hw/display/xlnx_dp: Free FIFOs adding xlnx_dp_finalize()
[qemu/ar7.git] / migration / migration.c
blobca8b97baa5ac8b596f6758cad049c680757b8add
1 /*
2  * QEMU live migration
3  *
4  * Copyright IBM, Corp. 2008
5  *
6  * Authors:
7  *  Anthony Liguori   <aliguori@us.ibm.com>
8  *
9  * This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL, version 2.  See
10  * the COPYING file in the top-level directory.
11  *
12  * Contributions after 2012-01-13 are licensed under the terms of the
13  * GNU GPL, version 2 or (at your option) any later version.
14  */
16 #include "qemu/osdep.h"
17 #include "qemu/cutils.h"
18 #include "qemu/error-report.h"
19 #include "qemu/main-loop.h"
20 #include "migration/blocker.h"
21 #include "exec.h"
22 #include "fd.h"
23 #include "socket.h"
24 #include "sysemu/runstate.h"
25 #include "sysemu/sysemu.h"
26 #include "sysemu/cpu-throttle.h"
27 #include "rdma.h"
28 #include "ram.h"
29 #include "migration/global_state.h"
30 #include "migration/misc.h"
31 #include "migration.h"
32 #include "savevm.h"
33 #include "qemu-file-channel.h"
34 #include "qemu-file.h"
35 #include "migration/vmstate.h"
36 #include "block/block.h"
37 #include "qapi/error.h"
38 #include "qapi/clone-visitor.h"
39 #include "qapi/qapi-visit-migration.h"
40 #include "qapi/qapi-visit-sockets.h"
41 #include "qapi/qapi-commands-migration.h"
42 #include "qapi/qapi-events-migration.h"
43 #include "qapi/qmp/qerror.h"
44 #include "qapi/qmp/qnull.h"
45 #include "qemu/rcu.h"
46 #include "block.h"
47 #include "postcopy-ram.h"
48 #include "qemu/thread.h"
49 #include "trace.h"
50 #include "exec/target_page.h"
51 #include "io/channel-buffer.h"
52 #include "migration/colo.h"
53 #include "hw/boards.h"
54 #include "hw/qdev-properties.h"
55 #include "hw/qdev-properties-system.h"
56 #include "monitor/monitor.h"
57 #include "net/announce.h"
58 #include "qemu/queue.h"
59 #include "multifd.h"
60 #include "qemu/yank.h"
61 #include "sysemu/cpus.h"
63 #ifdef CONFIG_VFIO
64 #include "hw/vfio/vfio-common.h"
65 #endif
67 #define MAX_THROTTLE  (128 << 20)      /* Migration transfer speed throttling */
69 /* Amount of time to allocate to each "chunk" of bandwidth-throttled
70  * data. */
71 #define BUFFER_DELAY     100
72 #define XFER_LIMIT_RATIO (1000 / BUFFER_DELAY)
74 /* Time in milliseconds we are allowed to stop the source,
75  * for sending the last part */
76 #define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_SET_DOWNTIME 300
78 /* Maximum migrate downtime set to 2000 seconds */
79 #define MAX_MIGRATE_DOWNTIME_SECONDS 2000
80 #define MAX_MIGRATE_DOWNTIME (MAX_MIGRATE_DOWNTIME_SECONDS * 1000)
82 /* Default compression thread count */
83 #define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_COMPRESS_THREAD_COUNT 8
84 /* Default decompression thread count, usually decompression is at
85  * least 4 times as fast as compression.*/
86 #define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_DECOMPRESS_THREAD_COUNT 2
87 /*0: means nocompress, 1: best speed, ... 9: best compress ratio */
88 #define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_COMPRESS_LEVEL 1
89 /* Define default autoconverge cpu throttle migration parameters */
90 #define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_THROTTLE_TRIGGER_THRESHOLD 50
91 #define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_CPU_THROTTLE_INITIAL 20
92 #define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_CPU_THROTTLE_INCREMENT 10
93 #define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_MAX_CPU_THROTTLE 99
95 /* Migration XBZRLE default cache size */
96 #define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_XBZRLE_CACHE_SIZE (64 * 1024 * 1024)
98 /* The delay time (in ms) between two COLO checkpoints */
99 #define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_X_CHECKPOINT_DELAY (200 * 100)
100 #define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_MULTIFD_CHANNELS 2
101 #define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_MULTIFD_COMPRESSION MULTIFD_COMPRESSION_NONE
102 /* 0: means nocompress, 1: best speed, ... 9: best compress ratio */
103 #define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_MULTIFD_ZLIB_LEVEL 1
104 /* 0: means nocompress, 1: best speed, ... 20: best compress ratio */
105 #define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_MULTIFD_ZSTD_LEVEL 1
107 /* Background transfer rate for postcopy, 0 means unlimited, note
108  * that page requests can still exceed this limit.
109  */
110 #define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_MAX_POSTCOPY_BANDWIDTH 0
113  * Parameters for self_announce_delay giving a stream of RARP/ARP
114  * packets after migration.
115  */
116 #define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_ANNOUNCE_INITIAL  50
117 #define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_ANNOUNCE_MAX     550
118 #define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_ANNOUNCE_ROUNDS    5
119 #define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_ANNOUNCE_STEP    100
121 static NotifierList migration_state_notifiers =
122     NOTIFIER_LIST_INITIALIZER(migration_state_notifiers);
124 /* Messages sent on the return path from destination to source */
125 enum mig_rp_message_type {
126     MIG_RP_MSG_INVALID = 0,  /* Must be 0 */
127     MIG_RP_MSG_SHUT,         /* sibling will not send any more RP messages */
128     MIG_RP_MSG_PONG,         /* Response to a PING; data (seq: be32 ) */
130     MIG_RP_MSG_REQ_PAGES_ID, /* data (start: be64, len: be32, id: string) */
131     MIG_RP_MSG_REQ_PAGES,    /* data (start: be64, len: be32) */
132     MIG_RP_MSG_RECV_BITMAP,  /* send recved_bitmap back to source */
133     MIG_RP_MSG_RESUME_ACK,   /* tell source that we are ready to resume */
135     MIG_RP_MSG_MAX
138 /* Migration capabilities set */
139 struct MigrateCapsSet {
140     int size;                       /* Capability set size */
141     MigrationCapability caps[];     /* Variadic array of capabilities */
143 typedef struct MigrateCapsSet MigrateCapsSet;
145 /* Define and initialize MigrateCapsSet */
146 #define INITIALIZE_MIGRATE_CAPS_SET(_name, ...)   \
147     MigrateCapsSet _name = {    \
148         .size = sizeof((int []) { __VA_ARGS__ }) / sizeof(int), \
149         .caps = { __VA_ARGS__ } \
150     }
152 /* Background-snapshot compatibility check list */
153 static const
154 INITIALIZE_MIGRATE_CAPS_SET(check_caps_background_snapshot,
155     MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_POSTCOPY_RAM,
156     MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_DIRTY_BITMAPS,
157     MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_POSTCOPY_BLOCKTIME,
158     MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_LATE_BLOCK_ACTIVATE,
159     MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_RETURN_PATH,
160     MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_MULTIFD,
161     MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_PAUSE_BEFORE_SWITCHOVER,
162     MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_AUTO_CONVERGE,
163     MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_RELEASE_RAM,
164     MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_RDMA_PIN_ALL,
165     MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_COMPRESS,
166     MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_XBZRLE,
167     MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_X_COLO,
168     MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_VALIDATE_UUID);
170 /* When we add fault tolerance, we could have several
171    migrations at once.  For now we don't need to add
172    dynamic creation of migration */
174 static MigrationState *current_migration;
175 static MigrationIncomingState *current_incoming;
177 static GSList *migration_blockers;
179 static bool migration_object_check(MigrationState *ms, Error **errp);
180 static int migration_maybe_pause(MigrationState *s,
181                                  int *current_active_state,
182                                  int new_state);
183 static void migrate_fd_cancel(MigrationState *s);
185 static gint page_request_addr_cmp(gconstpointer ap, gconstpointer bp)
187     uintptr_t a = (uintptr_t) ap, b = (uintptr_t) bp;
189     return (a > b) - (a < b);
192 void migration_object_init(void)
194     Error *err = NULL;
196     /* This can only be called once. */
197     assert(!current_migration);
198     current_migration = MIGRATION_OBJ(object_new(TYPE_MIGRATION));
200     /*
201      * Init the migrate incoming object as well no matter whether
202      * we'll use it or not.
203      */
204     assert(!current_incoming);
205     current_incoming = g_new0(MigrationIncomingState, 1);
206     current_incoming->state = MIGRATION_STATUS_NONE;
207     current_incoming->postcopy_remote_fds =
208         g_array_new(FALSE, TRUE, sizeof(struct PostCopyFD));
209     qemu_mutex_init(&current_incoming->rp_mutex);
210     qemu_event_init(&current_incoming->main_thread_load_event, false);
211     qemu_sem_init(&current_incoming->postcopy_pause_sem_dst, 0);
212     qemu_sem_init(&current_incoming->postcopy_pause_sem_fault, 0);
213     qemu_mutex_init(&current_incoming->page_request_mutex);
214     current_incoming->page_requested = g_tree_new(page_request_addr_cmp);
216     if (!migration_object_check(current_migration, &err)) {
217         error_report_err(err);
218         exit(1);
219     }
221     blk_mig_init();
222     ram_mig_init();
223     dirty_bitmap_mig_init();
226 void migration_shutdown(void)
228     /*
229      * Cancel the current migration - that will (eventually)
230      * stop the migration using this structure
231      */
232     migrate_fd_cancel(current_migration);
233     object_unref(OBJECT(current_migration));
235     /*
236      * Cancel outgoing migration of dirty bitmaps. It should
237      * at least unref used block nodes.
238      */
239     dirty_bitmap_mig_cancel_outgoing();
241     /*
242      * Cancel incoming migration of dirty bitmaps. Dirty bitmaps
243      * are non-critical data, and their loss never considered as
244      * something serious.
245      */
246     dirty_bitmap_mig_cancel_incoming();
249 /* For outgoing */
250 MigrationState *migrate_get_current(void)
252     /* This can only be called after the object created. */
253     assert(current_migration);
254     return current_migration;
257 MigrationIncomingState *migration_incoming_get_current(void)
259     assert(current_incoming);
260     return current_incoming;
263 void migration_incoming_state_destroy(void)
265     struct MigrationIncomingState *mis = migration_incoming_get_current();
267     if (mis->to_src_file) {
268         /* Tell source that we are done */
269         migrate_send_rp_shut(mis, qemu_file_get_error(mis->from_src_file) != 0);
270         qemu_fclose(mis->to_src_file);
271         mis->to_src_file = NULL;
272     }
274     if (mis->from_src_file) {
275         qemu_fclose(mis->from_src_file);
276         mis->from_src_file = NULL;
277     }
278     if (mis->postcopy_remote_fds) {
279         g_array_free(mis->postcopy_remote_fds, TRUE);
280         mis->postcopy_remote_fds = NULL;
281     }
283     qemu_event_reset(&mis->main_thread_load_event);
285     if (mis->page_requested) {
286         g_tree_destroy(mis->page_requested);
287         mis->page_requested = NULL;
288     }
290     if (mis->socket_address_list) {
291         qapi_free_SocketAddressList(mis->socket_address_list);
292         mis->socket_address_list = NULL;
293     }
295     yank_unregister_instance(MIGRATION_YANK_INSTANCE);
298 static void migrate_generate_event(int new_state)
300     if (migrate_use_events()) {
301         qapi_event_send_migration(new_state);
302     }
305 static bool migrate_late_block_activate(void)
307     MigrationState *s;
309     s = migrate_get_current();
311     return s->enabled_capabilities[
312         MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_LATE_BLOCK_ACTIVATE];
316  * Send a message on the return channel back to the source
317  * of the migration.
