack_name, path);
974 hashcpy(p->sha1, sha1);
975 if (check_packed_git_idx(idx_path, p)) {
976 free(p);
977 return NULL;
980 return p;
983 void install_packed_git(struct packed_git *pack)
985 if (pack->pack_fd != -1)
986 pack_open_fds++;
988 pack->next = packed_git;
989 packed_git = pack;
992 static void prepare_packed_git_one(char *objdir, int local)
994 /* Ensure that this buffer is large enough so that we can
995 append "/pack/" without clobbering the stack even if
996 strlen(objdir) were PATH_MAX. */
997 char path[PATH_MAX + 1 + 4 + 1 + 1];
998 int len;
999 DIR *dir;
1000 struct dirent *de;
1002 sprintf(path, "%s/pack", objdir);
1003 len = strlen(path);
1004 dir = opendir(path);
1005 if (!dir) {
1006 if (errno != ENOENT)
1007 error("unable to open object pack directory: %s: %s",
1008 path, strerror(errno));
1009 return;
1011 path[len++] = '/';
1012 while ((de = readdir(dir)) != NULL) {
1013 int namelen = strlen(de->d_name);
1014 struct packed_git *p;
1016 if (!has_extension(de->d_name, ".idx"))
1017 continue;
1019 if (len + namelen + 1 > sizeof(path))
1020 continue;
1022 /* Don't reopen a pack we already have. */
1023 strcpy(path + len, de->d_name);
1024 for (p = packed_git; p; p = p->next) {
1025 if (!memcmp(path, p->pack_name, len + namelen - 4))
1026 break;
1028 if (p)
1029 continue;
1030 /* See if it really is a valid .idx file with corresponding
1031 * .pack file that we can map.
1033 p = add_packed_git(path, len + namelen, local);
1034 if (!p)
1035 continue;
1036 install_packed_git(p);
1038 closedir(dir);
1041 static int sort_pack(const void *a_, const void *b_)
1043 struct packed_git *a = *((struct packed_git **)a_);
1044 struct packed_git *b = *((struct packed_git **)b_);
1045 int st;
1048 * Local packs tend to contain objects specific to our
1049 * variant of the project than remote ones. In addition,
1050 * remote ones could be on a network mounted filesystem.
1051 * Favor local ones for these reasons.
1053 st = a->pack_local - b->pack_local;
1054 if (st)
1055 return -st;
1058 * Younger packs tend to contain more recent objects,
1059 * and more recent objects tend to get accessed more
1060 * often.
1062 if (a->mtime < b->mtime)
1063 return 1;
1064 else if (a->mtime == b->mtime)
1065 return 0;
1066 return -1;
1069 static void rearrange_packed_git(void)
1071 struct packed_git **ary, *p;
1072 int i, n;
1074 for (n = 0, p = packed_git; p; p = p->next)
1075 n++;
1076 if (n < 2)
1077 return;
1079 /* prepare an array of packed_git for easier sorting */
1080 ary = xcalloc(n, sizeof(struct packed_git *));
1081 for (n = 0, p = packed_git; p; p = p->next)
1082 ary[n++] = p;
1084 qsort(ary, n, sizeof(struct packed_git *), sort_pack);
1086 /* link them back again */
1087 for (i = 0; i < n - 1; i++)
1088 ary[i]->next = ary[i + 1];
1089 ary[n - 1]->next = NULL;
1090 packed_git = ary[0];
1092 free(ary);
1095 static int prepare_packed_git_run_once = 0;
1096 void prepare_packed_git(void)
1098 struct alternate_object_database *alt;
1100 if (prepare_packed_git_run_once)
1101 return;
1102 prepare_packed_git_one(get_object_directory(), 1);
1103 prepare_alt_odb();
1104 for (alt = alt_odb_list; alt; alt = alt->next) {
1105 alt->name[-1] = 0;
1106 prepare_packed_git_one(alt->base, 0);
1107 alt->name[-1] = '/';
1109 rearrange_packed_git();
1110 prepare_packed_git_run_once = 1;
1113 void reprepare_packed_git(void)
1115 discard_revindex();
1116 prepare_packed_git_run_once = 0;
1117 prepare_packed_git();
1120 static void mark_bad_packed_object(struct packed_git *p,
1121 const unsigned char *sha1)
1123 unsigned i;
1124 for (i = 0; i < p->num_bad_objects; i++)
1125 if (!hashcmp(sha1, p->bad_object_sha1 + 20 * i))
1126 return;
1127 p->bad_object_sha1 = xrealloc(p->bad_object_sha1, 20 * (p->num_bad_objects + 1));
1128 hashcpy(p->bad_object_sha1 + 20 * p->num_bad_objects, sha1);
1129 p->num_bad_objects++;
1132 static const struct packed_git *has_packed_and_bad(const unsigned char *sha1)
1134 struct packed_git *p;
1135 unsigned i;
1137 for (p = packed_git; p; p = p->next)
1138 for (i = 0; i < p->num_bad_objects; i++)
1139 if (!hashcmp(sha1, p->bad_object_sha1 + 20 * i))
1140 return p;
1141 return NULL;
1144 int check_sha1_signature(const unsigned char *sha1, void *map, unsigned long size, const char *type)
1146 unsigned char real_sha1[20];
1147 hash_sha1_file(map, size, type, real_sha1);
1148 return hashcmp(sha1, real_sha1) ? -1 : 0;
1151 static int git_open_noatime(const char *name)
1153 static int sha1_file_open_flag = O_NOATIME;
1155 for (;;) {
1156 int fd = open(name, O_RDONLY | sha1_file_open_flag);
1157 if (fd >= 0)
1158 return fd;
1160 /* Might the failure be due to O_NOATIME? */
1161 if (errno != ENOENT && sha1_file_open_flag) {
1162 sha1_file_open_flag = 0;
1163 continue;
1166 return -1;
1170 static int open_sha1_file(const unsigned char *sha1)
1172 int fd;
1173 char *name = sha1_file_name(sha1);
1174 struct alternate_object_database *alt;
1176 fd = git_open_noatime(name);
1177 if (fd >= 0)
1178 return fd;
1180 prepare_alt_odb();
1181 errno = ENOENT;
1182 for (alt = alt_odb_list; alt; alt = alt->next) {
1183 name = alt->name;
1184 fill_sha1_path(name, sha1);
1185 fd = git_open_noatime(alt->base);
1186 if (fd >= 0)
1187 return fd;
1189 return -1;
1192 void *map_sha1_file(const unsigned char *sha1, unsigned long *size)
1194 void *map;
1195 int fd;
1197 fd = open_sha1_file(sha1);
1198 map = NULL;
1199 if (fd >= 0) {
1200 struct stat st;
1202 if (!fstat(fd, &st)) {
1203 *size = xsize_t(st.st_size);
1204 map = xmmap(NULL, *size, PROT_READ, MAP_PRIVATE, fd, 0);
1206 close(fd);
1208 return map;
1212 * There used to be a second loose object header format which
1213 * was meant to mimic the in-pack format, allowing for direct
1214 * copy of the object data. This format turned up not to be
1215 * really worth it and we no longer write loose objects in that
1216 * format.
1218 static int experimental_loose_object(unsigned char *map)
1220 unsigned int word;
1223 * We must determine if the buffer contains the standard
1224 * zlib-deflated stream or the experimental format based
1225 * on the in-pack object format. Compare the header byte
1226 * for each format:
1228 * RFC1950 zlib w/ deflate : 0www1000 : 0 <= www <= 7
1229 * Experimental pack-based : Stttssss : ttt = 1,2,3,4
1231 * If bit 7 is clear and bits 0-3 equal 8, the buffer MUST be
1232 * in standard loose-object format, UNLESS it is a Git-pack
1233 * format object *exactly* 8 bytes in size when inflated.