318  */
319 static int migrate_send_rp_message(MigrationIncomingState *mis,
320                                    enum mig_rp_message_type message_type,
321                                    uint16_t len, void *data)
323     int ret = 0;
325     trace_migrate_send_rp_message((int)message_type, len);
326     QEMU_LOCK_GUARD(&mis->rp_mutex);
328     /*
329      * It's possible that the file handle got lost due to network
330      * failures.
331      */
332     if (!mis->to_src_file) {
333         ret = -EIO;
334         return ret;
335     }
337     qemu_put_be16(mis->to_src_file, (unsigned int)message_type);
338     qemu_put_be16(mis->to_src_file, len);
339     qemu_put_buffer(mis->to_src_file, data, len);
340     qemu_fflush(mis->to_src_file);
342     /* It's possible that qemu file got error during sending */
343     ret = qemu_file_get_error(mis->to_src_file);
345     return ret;
348 /* Request one page from the source VM at the given start address.
349  *   rb: the RAMBlock to request the page in
350  *   Start: Address offset within the RB
351  *   Len: Length in bytes required - must be a multiple of pagesize
352  */
353 int migrate_send_rp_message_req_pages(MigrationIncomingState *mis,
354                                       RAMBlock *rb, ram_addr_t start)
356     uint8_t bufc[12 + 1 + 255]; /* start (8), len (4), rbname up to 256 */
357     size_t msglen = 12; /* start + len */
358     size_t len = qemu_ram_pagesize(rb);
359     enum mig_rp_message_type msg_type;
360     const char *rbname;
361     int rbname_len;
363     *(uint64_t *)bufc = cpu_to_be64((uint64_t)start);
364     *(uint32_t *)(bufc + 8) = cpu_to_be32((uint32_t)len);
366     /*
367      * We maintain the last ramblock that we requested for page.  Note that we
368      * don't need locking because this function will only be called within the
369      * postcopy ram fault thread.
370      */
371     if (rb != mis->last_rb) {
372         mis->last_rb = rb;
374         rbname = qemu_ram_get_idstr(rb);
375         rbname_len = strlen(rbname);
377         assert(rbname_len < 256);
379         bufc[msglen++] = rbname_len;
380         memcpy(bufc + msglen, rbname, rbname_len);
381         msglen += rbname_len;
382         msg_type = MIG_RP_MSG_REQ_PAGES_ID;
383     } else {
384         msg_type = MIG_RP_MSG_REQ_PAGES;
385     }
387     return migrate_send_rp_message(mis, msg_type, msglen, bufc);
390 int migrate_send_rp_req_pages(MigrationIncomingState *mis,
391                               RAMBlock *rb, ram_addr_t start, uint64_t haddr)
393     void *aligned = (void *)(uintptr_t)(haddr & (-qemu_ram_pagesize(rb)));
394     bool received = false;
396     WITH_QEMU_LOCK_GUARD(&mis->page_request_mutex) {
397         received = ramblock_recv_bitmap_test_byte_offset(rb, start);
398         if (!received && !g_tree_lookup(mis->page_requested, aligned)) {
399             /*
400              * The page has not been received, and it's not yet in the page
401              * request list.  Queue it.  Set the value of element to 1, so that
402              * things like g_tree_lookup() will return TRUE (1) when found.
403              */
404             g_tree_insert(mis->page_requested, aligned, (gpointer)1);
405             mis->page_requested_count++;
406             trace_postcopy_page_req_add(aligned, mis->page_requested_count);
407         }
408     }
410     /*
411      * If the page is there, skip sending the message.  We don't even need the
412      * lock because as long as the page arrived, it'll be there forever.
413      */
414     if (received) {
415         return 0;
416     }
418     return migrate_send_rp_message_req_pages(mis, rb, start);
421 static bool migration_colo_enabled;
422 bool migration_incoming_colo_enabled(void)
424     return migration_colo_enabled;
427 void migration_incoming_disable_colo(void)
429     ram_block_discard_disable(false);
430     migration_colo_enabled = false;
433 int migration_incoming_enable_colo(void)
435     if (ram_block_discard_disable(true)) {
436         error_report("COLO: cannot disable RAM discard");
437         return -EBUSY;
438     }
439     migration_colo_enabled = true;
440     return 0;
443 void migrate_add_address(SocketAddress *address)
445     MigrationIncomingState *mis = migration_incoming_get_current();
447     QAPI_LIST_PREPEND(mis->socket_address_list,
448                       QAPI_CLONE(SocketAddress, address));
451 static void qemu_start_incoming_migration(const char *uri, Error **errp)
453     const char *p = NULL;
455     if (!yank_register_instance(MIGRATION_YANK_INSTANCE, errp)) {
456         return;
457     }
459     qapi_event_send_migration(MIGRATION_STATUS_SETUP);
460     if (strstart(uri, "tcp:", &p) ||
461         strstart(uri, "unix:", NULL) ||
462         strstart(uri, "vsock:", NULL)) {
463         socket_start_incoming_migration(p ? p : uri, errp);
464 #ifdef CONFIG_RDMA
465     } else if (strstart(uri, "rdma:", &p)) {
466         rdma_start_incoming_migration(p, errp);
467 #endif
468     } else if (strstart(uri, "exec:", &p)) {
469         exec_start_incoming_migration(p, errp);
470     } else if (strstart(uri, "fd:", &p)) {
471         fd_start_incoming_migration(p, errp);
472     } else {
473         yank_unregister_instance(MIGRATION_YANK_INSTANCE);
474         error_setg(errp, "unknown migration protocol: %s", uri);
475     }
478 static void process_incoming_migration_bh(void *opaque)
480     Error *local_err = NULL;
481     MigrationIncomingState *mis = opaque;
483     /* If capability late_block_activate is set:
484      * Only fire up the block code now if we're going to restart the
485      * VM, else 'cont' will do it.
486      * This causes file locking to happen; so we don't want it to happen
487      * unless we really are starting the VM.
488      */
489     if (!migrate_late_block_activate() ||
490          (autostart && (!global_state_received() ||
491             global_state_get_runstate() == RUN_STATE_RUNNING))) {
492         /* Make sure all file formats flush their mutable metadata.
493          * If we get an error here, just don't restart the VM yet. */
494         bdrv_invalidate_cache_all(&local_err);
495         if (local_err) {
496             error_report_err(local_err);
497             local_err = NULL;
498             autostart = false;
499         }
500     }
502     /*
503      * This must happen after all error conditions are dealt with and
504      * we're sure the VM is going to be running on this host.
505      */
506     qemu_announce_self(&mis->announce_timer, migrate_announce_params());
508     if (multifd_load_cleanup(&local_err) != 0) {
509         error_report_err(local_err);
510         autostart = false;
511     }
512     /* If global state section was not received or we are in running
513        state, we need to obey autostart. Any other state is set with
514        runstate_set. */
516     dirty_bitmap_mig_before_vm_start();
518     if (!global_state_received() ||
519         global_state_get_runstate() == RUN_STATE_RUNNING) {
520         if (autostart) {
521             vm_start();
522         } else {
523             runstate_set(RUN_STATE_PAUSED);
524         }
525     } else if (migration_incoming_colo_enabled()) {
526         migration_incoming_disable_colo();
527         vm_start();
528     } else {
529         runstate_set(global_state_get_runstate());
530     }
531     /*
532      * This must happen after any state changes since as soon as an external
533      * observer sees this event they might start to prod at the VM assuming
534      * it's ready to use.
535      */
536     migrate_set_state(&mis->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_ACTIVE,
537                       MIGRATION_STATUS_COMPLETED);
538     qemu_bh_delete(mis->bh);
539     migration_incoming_state_destroy();
542 static void process_incoming_migration_co(void *opaque)
544     MigrationIncomingState *mis = migration_incoming_get_current();
545     PostcopyState ps;
546     int ret;
547     Error *local_err = NULL;
549     assert(mis->from_src_file);
550     mis->migration_incoming_co = qemu_coroutine_self();
551     mis->largest_page_size = qemu_ram_pagesize_largest();
552     postcopy_state_set(POSTCOPY_INCOMING_NONE);
553     migrate_set_state(&mis->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_NONE,
554                       MIGRATION_STATUS_ACTIVE);
555     ret = qemu_loadvm_state(mis->from_src_file);
557     ps = postcopy_state_get();
558     trace_process_incoming_migration_co_end(ret, ps);
559     if (ps != POSTCOPY_INCOMING_NONE) {
560         if (ps == POSTCOPY_INCOMING_ADVISE) {
561             /*
562              * Where a migration had postcopy enabled (and thus went to advise)
563              * but managed to complete within the precopy period, we can use
564              * the normal exit.
565              */
566             postcopy_ram_incoming_cleanup(mis);
567         } else if (ret >= 0) {
568             /*
569              * Postcopy was started, cleanup should happen at the end of the
570              * postcopy thread.
571              */
572             trace_process_incoming_migration_co_postcopy_end_main();
573             return;
574         }
575         /* Else if something went wrong then just fall out of the normal exit */
576     }
578     /* we get COLO info, and know if we are in COLO mode */
579     if (!ret && migration_incoming_colo_enabled()) {
580         /* Make sure all file formats flush their mutable metadata */
581         bdrv_invalidate_cache_all(&local_err);
582         if (local_err) {
583             error_report_err(local_err);
584             goto fail;
585         }
587         qemu_thread_create(&mis->colo_incoming_thread, "COLO incoming",
588              colo_process_incoming_thread, mis, QEMU_THREAD_JOINABLE);
589         mis->have_colo_incoming_thread = true;
590         qemu_coroutine_yield();
592         /* Wait checkpoint incoming thread exit before free resource */
593         qemu_thread_join(&mis->colo_incoming_thread);
594         /* We hold the global iothread lock, so it is safe here */
595         colo_release_ram_cache();
596     }
598     if (ret < 0) {
599         error_report("load of migration failed: %s", strerror(-ret));
600         goto fail;
601     }
602     mis->bh = qemu_bh_new(process_incoming_migration_bh, mis);
603     qemu_bh_schedule(mis->bh);
604     mis->migration_incoming_co = NULL;
605     return;
606 fail:
607     local_err = NULL;
608     migrate_set_state(&mis->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_ACTIVE,
609                       MIGRATION_STATUS_FAILED);
610     qemu_fclose(mis->from_src_file);
611     if (multifd_load_cleanup(&local_err) != 0) {
612         error_report_err(local_err);
613     }
614     exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
618  * @migration_incoming_setup: Setup incoming migration
620  * Returns 0 for no error or 1 for error
622  * @f: file for main migration channel
623  * @errp: where to put errors
624  */
625 static int migration_incoming_setup(QEMUFile *f, Error **errp)
627     MigrationIncomingState *mis = migration_incoming_get_current();
628     Error *local_err = NULL;
630     if (multifd_load_setup(&local_err) != 0) {
631         /* We haven't been able to create multifd threads
632            nothing better to do */
633         error_report_err(local_err);
634         exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
635     }
637     if (!mis->from_src_file) {
638         mis->from_src_file = f;
639     }
640     qemu_file_set_blocking(f, false);
641     return 0;
644 void migration_incoming_process(void)
646     Coroutine *co = qemu_coroutine_create(process_incoming_migration_co, NULL);
647     qemu_coroutine_enter(co);
650 /* Returns true if recovered from a paused migration, otherwise false */
651 static bool postcopy_try_recover(QEMUFile *f)
653     MigrationIncomingState *mis = migration_incoming_get_current();
655     if (mis->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_PAUSED) {
656         /* Resumed from a paused postcopy migration */
658         mis->from_src_file = f;
659         /* Postcopy has standalone thread to do vm load */
660         qemu_file_set_blocking(f, true);
662         /* Re-configure the return path */
663         mis->to_src_file = qemu_file_get_return_path(f);
665         migrate_set_state(&mis->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_PAUSED,
666                           MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_RECOVER);
668         /*
669          * Here, we only wake up the main loading thread (while the
670          * fault thread will still be waiting), so that we can receive
671          * commands from source now, and answer it if needed. The
672          * fault thread will be woken up afterwards until we are sure
673          * that source is ready to reply to page requests.