1235 * However, RFC1950 also specifies that the 1st 16-bit word
1236 * must be divisible by 31 - this checksum tells us our buffer
1237 * is in the standard format, giving a false positive only if
1238 * the 1st word of the Git-pack format object happens to be
1239 * divisible by 31, ie:
1240 * ((byte0 * 256) + byte1) % 31 = 0
1241 * => 0ttt10000www1000 % 31 = 0
1243 * As it happens, this case can only arise for www=3 & ttt=1
1244 * - ie, a Commit object, which would have to be 8 bytes in
1245 * size. As no Commit can be that small, we find that the
1246 * combination of these two criteria (bitmask & checksum)
1247 * can always correctly determine the buffer format.
1249 word = (map[0] << 8) + map[1];
1250 if ((map[0] & 0x8F) == 0x08 && !(word % 31))
1251 return 0;
1252 else
1253 return 1;
1256 unsigned long unpack_object_header_buffer(const unsigned char *buf,
1257 unsigned long len, enum object_type *type, unsigned long *sizep)
1259 unsigned shift;
1260 unsigned long size, c;
1261 unsigned long used = 0;
1263 c = buf[used++];
1264 *type = (c >> 4) & 7;
1265 size = c & 15;
1266 shift = 4;
1267 while (c & 0x80) {
1268 if (len <= used || bitsizeof(long) <= shift) {
1269 error("bad object header");
1270 size = used = 0;
1271 break;
1273 c = buf[used++];
1274 size += (c & 0x7f) << shift;
1275 shift += 7;
1277 *sizep = size;
1278 return used;
1281 int unpack_sha1_header(git_zstream *stream, unsigned char *map, unsigned long mapsize, void *buffer, unsigned long bufsiz)
1283 unsigned long size, used;
1284 static const char valid_loose_object_type[8] = {
1285 0, /* OBJ_EXT */
1286 1, 1, 1, 1, /* "commit", "tree", "blob", "tag" */
1287 0, /* "delta" and others are invalid in a loose object */
1289 enum object_type type;
1291 /* Get the data stream */
1292 memset(stream, 0, sizeof(*stream));
1293 stream->next_in = map;
1294 stream->avail_in = mapsize;
1295 stream->next_out = buffer;
1296 stream->avail_out = bufsiz;
1298 if (experimental_loose_object(map)) {
1300 * The old experimental format we no longer produce;
1301 * we can still read it.
1303 used = unpack_object_header_buffer(map, mapsize, &type, &size);
1304 if (!used || !valid_loose_object_type[type])
1305 return -1;
1306 map += used;
1307 mapsize -= used;
1309 /* Set up the stream for the rest.. */
1310 stream->next_in = map;
1311 stream->avail_in = mapsize;
1312 git_inflate_init(stream);
1314 /* And generate the fake traditional header */
1315 stream->total_out = 1 + snprintf(buffer, bufsiz, "%s %lu",
1316 typename(type), size);
1317 return 0;
1319 git_inflate_init(stream);
1320 return git_inflate(stream, 0);
1323 static void *unpack_sha1_rest(git_zstream *stream, void *buffer, unsigned long size, const unsigned char *sha1)
1325 int bytes = strlen(buffer) + 1;
1326 unsigned char *buf = xmallocz(size);
1327 unsigned long n;
1328 int status = Z_OK;
1330 n = stream->total_out - bytes;
1331 if (n > size)
1332 n = size;
1333 memcpy(buf, (char *) buffer + bytes, n);
1334 bytes = n;
1335 if (bytes <= size) {
1337 * The above condition must be (bytes <= size), not
1338 * (bytes < size). In other words, even though we
1339 * expect no more output and set avail_out to zero,
1340 * the input zlib stream may have bytes that express
1341 * "this concludes the stream", and we *do* want to
1342 * eat that input.
1344 * Otherwise we would not be able to test that we
1345 * consumed all the input to reach the expected size;
1346 * we also want to check that zlib tells us that all
1347 * went well with status == Z_STREAM_END at the end.
1349 stream->next_out = buf + bytes;
1350 stream->avail_out = size - bytes;
1351 while (status == Z_OK)
1352 status = git_inflate(stream, Z_FINISH);
1354 if (status == Z_STREAM_END && !stream->avail_in) {
1355 git_inflate_end(stream);
1356 return buf;
1359 if (status < 0)
1360 error("corrupt loose object '%s'", sha1_to_hex(sha1));
1361 else if (stream->avail_in)
1362 error("garbage at end of loose object '%s'",
1363 sha1_to_hex(sha1));
1364 free(buf);
1365 return NULL;
1369 * We used to just use "sscanf()", but that's actually way
1370 * too permissive for what we want to check. So do an anal
1371 * object header parse by hand.
1373 int parse_sha1_header(const char *hdr, unsigned long *sizep)
1375 char type[10];
1376 int i;
1377 unsigned long size;
1380 * The type can be at most ten bytes (including the
1381 * terminating '\0' that we add), and is followed by
1382 * a space.
1384 i = 0;
1385 for (;;) {
1386 char c = *hdr++;
1387 if (c == ' ')
1388 break;
1389 type[i++] = c;
1390 if (i >= sizeof(type))
1391 return -1;
1393 type[i] = 0;
1396 * The length must follow immediately, and be in canonical
1397 * decimal format (ie "010" is not valid).
1399 size = *hdr++ - '0';
1400 if (size > 9)
1401 return -1;
1402 if (size) {
1403 for (;;) {
1404 unsigned long c = *hdr - '0';
1405 if (c > 9)
1406 break;
1407 hdr++;
1408 size = size * 10 + c;
1411 *sizep = size;
1414 * The length must be followed by a zero byte
1416 return *hdr ? -1 : type_from_string(type);
1419 static void *unpack_sha1_file(void *map, unsigned long mapsize, enum object_type *type, unsigned long *size, const unsigned char *sha1)
1421 int ret;
1422 git_zstream stream;
1423 char hdr[8192];
1425 ret = unpack_sha1_header(&stream, map, mapsize, hdr, sizeof(hdr));
1426 if (ret < Z_OK || (*type = parse_sha1_header(hdr, size)) < 0)
1427 return NULL;
1429 return unpack_sha1_rest(&stream, hdr, *size, sha1);
1432 unsigned long get_size_from_delta(struct packed_git *p,
1433 struct pack_window **w_curs,
1434 off_t curpos)
1436 const unsigned char *data;
1437 unsigned char delta_head[20], *in;
1438 git_zstream stream;
1439 int st;
1441 memset(&stream, 0, sizeof(stream));
1442 stream.next_out = delta_head;
1443 stream.avail_out = sizeof(delta_head);
1445 git_inflate_init(&stream);
1446 do {
1447 in = use_pack(p, w_curs, curpos, &stream.avail_in);
1448 stream.next_in = in;
1449 st = git_inflate(&stream, Z_FINISH);
1450 curpos += stream.next_in - in;
1451 } while ((st == Z_OK || st == Z_BUF_ERROR) &&
1452 stream.total_out < sizeof(delta_head));
1453 git_inflate_end(&stream);
1454 if ((st != Z_STREAM_END) && stream.total_out != sizeof(delta_head)) {
1455 error("delta data unpack-initial failed");
1456 return 0;
1459 /* Examine the initial part of the delta to figure out
1460 * the result size.
1462 data = delta_head;
1464 /* ignore base size */
1465 get_delta_hdr_size(&data, delta_head+sizeof(delta_head));
1467 /* Read the result size */
1468 return get_delta_hdr_size(&data, delta_head+sizeof(delta_head));
1471 static off_t get_delta_base(struct packed_git *p,
1472 struct pack_window **w_curs,
1473 off_t *curpos,
1474 enum object_type type,
1475 off_t delta_obj_offset)
1477 unsigned char *base_info = use_pack(p, w_curs, *curpos, NULL);
1478 off_t base_offset;
1480 /* use_pack() assured us we have [base_info, base_info + 20)
1481 * as a range that we can look at without walking off the
1482 * end of the mapped window. Its actually the hash size
1483 * that is assured. An OFS_DELTA longer than the hash size
1484 * is stupid, as then a REF_DELTA would be smaller to store.