674          */
675         qemu_sem_post(&mis->postcopy_pause_sem_dst);
676         return true;
677     }
679     return false;
682 void migration_fd_process_incoming(QEMUFile *f, Error **errp)
684     Error *local_err = NULL;
686     if (postcopy_try_recover(f)) {
687         return;
688     }
690     if (migration_incoming_setup(f, &local_err)) {
691         error_propagate(errp, local_err);
692         return;
693     }
694     migration_incoming_process();
697 void migration_ioc_process_incoming(QIOChannel *ioc, Error **errp)
699     MigrationIncomingState *mis = migration_incoming_get_current();
700     Error *local_err = NULL;
701     bool start_migration;
703     if (!mis->from_src_file) {
704         /* The first connection (multifd may have multiple) */
705         QEMUFile *f = qemu_fopen_channel_input(ioc);
707         /* If it's a recovery, we're done */
708         if (postcopy_try_recover(f)) {
709             return;
710         }
712         if (migration_incoming_setup(f, &local_err)) {
713             error_propagate(errp, local_err);
714             return;
715         }
717         /*
718          * Common migration only needs one channel, so we can start
719          * right now.  Multifd needs more than one channel, we wait.
720          */
721         start_migration = !migrate_use_multifd();
722     } else {
723         /* Multiple connections */
724         assert(migrate_use_multifd());
725         start_migration = multifd_recv_new_channel(ioc, &local_err);
726         if (local_err) {
727             error_propagate(errp, local_err);
728             return;
729         }
730     }
732     if (start_migration) {
733         migration_incoming_process();
734     }
738  * @migration_has_all_channels: We have received all channels that we need
740  * Returns true when we have got connections to all the channels that
741  * we need for migration.
742  */
743 bool migration_has_all_channels(void)
745     MigrationIncomingState *mis = migration_incoming_get_current();
746     bool all_channels;
748     all_channels = multifd_recv_all_channels_created();
750     return all_channels && mis->from_src_file != NULL;
754  * Send a 'SHUT' message on the return channel with the given value
755  * to indicate that we've finished with the RP.  Non-0 value indicates
756  * error.
757  */
758 void migrate_send_rp_shut(MigrationIncomingState *mis,
759                           uint32_t value)
761     uint32_t buf;
763     buf = cpu_to_be32(value);
764     migrate_send_rp_message(mis, MIG_RP_MSG_SHUT, sizeof(buf), &buf);
768  * Send a 'PONG' message on the return channel with the given value
769  * (normally in response to a 'PING')
770  */
771 void migrate_send_rp_pong(MigrationIncomingState *mis,
772                           uint32_t value)
774     uint32_t buf;
776     buf = cpu_to_be32(value);
777     migrate_send_rp_message(mis, MIG_RP_MSG_PONG, sizeof(buf), &buf);
780 void migrate_send_rp_recv_bitmap(MigrationIncomingState *mis,
781                                  char *block_name)
783     char buf[512];
784     int len;
785     int64_t res;
787     /*
788      * First, we send the header part. It contains only the len of
789      * idstr, and the idstr itself.
790      */
791     len = strlen(block_name);
792     buf[0] = len;
793     memcpy(buf + 1, block_name, len);
795     if (mis->state != MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_RECOVER) {
796         error_report("%s: MSG_RP_RECV_BITMAP only used for recovery",
797                      __func__);
798         return;
799     }
801     migrate_send_rp_message(mis, MIG_RP_MSG_RECV_BITMAP, len + 1, buf);
803     /*
804      * Next, we dump the received bitmap to the stream.
805      *
806      * TODO: currently we are safe since we are the only one that is
807      * using the to_src_file handle (fault thread is still paused),
808      * and it's ok even not taking the mutex. However the best way is
809      * to take the lock before sending the message header, and release
810      * the lock after sending the bitmap.
811      */
812     qemu_mutex_lock(&mis->rp_mutex);
813     res = ramblock_recv_bitmap_send(mis->to_src_file, block_name);
814     qemu_mutex_unlock(&mis->rp_mutex);
816     trace_migrate_send_rp_recv_bitmap(block_name, res);
819 void migrate_send_rp_resume_ack(MigrationIncomingState *mis, uint32_t value)
821     uint32_t buf;
823     buf = cpu_to_be32(value);
824     migrate_send_rp_message(mis, MIG_RP_MSG_RESUME_ACK, sizeof(buf), &buf);
827 MigrationCapabilityStatusList *qmp_query_migrate_capabilities(Error **errp)
829     MigrationCapabilityStatusList *head = NULL, **tail = &head;
830     MigrationCapabilityStatus *caps;
831     MigrationState *s = migrate_get_current();
832     int i;
834     for (i = 0; i < MIGRATION_CAPABILITY__MAX; i++) {
835 #ifndef CONFIG_LIVE_BLOCK_MIGRATION
836         if (i == MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_BLOCK) {
837             continue;
838         }
839 #endif
840         caps = g_malloc0(sizeof(*caps));
841         caps->capability = i;
842         caps->state = s->enabled_capabilities[i];
843         QAPI_LIST_APPEND(tail, caps);
844     }
846     return head;
849 MigrationParameters *qmp_query_migrate_parameters(Error **errp)
851     MigrationParameters *params;
852     MigrationState *s = migrate_get_current();
854     /* TODO use QAPI_CLONE() instead of duplicating it inline */
855     params = g_malloc0(sizeof(*params));
856     params->has_compress_level = true;
857     params->compress_level = s->parameters.compress_level;
858     params->has_compress_threads = true;
859     params->compress_threads = s->parameters.compress_threads;
860     params->has_compress_wait_thread = true;
861     params->compress_wait_thread = s->parameters.compress_wait_thread;
862     params->has_decompress_threads = true;
863     params->decompress_threads = s->parameters.decompress_threads;
864     params->has_throttle_trigger_threshold = true;
865     params->throttle_trigger_threshold = s->parameters.throttle_trigger_threshold;
866     params->has_cpu_throttle_initial = true;
867     params->cpu_throttle_initial = s->parameters.cpu_throttle_initial;
868     params->has_cpu_throttle_increment = true;
869     params->cpu_throttle_increment = s->parameters.cpu_throttle_increment;
870     params->has_cpu_throttle_tailslow = true;
871     params->cpu_throttle_tailslow = s->parameters.cpu_throttle_tailslow;
872     params->has_tls_creds = true;
873     params->tls_creds = g_strdup(s->parameters.tls_creds);
874     params->has_tls_hostname = true;
875     params->tls_hostname = g_strdup(s->parameters.tls_hostname);
876     params->has_tls_authz = true;
877     params->tls_authz = g_strdup(s->parameters.tls_authz ?
878                                  s->parameters.tls_authz : "");
879     params->has_max_bandwidth = true;
880     params->max_bandwidth = s->parameters.max_bandwidth;
881     params->has_downtime_limit = true;
882     params->downtime_limit = s->parameters.downtime_limit;
883     params->has_x_checkpoint_delay = true;
884     params->x_checkpoint_delay = s->parameters.x_checkpoint_delay;
885     params->has_block_incremental = true;
886     params->block_incremental = s->parameters.block_incremental;
887     params->has_multifd_channels = true;
888     params->multifd_channels = s->parameters.multifd_channels;
889     params->has_multifd_compression = true;
890     params->multifd_compression = s->parameters.multifd_compression;
891     params->has_multifd_zlib_level = true;
892     params->multifd_zlib_level = s->parameters.multifd_zlib_level;
893     params->has_multifd_zstd_level = true;
894     params->multifd_zstd_level = s->parameters.multifd_zstd_level;
895     params->has_xbzrle_cache_size = true;
896     params->xbzrle_cache_size = s->parameters.xbzrle_cache_size;
897     params->has_max_postcopy_bandwidth = true;
898     params->max_postcopy_bandwidth = s->parameters.max_postcopy_bandwidth;
899     params->has_max_cpu_throttle = true;
900     params->max_cpu_throttle = s->parameters.max_cpu_throttle;
901     params->has_announce_initial = true;
902     params->announce_initial = s->parameters.announce_initial;
903     params->has_announce_max = true;
904     params->announce_max = s->parameters.announce_max;
905     params->has_announce_rounds = true;
906     params->announce_rounds = s->parameters.announce_rounds;
907     params->has_announce_step = true;
908     params->announce_step = s->parameters.announce_step;
910     if (s->parameters.has_block_bitmap_mapping) {
911         params->has_block_bitmap_mapping = true;
912         params->block_bitmap_mapping =
913             QAPI_CLONE(BitmapMigrationNodeAliasList,
914                        s->parameters.block_bitmap_mapping);
915     }
917     return params;
920 AnnounceParameters *migrate_announce_params(void)
922     static AnnounceParameters ap;
924     MigrationState *s = migrate_get_current();
926     ap.initial = s->parameters.announce_initial;
927     ap.max = s->parameters.announce_max;
928     ap.rounds = s->parameters.announce_rounds;
929     ap.step = s->parameters.announce_step;
931     return &ap;
935  * Return true if we're already in the middle of a migration
936  * (i.e. any of the active or setup states)
937  */
938 bool migration_is_setup_or_active(int state)
940     switch (state) {
941     case MIGRATION_STATUS_ACTIVE:
942     case MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE:
943     case MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_PAUSED:
944     case MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_RECOVER:
945     case MIGRATION_STATUS_SETUP:
946     case MIGRATION_STATUS_PRE_SWITCHOVER:
947     case MIGRATION_STATUS_DEVICE:
948     case MIGRATION_STATUS_WAIT_UNPLUG:
949     case MIGRATION_STATUS_COLO:
950         return true;
952     default:
953         return false;
955     }
958 bool migration_is_running(int state)
960     switch (state) {
961     case MIGRATION_STATUS_ACTIVE:
962     case MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE:
963     case MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_PAUSED:
964     case MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_RECOVER:
965     case MIGRATION_STATUS_SETUP:
966     case MIGRATION_STATUS_PRE_SWITCHOVER:
967     case MIGRATION_STATUS_DEVICE:
968     case MIGRATION_STATUS_WAIT_UNPLUG:
969     case MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLING:
970         return true;
972     default:
973         return false;
975     }
978 static void populate_time_info(MigrationInfo *info, MigrationState *s)
980     info->has_status = true;
981     info->has_setup_time = true;
982     info->setup_time = s->setup_time;
983     if (s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_COMPLETED) {
984         info->has_total_time = true;
985         info->total_time = s->total_time;
986         info->has_downtime = true;
987         info->downtime = s->downtime;
988     } else {
989         info->has_total_time = true;
990         info->total_time = qemu_clock_get_ms(QEMU_CLOCK_REALTIME) -
991                            s->start_time;
992         info->has_expected_downtime = true;
993         info->expected_downtime = s->expected_downtime;
994     }
997 static void populate_ram_info(MigrationInfo *info, MigrationState *s)
999     info->has_ram = true;
1000     info->ram = g_malloc0(sizeof(*info->ram));
1001     info->ram->transferred = ram_counters.transferred;
1002     info->ram->total = ram_bytes_total();
1003     info->ram->duplicate = ram_counters.duplicate;
1004     /* legacy value.  It is not used anymore */
1005     info->ram->skipped = 0;
1006     info->ram->normal = ram_counters.normal;
1007     info->ram->normal_bytes = ram_counters.normal *
1008         qemu_target_page_size();
1009     info->ram->mbps = s->mbps;
1010     info->ram->dirty_sync_count = ram_counters.dirty_sync_count;
1011     info->ram->postcopy_requests = ram_counters.postcopy_requests;
1012     info->ram->page_size = qemu_target_page_size();
1013     info->ram->multifd_bytes = ram_counters.multifd_bytes;
1014     info->ram->pages_per_second = s->pages_per_second;
1016     if (migrate_use_xbzrle()) {
1017         info->has_xbzrle_cache = true;
1018         info->xbzrle_cache = g_malloc0(sizeof(*info->xbzrle_cache));
1019         info->xbzrle_cache->cache_size = migrate_xbzrle_cache_size();
1020         info->xbzrle_cache->bytes = xbzrle_counters.bytes;
1021         info->xbzrle_cache->pages = xbzrle_counters.pages;
1022         info->xbzrle_cache->cache_miss = xbzrle_counters.cache_miss;
1023         info->xbzrle_cache->cache_miss_rate = xbzrle_counters.cache_miss_rate;
1024         info->xbzrle_cache->encoding_rate = xbzrle_counters.encoding_rate;
1025         info->xbzrle_cache->overflow = xbzrle_counters.overflow;
1026     }
1028     if (migrate_use_compression()) {
1029         info->has_compression = true;
1030         info->compression = g_malloc0(sizeof(*info->compression));
1031         info->compression->pages = compression_counters.pages;
1032         info->compression->busy = compression_counters.busy;
1033         info->compression->busy_rate = compression_counters.busy_rate;
1034         info->compression->compressed_size =
1035                                     compression_counters.compressed_size;
1036         info->compression->compression_rate =
1037                                     compression_counters.compression_rate;
1038     }
1040     if (cpu_throttle_active()) {
1041         info->has_cpu_throttle_percentage = true;
1042         info->cpu_throttle_percentage = cpu_throttle_get_percentage();
1043     }
1045     if (s->state != MIGRATION_STATUS_COMPLETED) {
1046         info->ram->remaining = ram_bytes_remaining();
1047         info->ram->dirty_pages_rate = ram_counters.dirty_pages_rate;
1048     }
1051 static void populate_disk_info(MigrationInfo *info)
1053     if (blk_mig_active()) {
1054         info->has_disk = true;
1055         info->disk = g_malloc0(sizeof(*info->disk));
1056         info->disk->transferred = blk_mig_bytes_transferred();
1057         info->disk->remaining = blk_mig_bytes_remaining();
1058         info->disk->total = blk_mig_bytes_total();
1059     }
1062 static void populate_vfio_info(MigrationInfo *info)
1064 #ifdef CONFIG_VFIO
1065     if (vfio_mig_active()) {
1066         info->has_vfio = true;
1067         info->vfio = g_malloc0(sizeof(*info->vfio));
1068         info->vfio->transferred = vfio_mig_bytes_transferred();
1069     }
1070 #endif
1073 static void fill_source_migration_info(MigrationInfo *info)
1075     MigrationState *s = migrate_get_current();
1077     info->blocked = migration_is_blocked(NULL);
1078     info->has_blocked_reasons = info->blocked;
1079     info->blocked_reasons = NULL;
1080     if (info->blocked) {
1081         GSList *cur_blocker = migration_blockers;
1083         /*
1084          * There are two types of reasons a migration might be blocked;
1085          * a) devices marked in VMState as non-migratable, and
1086          * b) Explicit migration blockers
1087          * We need to add both of them here.
1088          */
1089         qemu_savevm_non_migratable_list(&info->blocked_reasons);
1091         while (cur_blocker) {
1092             QAPI_LIST_PREPEND(info->blocked_reasons,
1093                               g_strdup(error_get_pretty(cur_blocker->data)));
1094             cur_blocker = g_slist_next(cur_blocker);
1095         }
1096     }
1098     switch (s->state) {
1099     case MIGRATION_STATUS_NONE:
1100         /* no migration has happened ever */
1101         /* do not overwrite destination migration status */
1102         return;
1103     case MIGRATION_STATUS_SETUP:
1104         info->has_status = true;
1105         info->has_total_time = false;
1106         break;
1107     case MIGRATION_STATUS_ACTIVE:
1108     case MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLING:
1109     case MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE:
1110     case MIGRATION_STATUS_PRE_SWITCHOVER:
1111     case MIGRATION_STATUS_DEVICE:
1112     case MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_PAUSED:
1113     case MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_RECOVER:
1114         /* TODO add some postcopy stats */
1115         populate_time_info(info, s);
1116         populate_ram_info(info, s);
1117         populate_disk_info(info);
1118         populate_vfio_info(info);
1119         break;
1120     case MIGRATION_STATUS_COLO:
1121         info->has_status = true;
1122         /* TODO: display COLO specific information (checkpoint info etc.) */
1123         break;
1124     case MIGRATION_STATUS_COMPLETED:
1125         populate_time_info(info, s);
1126         populate_ram_info(info, s);
1127         populate_vfio_info(info);
1128         break;
1129     case MIGRATION_STATUS_FAILED:
1130         info->has_status = true;
1131         if (s->error) {
1132             info->has_error_desc = true;
1133             info->error_desc = g_strdup(error_get_pretty(s->error));
1134         }
1135         break;
1136     case MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLED:
1137         info->has_status = true;
1138         break;
1139     case MIGRATION_STATUS_WAIT_UNPLUG:
1140         info->has_status = true;
1141         break;
1142     }
1143     info->status = s->state;
1146 typedef enum WriteTrackingSupport {
1147     WT_SUPPORT_UNKNOWN = 0,
1148     WT_SUPPORT_ABSENT,
1149     WT_SUPPORT_AVAILABLE,
1150     WT_SUPPORT_COMPATIBLE
1151 } WriteTrackingSupport;
1153 static
1154 WriteTrackingSupport migrate_query_write_tracking(void)
1156     /* Check if kernel supports required UFFD features */
1157     if (!ram_write_tracking_available()) {
1158         return WT_SUPPORT_ABSENT;
1159     }
1160     /*
1161      * Check if current memory configuration is
1162      * compatible with required UFFD features.
1163      */
1164     if (!ram_write_tracking_compatible()) {
1165         return WT_SUPPORT_AVAILABLE;
1166     }
1168     return WT_SUPPORT_COMPATIBLE;
1172  * @migration_caps_check - check capability validity
1174  * @cap_list: old capability list, array of bool
1175  * @params: new capabilities to be applied soon
1176  * @errp: set *errp if the check failed, with reason
1178  * Returns true if check passed, otherwise false.
1179  */
1180 static bool migrate_caps_check(bool *cap_list,
1181                                MigrationCapabilityStatusList *params,
1182                                Error **errp)
1184     MigrationCapabilityStatusList *cap;
1185     bool old_postcopy_cap;
1186     MigrationIncomingState *mis = migration_incoming_get_current();
1188     old_postcopy_cap = cap_list[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_POSTCOPY_RAM];
1190     for (cap = params; cap; cap = cap->next) {
1191         cap_list[cap->value->capability] = cap->value->state;
1192     }
1194 #ifndef CONFIG_LIVE_BLOCK_MIGRATION
1195     if (cap_list[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_BLOCK]) {
1196         error_setg(errp, "QEMU compiled without old-style (blk/-b, inc/-i) "
1197                    "block migration");
1198         error_append_hint(errp, "Use drive_mirror+NBD instead.\n");
1199         return false;
1200     }
1201 #endif
1203 #ifndef CONFIG_REPLICATION
1204     if (cap_list[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_X_COLO]) {
1205         error_setg(errp, "QEMU compiled without replication module"
1206                    " can't enable COLO");
1207         error_append_hint(errp, "Please enable replication before COLO.\n");
1208         return false;
1209     }
1210 #endif
1212     if (cap_list[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_POSTCOPY_RAM]) {
1213         /* This check is reasonably expensive, so only when it's being
1214          * set the first time, also it's only the destination that needs
1215          * special support.
1216          */
1217         if (!old_postcopy_cap && runstate_check(RUN_STATE_INMIGRATE) &&
1218             !postcopy_ram_supported_by_host(mis)) {
1219             /* postcopy_ram_supported_by_host will have emitted a more
1220              * detailed message
1221              */
1222             error_setg(errp, "Postcopy is not supported");
1223             return false;
1224         }
1226         if (cap_list[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_X_IGNORE_SHARED]) {
1227             error_setg(errp, "Postcopy is not compatible with ignore-shared");
1228             return false;
1229         }
1230     }
1232     if (cap_list[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_BACKGROUND_SNAPSHOT]) {
1233         WriteTrackingSupport wt_support;
1234         int idx;
1235         /*
1236          * Check if 'background-snapshot' capability is supported by
1237          * host kernel and compatible with guest memory configuration.
1238          */
1239         wt_support = migrate_query_write_tracking();
1240         if (wt_support < WT_SUPPORT_AVAILABLE) {
1241             error_setg(errp, "Background-snapshot is not supported by host kernel");
1242             return false;
1243         }
1244         if (wt_support < WT_SUPPORT_COMPATIBLE) {
1245             error_setg(errp, "Background-snapshot is not compatible "
1246                     "with guest memory configuration");
1247             return false;
1248         }
1250         /*
1251          * Check if there are any migration capabilities
1252          * incompatible with 'background-snapshot'.
1253          */
1254         for (idx = 0; idx < check_caps_background_snapshot.size; idx++) {
1255             int incomp_cap = check_caps_background_snapshot.caps[idx];
1256             if (cap_list[incomp_cap]) {
1257                 error_setg(errp,
1258                         "Background-snapshot is not compatible with %s",
1259                         MigrationCapability_str(incomp_cap));
1260                 return false;
1261             }
1262         }
1263     }
1265     return true;
1268 static void fill_destination_migration_info(MigrationInfo *info)
1270     MigrationIncomingState *mis = migration_incoming_get_current();
1272     if (mis->socket_address_list) {
1273         info->has_socket_address = true;
1274         info->socket_address =
1275             QAPI_CLONE(SocketAddressList, mis->socket_address_list);
1276     }
1278     switch (mis->state) {
1279     case MIGRATION_STATUS_NONE:
1280         return;
1281     case MIGRATION_STATUS_SETUP:
1282     case MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLING:
1283     case MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLED:
1284     case MIGRATION_STATUS_ACTIVE:
1285     case MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE:
1286     case MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_PAUSED:
1287     case MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_RECOVER:
1288     case MIGRATION_STATUS_FAILED:
1289     case MIGRATION_STATUS_COLO:
1290         info->has_status = true;
1291         break;
1292     case MIGRATION_STATUS_COMPLETED:
1293         info->has_status = true;
1294         fill_destination_postcopy_migration_info(info);
1295         break;
1296     }
1297     info->status = mis->state;
1300 MigrationInfo *qmp_query_migrate(Error **errp)
1302     MigrationInfo *info = g_malloc0(sizeof(*info));
1304     fill_destination_migration_info(info);
1305     fill_source_migration_info(info);
1307     return info;
1310 void qmp_migrate_set_capabilities(MigrationCapabilityStatusList *params,
1311                                   Error **errp)
1313     MigrationState *s = migrate_get_current();
1314     MigrationCapabilityStatusList *cap;
1315     bool cap_list[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY__MAX];
1317     if (migration_is_running(s->state)) {
1318         error_setg(errp, QERR_MIGRATION_ACTIVE);
1319         return;
1320     }
1322     memcpy(cap_list, s->enabled_capabilities, sizeof(cap_list));
1323     if (!migrate_caps_check(cap_list, params, errp)) {
1324         return;
1325     }
1327     for (cap = params; cap; cap = cap->next) {
1328         s->enabled_capabilities[cap->value->capability] = cap->value->state;
1329     }
1333  * Check whether the parameters are valid. Error will be put into errp
1334  * (if provided). Return true if valid, otherwise false.