1486 if (type == OBJ_OFS_DELTA) {
1487 unsigned used = 0;
1488 unsigned char c = base_info[used++];
1489 base_offset = c & 127;
1490 while (c & 128) {
1491 base_offset += 1;
1492 if (!base_offset || MSB(base_offset, 7))
1493 return 0; /* overflow */
1494 c = base_info[used++];
1495 base_offset = (base_offset << 7) + (c & 127);
1497 base_offset = delta_obj_offset - base_offset;
1498 if (base_offset <= 0 || base_offset >= delta_obj_offset)
1499 return 0; /* out of bound */
1500 *curpos += used;
1501 } else if (type == OBJ_REF_DELTA) {
1502 /* The base entry _must_ be in the same pack */
1503 base_offset = find_pack_entry_one(base_info, p);
1504 *curpos += 20;
1505 } else
1506 die("I am totally screwed");
1507 return base_offset;
1510 /* forward declaration for a mutually recursive function */
1511 static int packed_object_info(struct packed_git *p, off_t offset,
1512 unsigned long *sizep, int *rtype);
1514 static int packed_delta_info(struct packed_git *p,
1515 struct pack_window **w_curs,
1516 off_t curpos,
1517 enum object_type type,
1518 off_t obj_offset,
1519 unsigned long *sizep)
1521 off_t base_offset;
1523 base_offset = get_delta_base(p, w_curs, &curpos, type, obj_offset);
1524 if (!base_offset)
1525 return OBJ_BAD;
1526 type = packed_object_info(p, base_offset, NULL, NULL);
1527 if (type <= OBJ_NONE) {
1528 struct revindex_entry *revidx;
1529 const unsigned char *base_sha1;
1530 revidx = find_pack_revindex(p, base_offset);
1531 if (!revidx)
1532 return OBJ_BAD;
1533 base_sha1 = nth_packed_object_sha1(p, revidx->nr);
1534 mark_bad_packed_object(p, base_sha1);
1535 type = sha1_object_info(base_sha1, NULL);
1536 if (type <= OBJ_NONE)
1537 return OBJ_BAD;
1540 /* We choose to only get the type of the base object and
1541 * ignore potentially corrupt pack file that expects the delta
1542 * based on a base with a wrong size. This saves tons of
1543 * inflate() calls.
1545 if (sizep) {
1546 *sizep = get_size_from_delta(p, w_curs, curpos);
1547 if (*sizep == 0)
1548 type = OBJ_BAD;
1551 return type;
1554 int unpack_object_header(struct packed_git *p,
1555 struct pack_window **w_curs,
1556 off_t *curpos,
1557 unsigned long *sizep)
1559 unsigned char *base;
1560 unsigned long left;
1561 unsigned long used;
1562 enum object_type type;
1564 /* use_pack() assures us we have [base, base + 20) available
1565 * as a range that we can look at. (Its actually the hash
1566 * size that is assured.) With our object header encoding
1567 * the maximum deflated object size is 2^137, which is just
1568 * insane, so we know won't exceed what we have been given.
1570 base = use_pack(p, w_curs, *curpos, &left);
1571 used = unpack_object_header_buffer(base, left, &type, sizep);
1572 if (!used) {
1573 type = OBJ_BAD;
1574 } else
1575 *curpos += used;
1577 return type;
1580 static int packed_object_info(struct packed_git *p, off_t obj_offset,
1581 unsigned long *sizep, int *rtype)
1583 struct pack_window *w_curs = NULL;
1584 unsigned long size;
1585 off_t curpos = obj_offset;
1586 enum object_type type;
1588 type = unpack_object_header(p, &w_curs, &curpos, &size);
1589 if (rtype)
1590 *rtype = type; /* representation type */
1592 switch (type) {
1593 case OBJ_OFS_DELTA:
1594 case OBJ_REF_DELTA:
1595 type = packed_delta_info(p, &w_curs, curpos,
1596 type, obj_offset, sizep);
1597 break;
1598 case OBJ_COMMIT:
1599 case OBJ_TREE:
1600 case OBJ_BLOB:
1601 case OBJ_TAG:
1602 if (sizep)
1603 *sizep = size;
1604 break;
1605 default:
1606 error("unknown object type %i at offset %"PRIuMAX" in %s",
1607 type, (uintmax_t)obj_offset, p->pack_name);
1608 type = OBJ_BAD;
1610 unuse_pack(&w_curs);
1611 return type;
1614 static void *unpack_compressed_entry(struct packed_git *p,
1615 struct pack_window **w_curs,
1616 off_t curpos,
1617 unsigned long size)
1619 int st;
1620 git_zstream stream;
1621 unsigned char *buffer, *in;
1623 buffer = xmallocz(size);
1624 memset(&stream, 0, sizeof(stream));
1625 stream.next_out = buffer;
1626 stream.avail_out = size + 1;
1628 git_inflate_init(&stream);
1629 do {
1630 in = use_pack(p, w_curs, curpos, &stream.avail_in);
1631 stream.next_in = in;
1632 st = git_inflate(&stream, Z_FINISH);
1633 if (!stream.avail_out)
1634 break; /* the payload is larger than it should be */
1635 curpos += stream.next_in - in;
1636 } while (st == Z_OK || st == Z_BUF_ERROR);
1637 git_inflate_end(&stream);
1638 if ((st != Z_STREAM_END) || stream.total_out != size) {
1639 free(buffer);
1640 return NULL;
1643 return buffer;
1646 #define MAX_DELTA_CACHE (256)
1648 static size_t delta_base_cached;
1650 static struct delta_base_cache_lru_list {
1651 struct delta_base_cache_lru_list *prev;
1652 struct delta_base_cache_lru_list *next;
1653 } delta_base_cache_lru = { &delta_base_cache_lru, &delta_base_cache_lru };
1655 static struct delta_base_cache_entry {
1656 struct delta_base_cache_lru_list lru;
1657 void *data;
1658 struct packed_git *p;
1659 off_t base_offset;
1660 unsigned long size;
1661 enum object_type type;
1662 } delta_base_cache[MAX_DELTA_CACHE];
1664 static unsigned long pack_entry_hash(struct packed_git *p, off_t base_offset)
1666 unsigned long hash;
1668 hash = (unsigned long)p + (unsigned long)base_offset;
1669 hash += (hash >> 8) + (hash >> 16);
1670 return hash % MAX_DELTA_CACHE;
1673 static int in_delta_base_cache(struct packed_git *p, off_t base_offset)
1675 unsigned long hash = pack_entry_hash(p, base_offset);
1676 struct delta_base_cache_entry *ent = delta_base_cache + hash;
1677 return (ent->data && ent->p == p && ent->base_offset == base_offset);
1680 static void *cache_or_unpack_entry(struct packed_git *p, off_t base_offset,
1681 unsigned long *base_size, enum object_type *type, int keep_cache)
1683 void *ret;
1684 unsigned long hash = pack_entry_hash(p, base_offset);
1685 struct delta_base_cache_entry *ent = delta_base_cache + hash;
1687 ret = ent->data;
1688 if (!ret || ent->p != p || ent->base_offset != base_offset)
1689 return unpack_entry(p, base_offset, type, base_size);
1691 if (!keep_cache) {
1692 ent->data = NULL;
1693 ent->lru.next->prev = ent->lru.prev;
1694 ent->lru.prev->next = ent->lru.next;
1695 delta_base_cached -= ent->size;
1696 } else {
1697 ret = xmemdupz(ent->data, ent->size);
1699 *type = ent->type;
1700 *base_size = ent->size;