1335  */
1336 static bool migrate_params_check(MigrationParameters *params, Error **errp)
1338     if (params->has_compress_level &&
1339         (params->compress_level > 9)) {
1340         error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE, "compress_level",
1341                    "a value between 0 and 9");
1342         return false;
1343     }
1345     if (params->has_compress_threads && (params->compress_threads < 1)) {
1346         error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE,
1347                    "compress_threads",
1348                    "a value between 1 and 255");
1349         return false;
1350     }
1352     if (params->has_decompress_threads && (params->decompress_threads < 1)) {
1353         error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE,
1354                    "decompress_threads",
1355                    "a value between 1 and 255");
1356         return false;
1357     }
1359     if (params->has_throttle_trigger_threshold &&
1360         (params->throttle_trigger_threshold < 1 ||
1361          params->throttle_trigger_threshold > 100)) {
1362         error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE,
1363                    "throttle_trigger_threshold",
1364                    "an integer in the range of 1 to 100");
1365         return false;
1366     }
1368     if (params->has_cpu_throttle_initial &&
1369         (params->cpu_throttle_initial < 1 ||
1370          params->cpu_throttle_initial > 99)) {
1371         error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE,
1372                    "cpu_throttle_initial",
1373                    "an integer in the range of 1 to 99");
1374         return false;
1375     }
1377     if (params->has_cpu_throttle_increment &&
1378         (params->cpu_throttle_increment < 1 ||
1379          params->cpu_throttle_increment > 99)) {
1380         error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE,
1381                    "cpu_throttle_increment",
1382                    "an integer in the range of 1 to 99");
1383         return false;
1384     }
1386     if (params->has_max_bandwidth && (params->max_bandwidth > SIZE_MAX)) {
1387         error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE,
1388                    "max_bandwidth",
1389                    "an integer in the range of 0 to "stringify(SIZE_MAX)
1390                    " bytes/second");
1391         return false;
1392     }
1394     if (params->has_downtime_limit &&
1395         (params->downtime_limit > MAX_MIGRATE_DOWNTIME)) {
1396         error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE,
1397                    "downtime_limit",
1398                    "an integer in the range of 0 to "
1399                     stringify(MAX_MIGRATE_DOWNTIME)" ms");
1400         return false;
1401     }
1403     /* x_checkpoint_delay is now always positive */
1405     if (params->has_multifd_channels && (params->multifd_channels < 1)) {
1406         error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE,
1407                    "multifd_channels",
1408                    "a value between 1 and 255");
1409         return false;
1410     }
1412     if (params->has_multifd_zlib_level &&
1413         (params->multifd_zlib_level > 9)) {
1414         error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE, "multifd_zlib_level",
1415                    "a value between 0 and 9");
1416         return false;
1417     }
1419     if (params->has_multifd_zstd_level &&
1420         (params->multifd_zstd_level > 20)) {
1421         error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE, "multifd_zstd_level",
1422                    "a value between 0 and 20");
1423         return false;
1424     }
1426     if (params->has_xbzrle_cache_size &&
1427         (params->xbzrle_cache_size < qemu_target_page_size() ||
1428          !is_power_of_2(params->xbzrle_cache_size))) {
1429         error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE,
1430                    "xbzrle_cache_size",
1431                    "a power of two no less than the target page size");
1432         return false;
1433     }
1435     if (params->has_max_cpu_throttle &&
1436         (params->max_cpu_throttle < params->cpu_throttle_initial ||
1437          params->max_cpu_throttle > 99)) {
1438         error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE,
1439                    "max_cpu_throttle",
1440                    "an integer in the range of cpu_throttle_initial to 99");
1441         return false;
1442     }
1444     if (params->has_announce_initial &&
1445         params->announce_initial > 100000) {
1446         error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE,
1447                    "announce_initial",
1448                    "a value between 0 and 100000");
1449         return false;
1450     }
1451     if (params->has_announce_max &&
1452         params->announce_max > 100000) {
1453         error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE,
1454                    "announce_max",
1455                    "a value between 0 and 100000");
1456        return false;
1457     }
1458     if (params->has_announce_rounds &&
1459         params->announce_rounds > 1000) {
1460         error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE,
1461                    "announce_rounds",
1462                    "a value between 0 and 1000");
1463        return false;
1464     }
1465     if (params->has_announce_step &&
1466         (params->announce_step < 1 ||
1467         params->announce_step > 10000)) {
1468         error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE,
1469                    "announce_step",
1470                    "a value between 0 and 10000");
1471        return false;
1472     }
1474     if (params->has_block_bitmap_mapping &&
1475         !check_dirty_bitmap_mig_alias_map(params->block_bitmap_mapping, errp)) {
1476         error_prepend(errp, "Invalid mapping given for block-bitmap-mapping: ");
1477         return false;
1478     }
1480     return true;
1483 static void migrate_params_test_apply(MigrateSetParameters *params,
1484                                       MigrationParameters *dest)
1486     *dest = migrate_get_current()->parameters;
1488     /* TODO use QAPI_CLONE() instead of duplicating it inline */
1490     if (params->has_compress_level) {
1491         dest->compress_level = params->compress_level;
1492     }
1494     if (params->has_compress_threads) {
1495         dest->compress_threads = params->compress_threads;
1496     }
1498     if (params->has_compress_wait_thread) {
1499         dest->compress_wait_thread = params->compress_wait_thread;
1500     }
1502     if (params->has_decompress_threads) {
1503         dest->decompress_threads = params->decompress_threads;
1504     }
1506     if (params->has_throttle_trigger_threshold) {
1507         dest->throttle_trigger_threshold = params->throttle_trigger_threshold;
1508     }
1510     if (params->has_cpu_throttle_initial) {
1511         dest->cpu_throttle_initial = params->cpu_throttle_initial;
1512     }
1514     if (params->has_cpu_throttle_increment) {
1515         dest->cpu_throttle_increment = params->cpu_throttle_increment;
1516     }
1518     if (params->has_cpu_throttle_tailslow) {
1519         dest->cpu_throttle_tailslow = params->cpu_throttle_tailslow;
1520     }
1522     if (params->has_tls_creds) {
1523         assert(params->tls_creds->type == QTYPE_QSTRING);
1524         dest->tls_creds = params->tls_creds->u.s;
1525     }
1527     if (params->has_tls_hostname) {
1528         assert(params->tls_hostname->type == QTYPE_QSTRING);
1529         dest->tls_hostname = params->tls_hostname->u.s;
1530     }
1532     if (params->has_max_bandwidth) {
1533         dest->max_bandwidth = params->max_bandwidth;
1534     }
1536     if (params->has_downtime_limit) {
1537         dest->downtime_limit = params->downtime_limit;
1538     }
1540     if (params->has_x_checkpoint_delay) {
1541         dest->x_checkpoint_delay = params->x_checkpoint_delay;
1542     }
1544     if (params->has_block_incremental) {
1545         dest->block_incremental = params->block_incremental;
1546     }
1547     if (params->has_multifd_channels) {
1548         dest->multifd_channels = params->multifd_channels;
1549     }
1550     if (params->has_multifd_compression) {
1551         dest->multifd_compression = params->multifd_compression;
1552     }
1553     if (params->has_xbzrle_cache_size) {
1554         dest->xbzrle_cache_size = params->xbzrle_cache_size;
1555     }
1556     if (params->has_max_postcopy_bandwidth) {
1557         dest->max_postcopy_bandwidth = params->max_postcopy_bandwidth;
1558     }
1559     if (params->has_max_cpu_throttle) {
1560         dest->max_cpu_throttle = params->max_cpu_throttle;
1561     }
1562     if (params->has_announce_initial) {
1563         dest->announce_initial = params->announce_initial;
1564     }
1565     if (params->has_announce_max) {
1566         dest->announce_max = params->announce_max;
1567     }
1568     if (params->has_announce_rounds) {
1569         dest->announce_rounds = params->announce_rounds;
1570     }
1571     if (params->has_announce_step) {
1572         dest->announce_step = params->announce_step;
1573     }
1575     if (params->has_block_bitmap_mapping) {
1576         dest->has_block_bitmap_mapping = true;
1577         dest->block_bitmap_mapping = params->block_bitmap_mapping;
1578     }
1581 static void migrate_params_apply(MigrateSetParameters *params, Error **errp)
1583     MigrationState *s = migrate_get_current();
1585     /* TODO use QAPI_CLONE() instead of duplicating it inline */
1587     if (params->has_compress_level) {
1588         s->parameters.compress_level = params->compress_level;
1589     }
1591     if (params->has_compress_threads) {
1592         s->parameters.compress_threads = params->compress_threads;
1593     }
1595     if (params->has_compress_wait_thread) {
1596         s->parameters.compress_wait_thread = params->compress_wait_thread;
1597     }
1599     if (params->has_decompress_threads) {
1600         s->parameters.decompress_threads = params->decompress_threads;
1601     }
1603     if (params->has_throttle_trigger_threshold) {
1604         s->parameters.throttle_trigger_threshold = params->throttle_trigger_threshold;
1605     }
1607     if (params->has_cpu_throttle_initial) {
1608         s->parameters.cpu_throttle_initial = params->cpu_throttle_initial;
1609     }
1611     if (params->has_cpu_throttle_increment) {
1612         s->parameters.cpu_throttle_increment = params->cpu_throttle_increment;
1613     }
1615     if (params->has_cpu_throttle_tailslow) {
1616         s->parameters.cpu_throttle_tailslow = params->cpu_throttle_tailslow;
1617     }
1619     if (params->has_tls_creds) {
1620         g_free(s->parameters.tls_creds);
1621         assert(params->tls_creds->type == QTYPE_QSTRING);
1622         s->parameters.tls_creds = g_strdup(params->tls_creds->u.s);
1623     }
1625     if (params->has_tls_hostname) {
1626         g_free(s->parameters.tls_hostname);
1627         assert(params->tls_hostname->type == QTYPE_QSTRING);
1628         s->parameters.tls_hostname = g_strdup(params->tls_hostname->u.s);
1629     }
1631     if (params->has_tls_authz) {
1632         g_free(s->parameters.tls_authz);
1633         assert(params->tls_authz->type == QTYPE_QSTRING);
1634         s->parameters.tls_authz = g_strdup(params->tls_authz->u.s);
1635     }
1637     if (params->has_max_bandwidth) {
1638         s->parameters.max_bandwidth = params->max_bandwidth;
1639         if (s->to_dst_file && !migration_in_postcopy()) {
1640             qemu_file_set_rate_limit(s->to_dst_file,
1641                                 s->parameters.max_bandwidth / XFER_LIMIT_RATIO);
1642         }
1643     }
1645     if (params->has_downtime_limit) {
1646         s->parameters.downtime_limit = params->downtime_limit;
1647     }
1649     if (params->has_x_checkpoint_delay) {
1650         s->parameters.x_checkpoint_delay = params->x_checkpoint_delay;
1651         if (migration_in_colo_state()) {
1652             colo_checkpoint_notify(s);
1653         }
1654     }
1656     if (params->has_block_incremental) {
1657         s->parameters.block_incremental = params->block_incremental;
1658     }
1659     if (params->has_multifd_channels) {
1660         s->parameters.multifd_channels = params->multifd_channels;
1661     }
1662     if (params->has_multifd_compression) {
1663         s->parameters.multifd_compression = params->multifd_compression;
1664     }
1665     if (params->has_xbzrle_cache_size) {
1666         s->parameters.xbzrle_cache_size = params->xbzrle_cache_size;
1667         xbzrle_cache_resize(params->xbzrle_cache_size, errp);
1668     }
1669     if (params->has_max_postcopy_bandwidth) {
1670         s->parameters.max_postcopy_bandwidth = params->max_postcopy_bandwidth;
1671         if (s->to_dst_file && migration_in_postcopy()) {
1672             qemu_file_set_rate_limit(s->to_dst_file,
1673                     s->parameters.max_postcopy_bandwidth / XFER_LIMIT_RATIO);
1674         }
1675     }
1676     if (params->has_max_cpu_throttle) {
1677         s->parameters.max_cpu_throttle = params->max_cpu_throttle;
1678     }
1679     if (params->has_announce_initial) {
1680         s->parameters.announce_initial = params->announce_initial;
1681     }
1682     if (params->has_announce_max) {
1683         s->parameters.announce_max = params->announce_max;
1684     }
1685     if (params->has_announce_rounds) {
1686         s->parameters.announce_rounds = params->announce_rounds;
1687     }
1688     if (params->has_announce_step) {
1689         s->parameters.announce_step = params->announce_step;
1690     }
1692     if (params->has_block_bitmap_mapping) {
1693         qapi_free_BitmapMigrationNodeAliasList(
1694             s->parameters.block_bitmap_mapping);
1696         s->parameters.has_block_bitmap_mapping = true;
1697         s->parameters.block_bitmap_mapping =
1698             QAPI_CLONE(BitmapMigrationNodeAliasList,
1699                        params->block_bitmap_mapping);
1700     }
1703 void qmp_migrate_set_parameters(MigrateSetParameters *params, Error **errp)
1705     MigrationParameters tmp;
1707     /* TODO Rewrite "" to null instead */
1708     if (params->has_tls_creds
1709         && params->tls_creds->type == QTYPE_QNULL) {
1710         qobject_unref(params->tls_creds->u.n);
1711         params->tls_creds->type = QTYPE_QSTRING;
1712         params->tls_creds->u.s = strdup("");
1713     }
1714     /* TODO Rewrite "" to null instead */
1715     if (params->has_tls_hostname
1716         && params->tls_hostname->type == QTYPE_QNULL) {
1717         qobject_unref(params->tls_hostname->u.n);
1718         params->tls_hostname->type = QTYPE_QSTRING;
1719         params->tls_hostname->u.s = strdup("");
1720     }
1722     migrate_params_test_apply(params, &tmp);
1724     if (!migrate_params_check(&tmp, errp)) {
1725         /* Invalid parameter */
1726         return;
1727     }
1729     migrate_params_apply(params, errp);
1733 void qmp_migrate_start_postcopy(Error **errp)
1735     MigrationState *s = migrate_get_current();
1737     if (!migrate_postcopy()) {
1738         error_setg(errp, "Enable postcopy with migrate_set_capability before"
1739                          " the start of migration");
1740         return;
1741     }
1743     if (s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_NONE) {
1744         error_setg(errp, "Postcopy must be started after migration has been"
1745                          " started");
1746         return;
1747     }
1748     /*
1749      * we don't error if migration has finished since that would be racy
1750      * with issuing this command.
1751      */
1752     qatomic_set(&s->start_postcopy, true);
1755 /* shared migration helpers */
1757 void migrate_set_state(int *state, int old_state, int new_state)
1759     assert(new_state < MIGRATION_STATUS__MAX);
1760     if (qatomic_cmpxchg(state, old_state, new_state) == old_state) {
1761         trace_migrate_set_state(MigrationStatus_str(new_state));
1762         migrate_generate_event(new_state);
1763     }
1766 static MigrationCapabilityStatus *migrate_cap_add(MigrationCapability index,
1767                                                   bool state)
1769     MigrationCapabilityStatus *cap;
1771     cap = g_new0(MigrationCapabilityStatus, 1);
1772     cap->capability = index;
1773     cap->state = state;
1775     return cap;
1778 void migrate_set_block_enabled(bool value, Error **errp)
1780     MigrationCapabilityStatusList *cap = NULL;
1782     QAPI_LIST_PREPEND(cap, migrate_cap_add(MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_BLOCK, value));
1783     qmp_migrate_set_capabilities(cap, errp);
1784     qapi_free_MigrationCapabilityStatusList(cap);
1787 static void migrate_set_block_incremental(MigrationState *s, bool value)
1789     s->parameters.block_incremental = value;
1792 static void block_cleanup_parameters(MigrationState *s)
1794     if (s->must_remove_block_options) {
1795         /* setting to false can never fail */
1796         migrate_set_block_enabled(false, &error_abort);
1797         migrate_set_block_incremental(s, false);
1798         s->must_remove_block_options = false;
1799     }
1802 static void migrate_fd_cleanup(MigrationState *s)
1804     qemu_bh_delete(s->cleanup_bh);
1805     s->cleanup_bh = NULL;
1807     qemu_savevm_state_cleanup();
1809     if (s->to_dst_file) {
1810         QEMUFile *tmp;
1812         trace_migrate_fd_cleanup();
1813         qemu_mutex_unlock_iothread();
1814         if (s->migration_thread_running) {
1815             qemu_thread_join(&s->thread);
1816             s->migration_thread_running = false;
1817         }
1818         qemu_mutex_lock_iothread();
1820         multifd_save_cleanup();
1821         qemu_mutex_lock(&s->qemu_file_lock);
1822         tmp = s->to_dst_file;
1823         s->to_dst_file = NULL;
1824         qemu_mutex_unlock(&s->qemu_file_lock);
1825         /*
1826          * Close the file handle without the lock to make sure the
1827          * critical section won't block for long.
1828          */
1829         qemu_fclose(tmp);
1830     }
1832     assert(!migration_is_active(s));
1834     if (s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLING) {
1835         migrate_set_state(&s->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLING,
1836                           MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLED);
1837     }
1839     if (s->error) {
1840         /* It is used on info migrate.  We can't free it */
1841         error_report_err(error_copy(s->error));
1842     }
1843     notifier_list_notify(&migration_state_notifiers, s);
1844     block_cleanup_parameters(s);
1845     yank_unregister_instance(MIGRATION_YANK_INSTANCE);
1848 static void migrate_fd_cleanup_schedule(MigrationState *s)
1850     /*
1851      * Ref the state for bh, because it may be called when
1852      * there're already no other refs
1853      */
1854     object_ref(OBJECT(s));
1855     qemu_bh_schedule(s->cleanup_bh);
1858 static void migrate_fd_cleanup_bh(void *opaque)
1860     MigrationState *s = opaque;
1861     migrate_fd_cleanup(s);
1862     object_unref(OBJECT(s));
1865 void migrate_set_error(MigrationState *s, const Error *error)
1867     QEMU_LOCK_GUARD(&s->error_mutex);
1868     if (!s->error) {
1869         s->error = error_copy(error);
1870     }
1873 void migrate_fd_error(MigrationState *s, const Error *error)
1875     trace_migrate_fd_error(error_get_pretty(error));
1876     assert(s->to_dst_file == NULL);
1877     migrate_set_state(&s->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_SETUP,
1878                       MIGRATION_STATUS_FAILED);
1879     migrate_set_error(s, error);
1882 static void migrate_fd_cancel(MigrationState *s)
1884     int old_state ;
1885     QEMUFile *f = migrate_get_current()->to_dst_file;
1886     trace_migrate_fd_cancel();
1888     if (s->rp_state.from_dst_file) {
1889         /* shutdown the rp socket, so causing the rp thread to shutdown */
1890         qemu_file_shutdown(s->rp_state.from_dst_file);
1891     }
1893     do {
1894         old_state = s->state;
1895         if (!migration_is_running(old_state)) {
1896             break;
1897         }
1898         /* If the migration is paused, kick it out of the pause */
1899         if (old_state == MIGRATION_STATUS_PRE_SWITCHOVER) {
1900             qemu_sem_post(&s->pause_sem);
1901         }
1902         migrate_set_state(&s->state, old_state, MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLING);
1903     } while (s->state != MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLING);
1905     /*
1906      * If we're unlucky the migration code might be stuck somewhere in a
1907      * send/write while the network has failed and is waiting to timeout;
1908      * if we've got shutdown(2) available then we can force it to quit.
1909      * The outgoing qemu file gets closed in migrate_fd_cleanup that is
1910      * called in a bh, so there is no race against this cancel.
1911      */
1912     if (s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLING && f) {
1913         qemu_file_shutdown(f);
1914     }
1915     if (s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLING && s->block_inactive) {
1916         Error *local_err = NULL;
1918         bdrv_invalidate_cache_all(&local_err);
1919         if (local_err) {
1920             error_report_err(local_err);
1921         } else {
1922             s->block_inactive = false;
1923         }
1924     }
1927 void add_migration_state_change_notifier(Notifier *notify)
1929     notifier_list_add(&migration_state_notifiers, notify);
1932 void remove_migration_state_change_notifier(Notifier *notify)
1934     notifier_remove(notify);
1937 bool migration_in_setup(MigrationState *s)
1939     return s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_SETUP;
1942 bool migration_has_finished(MigrationState *s)
1944     return s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_COMPLETED;
1947 bool migration_has_failed(MigrationState *s)
1949     return (s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLED ||
1950             s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_FAILED);
1953 bool migration_in_postcopy(void)
1955     MigrationState *s = migrate_get_current();
1957     switch (s->state) {
1958     case MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE:
1959     case MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_PAUSED:
1960     case MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_RECOVER:
1961         return true;
1962     default:
1963         return false;
1964     }
1967 bool migration_in_postcopy_after_devices(MigrationState *s)
1969     return migration_in_postcopy() && s->postcopy_after_devices;
1972 bool migration_in_incoming_postcopy(void)
1974     PostcopyState ps = postcopy_state_get();
1976     return ps >= POSTCOPY_INCOMING_DISCARD && ps < POSTCOPY_INCOMING_END;
1979 bool migration_is_idle(void)
1981     MigrationState *s = current_migration;
1983     if (!s) {
1984         return true;
1985     }
1987     switch (s->state) {
1988     case MIGRATION_STATUS_NONE:
1989     case MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLED:
1990     case MIGRATION_STATUS_COMPLETED:
1991     case MIGRATION_STATUS_FAILED:
1992         return true;
1993     case MIGRATION_STATUS_SETUP:
1994     case MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLING:
1995     case MIGRATION_STATUS_ACTIVE:
1996     case MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE:
1997     case MIGRATION_STATUS_COLO:
1998     case MIGRATION_STATUS_PRE_SWITCHOVER:
1999     case MIGRATION_STATUS_DEVICE:
2000     case MIGRATION_STATUS_WAIT_UNPLUG:
2001         return false;
2002     case MIGRATION_STATUS__MAX:
2003         g_assert_not_reached();
2004     }
2006     return false;
2009 bool migration_is_active(MigrationState *s)
2011     return (s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_ACTIVE ||
2012             s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE);
2015 void migrate_init(MigrationState *s)
2017     /*
2018      * Reinitialise all migration state, except
2019      * parameters/capabilities that the user set, and
2020      * locks.