1701 return ret;
1704 static inline void release_delta_base_cache(struct delta_base_cache_entry *ent)
1706 if (ent->data) {
1707 free(ent->data);
1708 ent->data = NULL;
1709 ent->lru.next->prev = ent->lru.prev;
1710 ent->lru.prev->next = ent->lru.next;
1711 delta_base_cached -= ent->size;
1715 void clear_delta_base_cache(void)
1717 unsigned long p;
1718 for (p = 0; p < MAX_DELTA_CACHE; p++)
1719 release_delta_base_cache(&delta_base_cache[p]);
1722 static void add_delta_base_cache(struct packed_git *p, off_t base_offset,
1723 void *base, unsigned long base_size, enum object_type type)
1725 unsigned long hash = pack_entry_hash(p, base_offset);
1726 struct delta_base_cache_entry *ent = delta_base_cache + hash;
1727 struct delta_base_cache_lru_list *lru;
1729 release_delta_base_cache(ent);
1730 delta_base_cached += base_size;
1732 for (lru = delta_base_cache_lru.next;
1733 delta_base_cached > delta_base_cache_limit
1734 && lru != &delta_base_cache_lru;
1735 lru = lru->next) {
1736 struct delta_base_cache_entry *f = (void *)lru;
1737 if (f->type == OBJ_BLOB)
1738 release_delta_base_cache(f);
1740 for (lru = delta_base_cache_lru.next;
1741 delta_base_cached > delta_base_cache_limit
1742 && lru != &delta_base_cache_lru;
1743 lru = lru->next) {
1744 struct delta_base_cache_entry *f = (void *)lru;
1745 release_delta_base_cache(f);
1748 ent->p = p;
1749 ent->base_offset = base_offset;
1750 ent->type = type;
1751 ent->data = base;
1752 ent->size = base_size;
1753 ent->lru.next = &delta_base_cache_lru;
1754 ent->lru.prev = delta_base_cache_lru.prev;
1755 delta_base_cache_lru.prev->next = &ent->lru;
1756 delta_base_cache_lru.prev = &ent->lru;
1759 static void *read_object(const unsigned char *sha1, enum object_type *type,
1760 unsigned long *size);
1762 static void *unpack_delta_entry(struct packed_git *p,
1763 struct pack_window **w_curs,
1764 off_t curpos,
1765 unsigned long delta_size,
1766 off_t obj_offset,
1767 enum object_type *type,
1768 unsigned long *sizep)
1770 void *delta_data, *result, *base;
1771 unsigned long base_size;
1772 off_t base_offset;
1774 base_offset = get_delta_base(p, w_curs, &curpos, *type, obj_offset);
1775 if (!base_offset) {
1776 error("failed to validate delta base reference "
1777 "at offset %"PRIuMAX" from %s",
1778 (uintmax_t)curpos, p->pack_name);
1779 return NULL;
1781 unuse_pack(w_curs);
1782 base = cache_or_unpack_entry(p, base_offset, &base_size, type, 0);
1783 if (!base) {
1785 * We're probably in deep shit, but let's try to fetch
1786 * the required base anyway from another pack or loose.
1787 * This is costly but should happen only in the presence
1788 * of a corrupted pack, and is better than failing outright.
1790 struct revindex_entry *revidx;
1791 const unsigned char *base_sha1;
1792 revidx = find_pack_revindex(p, base_offset);
1793 if (!revidx)
1794 return NULL;
1795 base_sha1 = nth_packed_object_sha1(p, revidx->nr);
1796 error("failed to read delta base object %s"
1797 " at offset %"PRIuMAX" from %s",
1798 sha1_to_hex(base_sha1), (uintmax_t)base_offset,
1799 p->pack_name);
1800 mark_bad_packed_object(p, base_sha1);
1801 base = read_object(base_sha1, type, &base_size);
1802 if (!base)
1803 return NULL;
1806 delta_data = unpack_compressed_entry(p, w_curs, curpos, delta_size);
1807 if (!delta_data) {
1808 error("failed to unpack compressed delta "
1809 "at offset %"PRIuMAX" from %s",
1810 (uintmax_t)curpos, p->pack_name);
1811 free(base);
1812 return NULL;
1814 result = patch_delta(base, base_size,
1815 delta_data, delta_size,
1816 sizep);
1817 if (!result)
1818 die("failed to apply delta");
1819 free(delta_data);
1820 add_delta_base_cache(p, base_offset, base, base_size, *type);
1821 return result;
1824 static void write_pack_access_log(struct packed_git *p, off_t obj_offset)
1826 static FILE *log_file;
1828 if (!log_file) {
1829 log_file = fopen(log_pack_access, "w");
1830 if (!log_file) {
1831 error("cannot open pack access log '%s' for writing: %s",
1832 log_pack_access, strerror(errno));
1833 log_pack_access = NULL;
1834 return;
1837 fprintf(log_file, "%s %"PRIuMAX"\n",
1838 p->pack_name, (uintmax_t)obj_offset);
1839 fflush(log_file);
1842 int do_check_packed_object_crc;
1844 void *unpack_entry(struct packed_git *p, off_t obj_offset,
1845 enum object_type *type, unsigned long *sizep)
1847 struct pack_window *w_curs = NULL;
1848 off_t curpos = obj_offset;
1849 void *data;
1851 if (log_pack_access)
1852 write_pack_access_log(p, obj_offset);
1854 if (do_check_packed_object_crc && p->index_version > 1) {
1855 struct revindex_entry *revidx = find_pack_revindex(p, obj_offset);
1856 unsigned long len = revidx[1].offset - obj_offset;
1857 if (check_pack_crc(p, &w_curs, obj_offset, len, revidx->nr)) {
1858 const unsigned char *sha1 =
1859 nth_packed_object_sha1(p, revidx->nr);
1860 error("bad packed object CRC for %s",
1861 sha1_to_hex(sha1));
1862 mark_bad_packed_object(p, sha1);
1863 unuse_pack(&w_curs);
1864 return NULL;
1868 *type = unpack_object_header(p, &w_curs, &curpos, sizep);
1869 switch (*type) {
1870 case OBJ_OFS_DELTA:
1871 case OBJ_REF_DELTA:
1872 data = unpack_delta_entry(p, &w_curs, curpos, *sizep,
1873 obj_offset, type, sizep);
1874 break;
1875 case OBJ_COMMIT:
1876 case OBJ_TREE:
1877 case OBJ_BLOB:
1878 case OBJ_TAG:
1879 data = unpack_compressed_entry(p, &w_curs, curpos, *sizep);
1880 break;
1881 default:
1882 data = NULL;
1883 error("unknown object type %i at offset %"PRIuMAX" in %s",
1884 *type, (uintmax_t)obj_offset, p->pack_name);
1886 unuse_pack(&w_curs);
1887 return data;
1890 const unsigned char *nth_packed_object_sha1(struct packed_git *p,
1891 uint32_t n)
1893 const unsigned char *index = p->index_data;
1894 if (!index) {
1895 if (open_pack_index(p))
1896 return NULL;
1897 index = p->index_data;
1899 if (n >= p->num_objects)
1900 return NULL;
1901 index += 4 * 256;
1902 if (p->index_version == 1) {
1903 return index + 24 * n + 4;
1904 } else {
1905 index += 8;
1906 return index + 20 * n;
1910 off_t nth_packed_object_offset(const struct packed_git *p, uint32_t n)
1912 const unsigned char *index = p->index_data;
1913 index += 4 * 256;
1914 if (p->index_version == 1) {
1915 return ntohl(*((uint32_t *)(index + 24 * n)));
1916 } else {
1917 uint32_t off;
1918 index += 8 + p->num_objects * (20 + 4);