2021      */
2022     s->cleanup_bh = 0;
2023     s->vm_start_bh = 0;
2024     s->to_dst_file = NULL;
2025     s->state = MIGRATION_STATUS_NONE;
2026     s->rp_state.from_dst_file = NULL;
2027     s->rp_state.error = false;
2028     s->mbps = 0.0;
2029     s->pages_per_second = 0.0;
2030     s->downtime = 0;
2031     s->expected_downtime = 0;
2032     s->setup_time = 0;
2033     s->start_postcopy = false;
2034     s->postcopy_after_devices = false;
2035     s->migration_thread_running = false;
2036     error_free(s->error);
2037     s->error = NULL;
2038     s->hostname = NULL;
2040     migrate_set_state(&s->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_NONE, MIGRATION_STATUS_SETUP);
2042     s->start_time = qemu_clock_get_ms(QEMU_CLOCK_REALTIME);
2043     s->total_time = 0;
2044     s->vm_was_running = false;
2045     s->iteration_initial_bytes = 0;
2046     s->threshold_size = 0;
2049 int migrate_add_blocker(Error *reason, Error **errp)
2051     if (only_migratable) {
2052         error_propagate_prepend(errp, error_copy(reason),
2053                                 "disallowing migration blocker "
2054                                 "(--only-migratable) for: ");
2055         return -EACCES;
2056     }
2058     if (migration_is_idle()) {
2059         migration_blockers = g_slist_prepend(migration_blockers, reason);
2060         return 0;
2061     }
2063     error_propagate_prepend(errp, error_copy(reason),
2064                             "disallowing migration blocker "
2065                             "(migration in progress) for: ");
2066     return -EBUSY;
2069 void migrate_del_blocker(Error *reason)
2071     migration_blockers = g_slist_remove(migration_blockers, reason);
2074 void qmp_migrate_incoming(const char *uri, Error **errp)
2076     Error *local_err = NULL;
2077     static bool once = true;
2079     if (!once) {
2080         error_setg(errp, "The incoming migration has already been started");
2081         return;
2082     }
2083     if (!runstate_check(RUN_STATE_INMIGRATE)) {
2084         error_setg(errp, "'-incoming' was not specified on the command line");
2085         return;
2086     }
2088     qemu_start_incoming_migration(uri, &local_err);
2090     if (local_err) {
2091         error_propagate(errp, local_err);
2092         return;
2093     }
2095     once = false;
2098 void qmp_migrate_recover(const char *uri, Error **errp)
2100     MigrationIncomingState *mis = migration_incoming_get_current();
2102     if (mis->state != MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_PAUSED) {
2103         error_setg(errp, "Migrate recover can only be run "
2104                    "when postcopy is paused.");
2105         return;
2106     }
2108     if (qatomic_cmpxchg(&mis->postcopy_recover_triggered,
2109                        false, true) == true) {
2110         error_setg(errp, "Migrate recovery is triggered already");
2111         return;
2112     }
2114     /*
2115      * Note that this call will never start a real migration; it will
2116      * only re-setup the migration stream and poke existing migration
2117      * to continue using that newly established channel.
2118      */
2119     yank_unregister_instance(MIGRATION_YANK_INSTANCE);
2120     qemu_start_incoming_migration(uri, errp);
2123 void qmp_migrate_pause(Error **errp)
2125     MigrationState *ms = migrate_get_current();
2126     MigrationIncomingState *mis = migration_incoming_get_current();
2127     int ret;
2129     if (ms->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE) {
2130         /* Source side, during postcopy */
2131         qemu_mutex_lock(&ms->qemu_file_lock);
2132         ret = qemu_file_shutdown(ms->to_dst_file);
2133         qemu_mutex_unlock(&ms->qemu_file_lock);
2134         if (ret) {
2135             error_setg(errp, "Failed to pause source migration");
2136         }
2137         return;
2138     }
2140     if (mis->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE) {
2141         ret = qemu_file_shutdown(mis->from_src_file);
2142         if (ret) {
2143             error_setg(errp, "Failed to pause destination migration");
2144         }
2145         return;
2146     }
2148     error_setg(errp, "migrate-pause is currently only supported "
2149                "during postcopy-active state");
2152 bool migration_is_blocked(Error **errp)
2154     if (qemu_savevm_state_blocked(errp)) {
2155         return true;
2156     }
2158     if (migration_blockers) {
2159         error_propagate(errp, error_copy(migration_blockers->data));
2160         return true;
2161     }
2163     return false;
2166 /* Returns true if continue to migrate, or false if error detected */
2167 static bool migrate_prepare(MigrationState *s, bool blk, bool blk_inc,
2168                             bool resume, Error **errp)
2170     Error *local_err = NULL;
2172     if (resume) {
2173         if (s->state != MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_PAUSED) {
2174             error_setg(errp, "Cannot resume if there is no "
2175                        "paused migration");
2176             return false;
2177         }
2179         /*
2180          * Postcopy recovery won't work well with release-ram
2181          * capability since release-ram will drop the page buffer as
2182          * long as the page is put into the send buffer.  So if there
2183          * is a network failure happened, any page buffers that have
2184          * not yet reached the destination VM but have already been
2185          * sent from the source VM will be lost forever.  Let's refuse
2186          * the client from resuming such a postcopy migration.
2187          * Luckily release-ram was designed to only be used when src
2188          * and destination VMs are on the same host, so it should be
2189          * fine.
2190          */
2191         if (migrate_release_ram()) {
2192             error_setg(errp, "Postcopy recovery cannot work "
2193                        "when release-ram capability is set");
2194             return false;
2195         }
2197         /* This is a resume, skip init status */
2198         return true;
2199     }
2201     if (migration_is_running(s->state)) {
2202         error_setg(errp, QERR_MIGRATION_ACTIVE);
2203         return false;
2204     }
2206     if (runstate_check(RUN_STATE_INMIGRATE)) {
2207         error_setg(errp, "Guest is waiting for an incoming migration");
2208         return false;
2209     }
2211     if (runstate_check(RUN_STATE_POSTMIGRATE)) {
2212         error_setg(errp, "Can't migrate the vm that was paused due to "
2213                    "previous migration");
2214         return false;
2215     }
2217     if (migration_is_blocked(errp)) {
2218         return false;
2219     }
2221     if (blk || blk_inc) {
2222         if (migrate_use_block() || migrate_use_block_incremental()) {
2223             error_setg(errp, "Command options are incompatible with "
2224                        "current migration capabilities");
2225             return false;
2226         }
2227         migrate_set_block_enabled(true, &local_err);
2228         if (local_err) {
2229             error_propagate(errp, local_err);
2230             return false;
2231         }
2232         s->must_remove_block_options = true;
2233     }
2235     if (blk_inc) {
2236         migrate_set_block_incremental(s, true);
2237     }
2239     migrate_init(s);
2240     /*
2241      * set ram_counters memory to zero for a
2242      * new migration
2243      */
2244     memset(&ram_counters, 0, sizeof(ram_counters));
2246     return true;
2249 void qmp_migrate(const char *uri, bool has_blk, bool blk,
2250                  bool has_inc, bool inc, bool has_detach, bool detach,
2251                  bool has_resume, bool resume, Error **errp)
2253     Error *local_err = NULL;
2254     MigrationState *s = migrate_get_current();
2255     const char *p = NULL;
2257     if (!migrate_prepare(s, has_blk && blk, has_inc && inc,
2258                          has_resume && resume, errp)) {
2259         /* Error detected, put into errp */
2260         return;
2261     }
2263     if (!(has_resume && resume)) {
2264         if (!yank_register_instance(MIGRATION_YANK_INSTANCE, errp)) {
2265             return;
2266         }
2267     }
2269     if (strstart(uri, "tcp:", &p) ||
2270         strstart(uri, "unix:", NULL) ||
2271         strstart(uri, "vsock:", NULL)) {
2272         socket_start_outgoing_migration(s, p ? p : uri, &local_err);
2273 #ifdef CONFIG_RDMA
2274     } else if (strstart(uri, "rdma:", &p)) {
2275         rdma_start_outgoing_migration(s, p, &local_err);
2276 #endif
2277     } else if (strstart(uri, "exec:", &p)) {
2278         exec_start_outgoing_migration(s, p, &local_err);
2279     } else if (strstart(uri, "fd:", &p)) {
2280         fd_start_outgoing_migration(s, p, &local_err);
2281     } else {
2282         if (!(has_resume && resume)) {
2283             yank_unregister_instance(MIGRATION_YANK_INSTANCE);
2284         }
2285         error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE, "uri",
2286                    "a valid migration protocol");
2287         migrate_set_state(&s->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_SETUP,
2288                           MIGRATION_STATUS_FAILED);
2289         block_cleanup_parameters(s);
2290         return;
2291     }
2293     if (local_err) {
2294         if (!(has_resume && resume)) {
2295             yank_unregister_instance(MIGRATION_YANK_INSTANCE);
2296         }
2297         migrate_fd_error(s, local_err);
2298         error_propagate(errp, local_err);
2299         return;
2300     }
2303 void qmp_migrate_cancel(Error **errp)
2305     migrate_fd_cancel(migrate_get_current());
2308 void qmp_migrate_continue(MigrationStatus state, Error **errp)
2310     MigrationState *s = migrate_get_current();
2311     if (s->state != state) {
2312         error_setg(errp,  "Migration not in expected state: %s",
2313                    MigrationStatus_str(s->state));
2314         return;
2315     }
2316     qemu_sem_post(&s->pause_sem);
2319 bool migrate_release_ram(void)
2321     MigrationState *s;
2323     s = migrate_get_current();
2325     return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_RELEASE_RAM];
2328 bool migrate_postcopy_ram(void)
2330     MigrationState *s;
2332     s = migrate_get_current();
2334     return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_POSTCOPY_RAM];
2337 bool migrate_postcopy(void)
2339     return migrate_postcopy_ram() || migrate_dirty_bitmaps();
2342 bool migrate_auto_converge(void)
2344     MigrationState *s;
2346     s = migrate_get_current();
2348     return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_AUTO_CONVERGE];
2351 bool migrate_zero_blocks(void)
2353     MigrationState *s;
2355     s = migrate_get_current();
2357     return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_ZERO_BLOCKS];
2360 bool migrate_postcopy_blocktime(void)
2362     MigrationState *s;
2364     s = migrate_get_current();
2366     return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_POSTCOPY_BLOCKTIME];
2369 bool migrate_use_compression(void)
2371     MigrationState *s;
2373     s = migrate_get_current();
2375     return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_COMPRESS];
2378 int migrate_compress_level(void)
2380     MigrationState *s;
2382     s = migrate_get_current();
2384     return s->parameters.compress_level;
2387 int migrate_compress_threads(void)
2389     MigrationState *s;
2391     s = migrate_get_current();
2393     return s->parameters.compress_threads;
2396 int migrate_compress_wait_thread(void)
2398     MigrationState *s;
2400     s = migrate_get_current();
2402     return s->parameters.compress_wait_thread;
2405 int migrate_decompress_threads(void)
2407     MigrationState *s;
2409     s = migrate_get_current();
2411     return s->parameters.decompress_threads;
2414 bool migrate_dirty_bitmaps(void)
2416     MigrationState *s;
2418     s = migrate_get_current();
2420     return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_DIRTY_BITMAPS];
2423 bool migrate_ignore_shared(void)
2425     MigrationState *s;
2427     s = migrate_get_current();
2429     return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_X_IGNORE_SHARED];
2432 bool migrate_validate_uuid(void)
2434     MigrationState *s;
2436     s = migrate_get_current();
2438     return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_VALIDATE_UUID];
2441 bool migrate_use_events(void)
2443     MigrationState *s;
2445     s = migrate_get_current();
2447     return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_EVENTS];
2450 bool migrate_use_multifd(void)
2452     MigrationState *s;
2454     s = migrate_get_current();
2456     return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_MULTIFD];
2459 bool migrate_pause_before_switchover(void)
2461     MigrationState *s;
2463     s = migrate_get_current();
2465     return s->enabled_capabilities[
2466         MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_PAUSE_BEFORE_SWITCHOVER];
2469 int migrate_multifd_channels(void)
2471     MigrationState *s;
2473     s = migrate_get_current();
2475     return s->parameters.multifd_channels;
2478 MultiFDCompression migrate_multifd_compression(void)
2480     MigrationState *s;
2482     s = migrate_get_current();
2484     return s->parameters.multifd_compression;
2487 int migrate_multifd_zlib_level(void)
2489     MigrationState *s;
2491     s = migrate_get_current();
2493     return s->parameters.multifd_zlib_level;
2496 int migrate_multifd_zstd_level(void)
2498     MigrationState *s;
2500     s = migrate_get_current();
2502     return s->parameters.multifd_zstd_level;
2505 int migrate_use_xbzrle(void)
2507     MigrationState *s;
2509     s = migrate_get_current();
2511     return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_XBZRLE];
2514 uint64_t migrate_xbzrle_cache_size(void)
2516     MigrationState *s;
2518     s = migrate_get_current();
2520     return s->parameters.xbzrle_cache_size;
2523 static int64_t migrate_max_postcopy_bandwidth(void)
2525     MigrationState *s;
2527     s = migrate_get_current();
2529     return s->parameters.max_postcopy_bandwidth;
2532 bool migrate_use_block(void)
2534     MigrationState *s;
2536     s = migrate_get_current();
2538     return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_BLOCK];
2541 bool migrate_use_return_path(void)
2543     MigrationState *s;
2545     s = migrate_get_current();
2547     return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_RETURN_PATH];
2550 bool migrate_use_block_incremental(void)
2552     MigrationState *s;
2554     s = migrate_get_current();
2556     return s->parameters.block_incremental;
2559 bool migrate_background_snapshot(void)
2561     MigrationState *s;
2563     s = migrate_get_current();
2565     return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_BACKGROUND_SNAPSHOT];
2568 /* migration thread support */
2570  * Something bad happened to the RP stream, mark an error
2571  * The caller shall print or trace something to indicate why
2572  */
2573 static void mark_source_rp_bad(MigrationState *s)
2575     s->rp_state.error = true;
2578 static struct rp_cmd_args {
2579     ssize_t     len; /* -1 = variable */
2580     const char *name;
2581 } rp_cmd_args[] = {
2582     [MIG_RP_MSG_INVALID]        = { .len = -1, .name = "INVALID" },
2583     [MIG_RP_MSG_SHUT]           = { .len =  4, .name = "SHUT" },
2584     [MIG_RP_MSG_PONG]           = { .len =  4, .name = "PONG" },
2585     [MIG_RP_MSG_REQ_PAGES]      = { .len = 12, .name = "REQ_PAGES" },
2586     [MIG_RP_MSG_REQ_PAGES_ID]   = { .len = -1, .name = "REQ_PAGES_ID" },
2587     [MIG_RP_MSG_RECV_BITMAP]    = { .len = -1, .name = "RECV_BITMAP" },
2588     [MIG_RP_MSG_RESUME_ACK]     = { .len =  4, .name = "RESUME_ACK" },
2589     [MIG_RP_MSG_MAX]            = { .len = -1, .name = "MAX" },
2593  * Process a request for pages received on the return path,
2594  * We're allowed to send more than requested (e.g. to round to our page size)
2595  * and we don't need to send pages that have already been sent.