1919 off = ntohl(*((uint32_t *)(index + 4 * n)));
1920 if (!(off & 0x80000000))
1921 return off;
1922 index += p->num_objects * 4 + (off & 0x7fffffff) * 8;
1923 return (((uint64_t)ntohl(*((uint32_t *)(index + 0)))) << 32) |
1924 ntohl(*((uint32_t *)(index + 4)));
1928 off_t find_pack_entry_one(const unsigned char *sha1,
1929 struct packed_git *p)
1931 const uint32_t *level1_ofs = p->index_data;
1932 const unsigned char *index = p->index_data;
1933 unsigned hi, lo, stride;
1934 static int use_lookup = -1;
1935 static int debug_lookup = -1;
1937 if (debug_lookup < 0)
1938 debug_lookup = !!getenv("GIT_DEBUG_LOOKUP");
1940 if (!index) {
1941 if (open_pack_index(p))
1942 return 0;
1943 level1_ofs = p->index_data;
1944 index = p->index_data;
1946 if (p->index_version > 1) {
1947 level1_ofs += 2;
1948 index += 8;
1950 index += 4 * 256;
1951 hi = ntohl(level1_ofs[*sha1]);
1952 lo = ((*sha1 == 0x0) ? 0 : ntohl(level1_ofs[*sha1 - 1]));
1953 if (p->index_version > 1) {
1954 stride = 20;
1955 } else {
1956 stride = 24;
1957 index += 4;
1960 if (debug_lookup)
1961 printf("%02x%02x%02x... lo %u hi %u nr %"PRIu32"\n",
1962 sha1[0], sha1[1], sha1[2], lo, hi, p->num_objects);
1964 if (use_lookup < 0)
1965 use_lookup = !!getenv("GIT_USE_LOOKUP");
1966 if (use_lookup) {
1967 int pos = sha1_entry_pos(index, stride, 0,
1968 lo, hi, p->num_objects, sha1);
1969 if (pos < 0)
1970 return 0;
1971 return nth_packed_object_offset(p, pos);
1974 do {
1975 unsigned mi = (lo + hi) / 2;
1976 int cmp = hashcmp(index + mi * stride, sha1);
1978 if (debug_lookup)
1979 printf("lo %u hi %u rg %u mi %u\n",
1980 lo, hi, hi - lo, mi);
1981 if (!cmp)
1982 return nth_packed_object_offset(p, mi);
1983 if (cmp > 0)
1984 hi = mi;
1985 else
1986 lo = mi+1;
1987 } while (lo < hi);
1988 return 0;
1991 int is_pack_valid(struct packed_git *p)
1993 /* An already open pack is known to be valid. */
1994 if (p->pack_fd != -1)
1995 return 1;
1997 /* If the pack has one window completely covering the
1998 * file size, the pack is known to be valid even if
1999 * the descriptor is not currently open.
2001 if (p->windows) {
2002 struct pack_window *w = p->windows;
2004 if (!w->offset && w->len == p->pack_size)
2005 return 1;
2008 /* Force the pack to open to prove its valid. */
2009 return !open_packed_git(p);
2012 static int find_pack_entry(const unsigned char *sha1, struct pack_entry *e)
2014 static struct packed_git *last_found = (void *)1;
2015 struct packed_git *p;
2016 off_t offset;
2018 prepare_packed_git();
2019 if (!packed_git)
2020 return 0;
2021 p = (last_found == (void *)1) ? packed_git : last_found;
2023 do {
2024 if (p->num_bad_objects) {
2025 unsigned i;
2026 for (i = 0; i < p->num_bad_objects; i++)
2027 if (!hashcmp(sha1, p->bad_object_sha1 + 20 * i))
2028 goto next;
2031 offset = find_pack_entry_one(sha1, p);
2032 if (offset) {
2034 * We are about to tell the caller where they can
2035 * locate the requested object. We better make
2036 * sure the packfile is still here and can be
2037 * accessed before supplying that answer, as
2038 * it may have been deleted since the index
2039 * was loaded!
2041 if (!is_pack_valid(p)) {
2042 warning("packfile %s cannot be accessed", p->pack_name);
2043 goto next;
2045 e->offset = offset;
2046 e->p = p;
2047 hashcpy(e->sha1, sha1);
2048 last_found = p;
2049 return 1;
2052 next:
2053 if (p == last_found)
2054 p = packed_git;
2055 else
2056 p = p->next;
2057 if (p == last_found)
2058 p = p->next;
2059 } while (p);
2060 return 0;
2063 struct packed_git *find_sha1_pack(const unsigned char *sha1,
2064 struct packed_git *packs)
2066 struct packed_git *p;
2068 for (p = packs; p; p = p->next) {
2069 if (find_pack_entry_one(sha1, p))
2070 return p;
2072 return NULL;
2076 static int sha1_loose_object_info(const unsigned char *sha1, unsigned long *sizep)
2078 int status;
2079 unsigned long mapsize, size;
2080 void *map;
2081 git_zstream stream;
2082 char hdr[32];
2084 map = map_sha1_file(sha1, &mapsize);
2085 if (!map)
2086 return error("unable to find %s", sha1_to_hex(sha1));
2087 if (unpack_sha1_header(&stream, map, mapsize, hdr, sizeof(hdr)) < 0)
2088 status = error("unable to unpack %s header",
2089 sha1_to_hex(sha1));
2090 else if ((status = parse_sha1_header(hdr, &size)) < 0)
2091 status = error("unable to parse %s header", sha1_to_hex(sha1));
2092 else if (sizep)
2093 *sizep = size;
2094 git_inflate_end(&stream);
2095 munmap(map, mapsize);
2096 return status;
2099 /* returns enum object_type or negative */
2100 int sha1_object_info_extended(const unsigned char *sha1, struct object_info *oi)
2102 struct cached_object *co;
2103 struct pack_entry e;
2104 int status, rtype;
2106 co = find_cached_object(sha1);
2107 if (co) {
2108 if (oi->sizep)
2109 *(oi->sizep) = co->size;
2110 oi->whence = OI_CACHED;
2111 return co->type;
2114 if (!find_pack_entry(sha1, &e)) {
2115 /* Most likely it's a loose object. */
2116 status = sha1_loose_object_info(sha1, oi->sizep);
2117 if (status >= 0) {
2118 oi->whence = OI_LOOSE;
2119 return status;
2122 /* Not a loose object; someone else may have just packed it. */
2123 reprepare_packed_git();
2124 if (!find_pack_entry(sha1, &e))
2125 return status;
2128 status = packed_object_info(e.p, e.offset, oi->sizep, &rtype);
2129 if (status < 0) {
2130 mark_bad_packed_object(e.p, sha1);
2131 status = sha1_object_info_extended(sha1, oi);
2132 } else if (in_delta_base_cache(e.p, e.offset)) {
2133 oi->whence = OI_DBCACHED;
2134 } else {
2135 oi->whence = OI_PACKED;
2136 oi->u.packed.offset = e.offset;
2137 oi->u.packed.pack = e.p;
2138 oi->u.packed.is_delta = (rtype == OBJ_REF_DELTA ||
2139 rtype == OBJ_OFS_DELTA);
2142 return status;
2145 int sha1_object_info(const unsigned char *sha1, unsigned long *sizep)
2147 struct object_info oi;
2149 oi.sizep = sizep;
2150 return sha1_object_info_extended(sha1, &oi);
2153 static void *read_packed_sha1(const unsigned char *sha1,
2154 enum object_type *type, unsigned long *size)
2156 struct pack_entry e;
2157 void *data;
2159 if (!find_pack_entry(sha1, &e))
2160 return NULL;
2161 data = cache_or_unpack_entry(e.p, e.offset, size, type, 1);
2162 if (!data) {
2164 * We're probably in deep shit, but let's try to fetch
2165 * the required object anyway from another pack or loose.
2166 * This should happen only in the presence of a corrupted
2167 * pack, and is better than failing outright.
2169 error("failed to read object %s at offset %"PRIuMAX" from %s",
2170 sha1_to_hex(sha1), (uintmax_t)e.offset, e.p->pack_name);
2171 mark_bad_packed_object(e.p, sha1);
2172 data = read_object(sha1, type, size);
2174 return data;
2177 int pretend_sha1_file(void *buf, unsigned long len, enum object_type type,
2178 unsigned char *sha1)
2180 struct cached_object *co;
2182 hash_sha1_file(buf, len, typename(type), sha1);
2183 if (has_sha1_file(sha1) || find_cached_object(sha1))
2184 return 0;
2185 if (cached_object_alloc <= cached_object_nr) {
2186 cached_object_alloc = alloc_nr(cached_object_alloc);
2187 cached_objects = xrealloc(cached_objects,
2188 sizeof(*cached_objects) *
2189 cached_object_alloc);
2191 co = &cached_objects[cached_object_nr++];
2192 co->size = len;
2193 co->type = type;
2194 co->buf = xmalloc(len);
2195 memcpy(co->buf, buf, len);
2196 hashcpy(co->sha1, sha1);
2197 return 0;
2200 static void *read_object(const unsigned char *sha1, enum object_type *type,
2201 unsigned long *size)
2203 unsigned long mapsize;
2204 void *map, *buf;
2205 struct cached_object *co;
2207 co = find_cached_object(sha1);
2208 if (co) {
2209 *type = co->type;
2210 *size = co->size;
2211 return xmemdupz(co->buf, co->size);
2214 buf = read_packed_sha1(sha1, type, size);
2215 if (buf)
2216 return buf;
2217 map = map_sha1_file(sha1, &mapsize);
2218 if (map) {
2219 buf = unpack_sha1_file(map, mapsize, type, size, sha1);
2220 munmap(map, mapsize);
2221 return buf;
2223 reprepare_packed_git();
2224 return read_packed_sha1(sha1, type, size);
2228 * This function dies on corrupt objects; the callers who want to
2229 * deal with them should arrange to call read_object() and give error
2230 * messages themselves.
2232 void *read_sha1_file_extended(const unsigned char *sha1,
2233 enum object_type *type,
2234 unsigned long *size,
2235 unsigned flag)
2237 void *data;
2238 char *path;
2239 const struct packed_git *p;
2240 const unsigned char *repl = (flag & READ_SHA1_FILE_REPLACE)
2241 ? lookup_replace_object(sha1) : sha1;
2243 errno = 0;
2244 data = read_object(repl, type, size);
2245 if (data)
2246 return data;
2248 if (errno && errno != ENOENT)
2249 die_errno("failed to read object %s", sha1_to_hex(sha1));
2251 /* die if we replaced an object with one that does not exist */
2252 if (repl != sha1)
2253 die("replacement %s not found for %s",
2254 sha1_to_hex(repl), sha1_to_hex(sha1));
2256 if (has_loose_object(repl)) {
2257 path = sha1_file_name(sha1);
2258 die("loose object %s (stored in %s) is corrupt",
2259 sha1_to_hex(repl), path);
2262 if ((p = has_packed_and_bad(repl)) != NULL)
2263 die("packed object %s (stored in %s) is corrupt",
2264 sha1_to_hex(repl), p->pack_name);
2266 return NULL;
2269 void *read_object_with_reference(const unsigned char *sha1,
2270 const char *required_type_name,
2271 unsigned long *size,
2272 unsigned char *actual_sha1_return)
2274 enum object_type type, required_type;
2275 void *buffer;
2276 unsigned long isize;
2277 unsigned char actual_sha1[20];
2279 required_type = type_from_string(required_type_name);
2280 hashcpy(actual_sha1, sha1);
2281 while (1) {
2282 int ref_length = -1;
2283 const char *ref_type = NULL;
2285 buffer = read_sha1_file(actual_sha1, &type, &isize);
2286 if (!buffer)
2287 return NULL;
2288 if (type == required_type) {
2289 *size = isize;
2290 if (actual_sha1_return)
2291 hashcpy(actual_sha1_return, actual_sha1);
2292 return buffer;
2294 /* Handle references */
2295 else if (type == OBJ_COMMIT)
2296 ref_type = "tree ";
2297 else if (type == OBJ_TAG)
2298 ref_type = "object ";
2299 else {
2300 free(buffer);
2301 return NULL;
2303 ref_length = strlen(ref_type);
2305 if (ref_length + 40 > isize ||
2306 memcmp(buffer, ref_type, ref_length) ||
2307 get_sha1_hex((char *) buffer + ref_length, actual_sha1)) {
2308 free(buffer);
2309 return NULL;
2311 free(buffer);
2312 /* Now we have the ID of the referred-to object in
2313 * actual_sha1. Check again. */
2317 static void write_sha1_file_prepare(const void *buf, unsigned long len,
2318 const char *type, unsigned char *sha1,
2319 char *hdr, int *hdrlen)
2321 git_SHA_CTX c;
2323 /* Generate the header */
2324 *hdrlen = sprintf(hdr, "%s %lu", type, len)+1;
2326 /* Sha1.. */
2327 git_SHA1_Init(&c);
2328 git_SHA1_Update(&c, hdr, *hdrlen);
2329 git_SHA1_Update(&c, buf, len);
2330 git_SHA1_Final(sha1, &c);
2334 * Move the just written object into its final resting place.
2335 * NEEDSWORK: this should be renamed to finalize_temp_file() as
2336 * "moving" is only a part of what it does, when no patch between
2337 * master to pu changes the call sites of this function.
2339 int move_temp_to_file(const char *tmpfile, const char *filename)
2341 int ret = 0;
2343 if (object_creation_mode == OBJECT_CREATION_USES_RENAMES)
2344 goto try_rename;
2345 else if (link(tmpfile, filename))
2346 ret = errno;
2349 * Coda hack - coda doesn't like cross-directory links,
2350 * so we fall back to a rename, which will mean that it
2351 * won't be able to check collisions, but that's not a
2352 * big deal.
2354 * The same holds for FAT formatted media.
2356 * When this succeeds, we just return. We have nothing
2357 * left to unlink.
2359 if (ret && ret != EEXIST) {
2360 try_rename:
2361 if (!rename(tmpfile, filename))
2362 goto out;
2363 ret = errno;
2365 unlink_or_warn(tmpfile);
2366 if (ret) {
2367 if (ret != EEXIST) {
2368 return error("unable to write sha1 filename %s: %s\n", filename, strerror(ret));
2370 /* FIXME!!! Collision check here ? */
2373 out:
2374 if (adjust_shared_perm(filename))
2375 return error("unable to set permission to '%s'", filename);
2376 return 0;
2379 static int write_buffer(int fd, const void *buf, size_t len)
2381 if (write_in_full(fd, buf, len) < 0)
2382 return error("file write error (%s)", strerror(errno));
2383 return 0;
2386 int hash_sha1_file(const void *buf, unsigned long len, const char *type,
2387 unsigned char *sha1)
2389 char hdr[32];
2390 int hdrlen;
2391 write_sha1_file_prepare(buf, len, type, sha1, hdr, &hdrlen);
2392 return 0;
2395 /* Finalize a file on disk, and close it. */
2396 static void close_sha1_file(int fd)
2398 if (fsync_object_files)
2399 fsync_or_die(fd, "sha1 file");
2400 if (close(fd) != 0)
2401 die_errno("error when closing sha1 file");
2404 /* Size of directory component, including the ending '/' */
2405 static inline int directory_size(const char *filename)
2407 const char *s = strrchr(filename, '/');
2408 if (!s)
2409 return 0;
2410 return s - filename + 1;
2414 * This creates a temporary file in the same directory as the final
2415 * 'filename'
2417 * We want to avoid cross-directory filename renames, because those
2418 * can have problems on various filesystems (FAT, NFS, Coda).
2420 static int create_tmpfile(char *buffer, size_t bufsiz, const char *filename)
2422 int fd, dirlen = directory_size(filename);
2424 if (dirlen + 20 > bufsiz) {
2425 errno = ENAMETOOLONG;
2426 return -1;
2428 memcpy(buffer, filename, dirlen);
2429 strcpy(buffer + dirlen, "tmp_obj_XXXXXX");
2430 fd = git_mkstemp_mode(buffer, 0444);
2431 if (fd < 0 && dirlen && errno == ENOENT) {
2432 /* Make sure the directory exists */
2433 memcpy(buffer, filename, dirlen);
2434 buffer[dirlen-1] = 0;
2435 if (mkdir(buffer, 0777) || adjust_shared_perm(buffer))
2436 return -1;
2438 /* Try again */
2439 strcpy(buffer + dirlen - 1, "/tmp_obj_XXXXXX");
2440 fd = git_mkstemp_mode(buffer, 0444);
2442 return fd;
2445 static int write_loose_object(const unsigned char *sha1, char *hdr, int hdrlen,
2446 const void *buf, unsigned long len, time_t mtime)
2448 int fd, ret;
2449 unsigned char compressed[4096];
2450 git_zstream stream;
2451 git_SHA_CTX c;
2452 unsigned char parano_sha1[20];
2453 char *filename;
2454 static char tmpfile[PATH_MAX];
2456 filename = sha1_file_name(sha1);
2457 fd = create_tmpfile(tmpfile, sizeof(tmpfile), filename);
2458 if (fd < 0) {
2459 if (errno == EACCES)
2460 return error("insufficient permission for adding an object to repository database %s\n", get_object_directory());
2461 else
2462 return error("unable to create temporary sha1 filename %s: %s\n", tmpfile, strerror(errno));
2465 /* Set it up */
2466 memset(&stream, 0, sizeof(stream));
2467 git_deflate_init(&stream, zlib_compression_level);
2468 stream.next_out = compressed;
2469 stream.avail_out = sizeof(compressed);
2470 git_SHA1_Init(&c);
2472 /* First header.. */
2473 stream.next_in = (unsigned char *)hdr;
2474 stream.avail_in = hdrlen;
2475 while (git_deflate(&stream, 0) == Z_OK)
2476 ; /* nothing */
2477 git_SHA1_Update(&c, hdr, hdrlen);
2479 /* Then the data itself.. */
2480 stream.next_in = (void *)buf;
2481 stream.avail_in = len;
2482 do {
2483 unsigned char *in0 = stream.next_in;
2484 ret = git_deflate(&stream, Z_FINISH);
2485 git_SHA1_Update(&c, in0, stream.next_in - in0);
2486 if (write_buffer(fd, compressed, stream.next_out - compressed) < 0)
2487 die("unable to write sha1 file");
2488 stream.next_out = compressed;
2489 stream.avail_out = sizeof(compressed);
2490 } while (ret == Z_OK);
2492 if (ret != Z_STREAM_END)
2493 die("unable to deflate new object %s (%d)", sha1_to_hex(sha1), ret);
2494 ret = git_deflate_end_gently(&stream);
2495 if (ret != Z_OK)
2496 die("deflateEnd on object %s failed (%d)", sha1_to_hex(sha1), ret);
2497 git_SHA1_Final(parano_sha1, &c);
2498 if (hashcmp(sha1, parano_sha1) != 0)
2499 die("confused by unstable object source data for %s", sha1_to_hex(sha1));
2501 close_sha1_file(fd);
2503 if (mtime) {
2504 struct utimbuf utb;
2505 utb.actime = mtime;
2506 utb.modtime = mtime;
2507 if (utime(tmpfile, &utb) < 0)
2508 warning("failed utime() on %s: %s",
2509 tmpfile, strerror(errno));
2512 return move_temp_to_file(tmpfile, filename);
2515 int write_sha1_file(const void *buf, unsigned long len, const char *type, unsigned char *returnsha1)
2517 unsigned char sha1[20];
2518 char hdr[32];
2519 int hdrlen;
2521 /* Normally if we have it in the pack then we do not bother writing
2522 * it out into .git/objects/??/?{38} file.
2524 write_sha1_file_prepare(buf, len, type, sha1, hdr, &hdrlen);
2525 if (returnsha1)
2526 hashcpy(returnsha1, sha1);
2527 if (has_sha1_file(sha1))
2528 return 0;
2529 return write_loose_object(sha1, hdr, hdrlen, buf, len, 0);
2532 int force_object_loose(const unsigned char *sha1, time_t mtime)
2534 void *buf;
2535 unsigned long len;
2536 enum object_type type;
2537 char hdr[32];
2538 int hdrlen;
2539 int ret;
2541 if (has_loose_object(sha1))
2542 return 0;
2543 buf = read_packed_sha1(sha1, &type, &len);
2544 if (!buf)
2545 return error("cannot read sha1_file for %s", sha1_to_hex(sha1));
2546 hdrlen = sprintf(hdr, "%s %lu", typename(type), len) + 1;
2547 ret = write_loose_object(sha1, hdr, hdrlen, buf, len, mtime);
2548 free(buf);
2550 return ret;
2553 int has_pack_index(const unsigned char *sha1)
2555 struct stat st;
2556 if (stat(sha1_pack_index_name(sha1), &st))
2557 return 0;
2558 return 1;
2561 int has_sha1_pack(const unsigned char *sha1)
2563 struct pack_entry e;
2564 return find_pack_entry(sha1, &e);
2567 int has_sha1_file(const unsigned char *sha1)
2569 struct pack_entry e;
2571 if (find_pack_entry(sha1, &e))
2572 return 1;
2573 return has_loose_object(sha1);
2576 static void check_tree(const void *buf, size_t size)
2578 struct tree_desc desc;
2579 struct name_entry entry;
2581 init_tree_desc(&desc, buf, size);
2582 while (tree_entry(&desc, &entry))
2583 /* do nothing
2584 * tree_entry() will die() on malformed entries */
2588 static void check_commit(const void *buf, size_t size)
2590 struct commit c;
2591 memset(&c, 0, sizeof(c));
2592 if (parse_commit_buffer(&c, buf, size))
2593 die("corrupt commit");
2596 static void check_tag(const void *buf, size_t size)
2598 struct tag t;
2599 memset(&t, 0, sizeof(t));
2600 if (parse_tag_buffer(&t, buf, size))
2601 die("corrupt tag");
2604 static int index_mem(unsigned char *sha1, void *buf, size_t size,
2605 enum object_type type,
2606 const char *path, unsigned flags)
2608 int ret, re_allocated = 0;
2609 int write_object = flags & HASH_WRITE_OBJECT;
2611 if (!type)
2612 type = OBJ_BLOB;
2615 * Convert blobs to git internal format
2617 if ((type == OBJ_BLOB) && path) {
2618 struct strbuf nbuf = STRBUF_INIT;
2619 if (convert_to_git(path, buf, size, &nbuf,
2620 write_object ? safe_crlf : 0)) {
2621 buf = strbuf_detach(&nbuf, &size);
2622 re_allocated = 1;
2625 if (flags & HASH_FORMAT_CHECK) {
2626 if (type == OBJ_TREE)
2627 check_tree(buf, size);
2628 if (type == OBJ_COMMIT)
2629 check_commit(buf, size);
2630 if (type == OBJ_TAG)
2631 check_tag(buf, size);
2634 if (write_object)
2635 ret = write_sha1_file(buf, size, typename(type), sha1);
2636 else
2637 ret = hash_sha1_file(buf, size, typename(type), sha1);
2638 if (re_allocated)
2639 free(buf);
2640 return ret;
2643 static int index_pipe(unsigned char *sha1, int fd, enum object_type type,
2644 const char *path, unsigned flags)
2646 struct strbuf sbuf = STRBUF_INIT;
2647 int ret;
2649 if (strbuf_read(&sbuf, fd, 4096) >= 0)
2650 ret = index_mem(sha1, sbuf.buf, sbuf.len, type, path, flags);
2651 else
2652 ret = -1;
2653 strbuf_release(&sbuf);
2654 return ret;
2657 #define SMALL_FILE_SIZE (32*1024)
2659 static int index_core(unsigned char *sha1, int fd, size_t size,
2660 enum object_type type, const char *path,
2661 unsigned flags)
2663 int ret;
2665 if (!size) {
2666 ret = index_mem(sha1, NULL, size, type, path, flags);
2667 } else if (size <= SMALL_FILE_SIZE) {
2668 char *buf = xmalloc(size);
2669 if (size == read_in_full(fd, buf, size))
2670 ret = index_mem(sha1, buf, size, type, path, flags);
2671 else
2672 ret = error("short read %s", strerror(errno));
2673 free(buf);
2674 } else {
2675 void *buf = xmmap(NULL, size, PROT_READ, MAP_PRIVATE, fd, 0);
2676 ret = index_mem(sha1, buf, size, type, path, flags);
2677 munmap(buf, size);
2679 return ret;
2683 * This creates one packfile per large blob, because the caller
2684 * immediately wants the result sha1, and fast-import can report the
2685 * object name via marks mechanism only by closing the created
2686 * packfile.
2688 * This also bypasses the usual "convert-to-git" dance, and that is on
2689 * purpose. We could write a streaming version of the converting
2690 * functions and insert that before feeding the data to fast-import
2691 * (or equivalent in-core API described above), but the primary
2692 * motivation for trying to stream from the working tree file and to
2693 * avoid mmaping it in core is to deal with large binary blobs, and
2694 * by definition they do _not_ want to get any conversion.
2696 static int index_stream(unsigned char *sha1, int fd, size_t size,
2697 enum object_type type, const char *path,
2698 unsigned flags)
2700 struct child_process fast_import;
2701 char export_marks[512];
2702 const char *argv[] = { "fast-import", "--quiet", export_marks, NULL };
2703 char tmpfile[512];
2704 char fast_import_cmd[512];
2705 char buf[512];
2706 int len, tmpfd;
2708 strcpy(tmpfile, git_path("hashstream_XXXXXX"));
2709 tmpfd = git_mkstemp_mode(tmpfile, 0600);
2710 if (tmpfd < 0)
2711 die_errno("cannot create tempfile: %s", tmpfile);
2712 if (close(tmpfd))
2713 die_errno("cannot close tempfile: %s", tmpfile);
2714 sprintf(export_marks, "--export-marks=%s", tmpfile);
2716 memset(&fast_import, 0, sizeof(fast_import));
2717 fast_import.in = -1;
2718 fast_import.argv = argv;
2719 fast_import.git_cmd = 1;
2720 if (start_command(&fast_import))
2721 die_errno("index-stream: git fast-import failed");
2723 len = sprintf(fast_import_cmd, "blob\nmark :1\ndata %lu\n",
2724 (unsigned long) size);
2725 write_or_whine(fast_import.in, fast_import_cmd, len,
2726 "index-stream: feeding fast-import");
2727 while (size) {
2728 char buf[10240];
2729 size_t sz = size < sizeof(buf) ? size : sizeof(buf);
2730 ssize_t actual;
2732 actual = read_in_full(fd, buf, sz);
2733 if (actual < 0)
2734 die_errno("index-stream: reading input");
2735 if (write_in_full(fast_import.in, buf, actual) != actual)
2736 die_errno("index-stream: feeding fast-import");
2737 size -= actual;
2739 if (close(fast_import.in))
2740 die_errno("index-stream: closing fast-import");
2741 if (finish_command(&fast_import))
2742 die_errno("index-stream: finishing fast-import");
2744 tmpfd = open(tmpfile, O_RDONLY);
2745 if (tmpfd < 0)
2746 die_errno("index-stream: cannot open fast-import mark");
2747 len = read(tmpfd, buf, sizeof(buf));
2748 if (len < 0)
2749 die_errno("index-stream: reading fast-import mark");
2750 if (close(tmpfd) < 0)
2751 die_errno("index-stream: closing fast-import mark");
2752 if (unlink(tmpfile))
2753 die_errno("index-stream: unlinking fast-import mark");
2754 if (len != 44 ||
2755 memcmp(":1 ", buf, 3) ||
2756 get_sha1_hex(buf + 3, sha1))
2757 die_errno("index-stream: unexpected fast-import mark: <%s>", buf);
2758 return 0;
2761 int index_fd(unsigned char *sha1, int fd, struct stat *st,
2762 enum object_type type, const char *path, unsigned flags)
2764 int ret;
2765 size_t size = xsize_t(st->st_size);
2767 if (!S_ISREG(st->st_mode))
2768 ret = index_pipe(sha1, fd, type, path, flags);
2769 else if (size <= big_file_threshold || type != OBJ_BLOB)
2770 ret = index_core(sha1, fd, size, type, path, flags);
2771 else
2772 ret = index_stream(sha1, fd, size, type, path, flags);
2773 close(fd);
2774 return ret;
2777 int index_path(unsigned char *sha1, const char *path, struct stat *st, unsigned flags)
2779 int fd;
2780 struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;
2782 switch (st->st_mode & S_IFMT) {
2783 case S_IFREG:
2784 fd = open(path, O_RDONLY);
2785 if (fd < 0)
2786 return error("open(\"%s\"): %s", path,
2787 strerror(errno));
2788 if (index_fd(sha1, fd, st, OBJ_BLOB, path, flags) < 0)
2789 return error("%s: failed to insert into database",
2790 path);
2791 break;
2792 case S_IFLNK:
2793 if (strbuf_readlink(&sb, path, st->st_size)) {
2794 char *errstr = strerror(errno);
2795 return error("readlink(\"%s\"): %s", path,
2796 errstr);
2798 if (!(flags & HASH_WRITE_OBJECT))
2799 hash_sha1_file(sb.buf, sb.len, blob_type, sha1);
2800 else if (write_sha1_file(sb.buf, sb.len, blob_type, sha1))
2801 return error("%s: failed to insert into database",
2802 path);
2803 strbuf_release(&sb);
2804 break;
2805 case S_IFDIR:
2806 return resolve_gitlink_ref(path, "HEAD", sha1);
2807 default:
2808 return error("%s: unsupported file type", path);
2810 return 0;
2813 int read_pack_header(int fd, struct pack_header *header)
2815 if (read_in_full(fd, header, sizeof(*header)) < sizeof(*header))
2816 /* "eof before pack header was fully read" */
2817 return PH_ERROR_EOF;
2819 if (header->hdr_signature != htonl(PACK_SIGNATURE))
2820 /* "protocol error (pack signature mismatch detected)" */
2821 return PH_ERROR_PACK_SIGNATURE;
2822 if (!pack_version_ok(header->hdr_version))
2823 /* "protocol error (pack version unsupported)" */
2824 return PH_ERROR_PROTOCOL;
2825 return 0;
2828 void assert_sha1_type(const unsigned char *sha1, enum object_type expect)
2830 enum object_type type = sha1_object_info(sha1, NULL);
2831 if (type < 0)
2832 die("%s is not a valid object", sha1_to_hex(sha1));
2833 if (type != expect)
2834 die("%s is not a valid '%s' object", sha1_to_hex(sha1),
2835 typename(expect));