2596  */
2597 static void migrate_handle_rp_req_pages(MigrationState *ms, const char* rbname,
2598                                        ram_addr_t start, size_t len)
2600     long our_host_ps = qemu_real_host_page_size;
2602     trace_migrate_handle_rp_req_pages(rbname, start, len);
2604     /*
2605      * Since we currently insist on matching page sizes, just sanity check
2606      * we're being asked for whole host pages.
2607      */
2608     if (start & (our_host_ps - 1) ||
2609        (len & (our_host_ps - 1))) {
2610         error_report("%s: Misaligned page request, start: " RAM_ADDR_FMT
2611                      " len: %zd", __func__, start, len);
2612         mark_source_rp_bad(ms);
2613         return;
2614     }
2616     if (ram_save_queue_pages(rbname, start, len)) {
2617         mark_source_rp_bad(ms);
2618     }
2621 /* Return true to retry, false to quit */
2622 static bool postcopy_pause_return_path_thread(MigrationState *s)
2624     trace_postcopy_pause_return_path();
2626     qemu_sem_wait(&s->postcopy_pause_rp_sem);
2628     trace_postcopy_pause_return_path_continued();
2630     return true;
2633 static int migrate_handle_rp_recv_bitmap(MigrationState *s, char *block_name)
2635     RAMBlock *block = qemu_ram_block_by_name(block_name);
2637     if (!block) {
2638         error_report("%s: invalid block name '%s'", __func__, block_name);
2639         return -EINVAL;
2640     }
2642     /* Fetch the received bitmap and refresh the dirty bitmap */
2643     return ram_dirty_bitmap_reload(s, block);
2646 static int migrate_handle_rp_resume_ack(MigrationState *s, uint32_t value)
2648     trace_source_return_path_thread_resume_ack(value);
2650     if (value != MIGRATION_RESUME_ACK_VALUE) {
2651         error_report("%s: illegal resume_ack value %"PRIu32,
2652                      __func__, value);
2653         return -1;
2654     }
2656     /* Now both sides are active. */
2657     migrate_set_state(&s->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_RECOVER,
2658                       MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE);
2660     /* Notify send thread that time to continue send pages */
2661     qemu_sem_post(&s->rp_state.rp_sem);
2663     return 0;
2667  * Handles messages sent on the return path towards the source VM
2669  */
2670 static void *source_return_path_thread(void *opaque)
2672     MigrationState *ms = opaque;
2673     QEMUFile *rp = ms->rp_state.from_dst_file;
2674     uint16_t header_len, header_type;
2675     uint8_t buf[512];
2676     uint32_t tmp32, sibling_error;
2677     ram_addr_t start = 0; /* =0 to silence warning */
2678     size_t  len = 0, expected_len;
2679     int res;
2681     trace_source_return_path_thread_entry();
2682     rcu_register_thread();
2684 retry:
2685     while (!ms->rp_state.error && !qemu_file_get_error(rp) &&
2686            migration_is_setup_or_active(ms->state)) {
2687         trace_source_return_path_thread_loop_top();
2688         header_type = qemu_get_be16(rp);
2689         header_len = qemu_get_be16(rp);
2691         if (qemu_file_get_error(rp)) {
2692             mark_source_rp_bad(ms);
2693             goto out;
2694         }
2696         if (header_type >= MIG_RP_MSG_MAX ||
2697             header_type == MIG_RP_MSG_INVALID) {
2698             error_report("RP: Received invalid message 0x%04x length 0x%04x",
2699                          header_type, header_len);
2700             mark_source_rp_bad(ms);
2701             goto out;
2702         }
2704         if ((rp_cmd_args[header_type].len != -1 &&
2705             header_len != rp_cmd_args[header_type].len) ||
2706             header_len > sizeof(buf)) {
2707             error_report("RP: Received '%s' message (0x%04x) with"
2708                          "incorrect length %d expecting %zu",
2709                          rp_cmd_args[header_type].name, header_type, header_len,
2710                          (size_t)rp_cmd_args[header_type].len);
2711             mark_source_rp_bad(ms);
2712             goto out;
2713         }
2715         /* We know we've got a valid header by this point */
2716         res = qemu_get_buffer(rp, buf, header_len);
2717         if (res != header_len) {
2718             error_report("RP: Failed reading data for message 0x%04x"
2719                          " read %d expected %d",
2720                          header_type, res, header_len);
2721             mark_source_rp_bad(ms);
2722             goto out;
2723         }
2725         /* OK, we have the message and the data */
2726         switch (header_type) {
2727         case MIG_RP_MSG_SHUT:
2728             sibling_error = ldl_be_p(buf);
2729             trace_source_return_path_thread_shut(sibling_error);
2730             if (sibling_error) {
2731                 error_report("RP: Sibling indicated error %d", sibling_error);
2732                 mark_source_rp_bad(ms);
2733             }
2734             /*
2735              * We'll let the main thread deal with closing the RP
2736              * we could do a shutdown(2) on it, but we're the only user
2737              * anyway, so there's nothing gained.
2738              */
2739             goto out;
2741         case MIG_RP_MSG_PONG:
2742             tmp32 = ldl_be_p(buf);
2743             trace_source_return_path_thread_pong(tmp32);
2744             break;
2746         case MIG_RP_MSG_REQ_PAGES:
2747             start = ldq_be_p(buf);
2748             len = ldl_be_p(buf + 8);
2749             migrate_handle_rp_req_pages(ms, NULL, start, len);
2750             break;
2752         case MIG_RP_MSG_REQ_PAGES_ID:
2753             expected_len = 12 + 1; /* header + termination */
2755             if (header_len >= expected_len) {
2756                 start = ldq_be_p(buf);
2757                 len = ldl_be_p(buf + 8);
2758                 /* Now we expect an idstr */
2759                 tmp32 = buf[12]; /* Length of the following idstr */
2760                 buf[13 + tmp32] = '\0';
2761                 expected_len += tmp32;
2762             }
2763             if (header_len != expected_len) {
2764                 error_report("RP: Req_Page_id with length %d expecting %zd",
2765                              header_len, expected_len);
2766                 mark_source_rp_bad(ms);
2767                 goto out;
2768             }
2769             migrate_handle_rp_req_pages(ms, (char *)&buf[13], start, len);
2770             break;
2772         case MIG_RP_MSG_RECV_BITMAP:
2773             if (header_len < 1) {
2774                 error_report("%s: missing block name", __func__);
2775                 mark_source_rp_bad(ms);
2776                 goto out;
2777             }
2778             /* Format: len (1B) + idstr (<255B). This ends the idstr. */
2779             buf[buf[0] + 1] = '\0';
2780             if (migrate_handle_rp_recv_bitmap(ms, (char *)(buf + 1))) {
2781                 mark_source_rp_bad(ms);
2782                 goto out;
2783             }
2784             break;
2786         case MIG_RP_MSG_RESUME_ACK:
2787             tmp32 = ldl_be_p(buf);
2788             if (migrate_handle_rp_resume_ack(ms, tmp32)) {
2789                 mark_source_rp_bad(ms);
2790                 goto out;
2791             }
2792             break;
2794         default:
2795             break;
2796         }
2797     }
2799 out:
2800     res = qemu_file_get_error(rp);
2801     if (res) {
2802         if (res == -EIO && migration_in_postcopy()) {
2803             /*
2804              * Maybe there is something we can do: it looks like a
2805              * network down issue, and we pause for a recovery.
2806              */
2807             if (postcopy_pause_return_path_thread(ms)) {
2808                 /* Reload rp, reset the rest */
2809                 if (rp != ms->rp_state.from_dst_file) {
2810                     qemu_fclose(rp);
2811                     rp = ms->rp_state.from_dst_file;
2812                 }
2813                 ms->rp_state.error = false;
2814                 goto retry;
2815             }
2816         }
2818         trace_source_return_path_thread_bad_end();
2819         mark_source_rp_bad(ms);
2820     }
2822     trace_source_return_path_thread_end();
2823     ms->rp_state.from_dst_file = NULL;
2824     qemu_fclose(rp);
2825     rcu_unregister_thread();
2826     return NULL;
2829 static int open_return_path_on_source(MigrationState *ms,
2830                                       bool create_thread)
2833     ms->rp_state.from_dst_file = qemu_file_get_return_path(ms->to_dst_file);
2834     if (!ms->rp_state.from_dst_file) {
2835         return -1;
2836     }
2838     trace_open_return_path_on_source();
2840     if (!create_thread) {
2841         /* We're done */
2842         return 0;
2843     }
2845     qemu_thread_create(&ms->rp_state.rp_thread, "return path",
2846                        source_return_path_thread, ms, QEMU_THREAD_JOINABLE);
2848     trace_open_return_path_on_source_continue();
2850     return 0;
2853 /* Returns 0 if the RP was ok, otherwise there was an error on the RP */
2854 static int await_return_path_close_on_source(MigrationState *ms)
2856     /*
2857      * If this is a normal exit then the destination will send a SHUT and the
2858      * rp_thread will exit, however if there's an error we need to cause
2859      * it to exit.
2860      */
2861     if (qemu_file_get_error(ms->to_dst_file) && ms->rp_state.from_dst_file) {
2862         /*
2863          * shutdown(2), if we have it, will cause it to unblock if it's stuck
2864          * waiting for the destination.
2865          */
2866         qemu_file_shutdown(ms->rp_state.from_dst_file);
2867         mark_source_rp_bad(ms);
2868     }
2869     trace_await_return_path_close_on_source_joining();
2870     qemu_thread_join(&ms->rp_state.rp_thread);
2871     trace_await_return_path_close_on_source_close();
2872     return ms->rp_state.error;
2876  * Switch from normal iteration to postcopy
2877  * Returns non-0 on error
2878  */
2879 static int postcopy_start(MigrationState *ms)
2881     int ret;
2882     QIOChannelBuffer *bioc;
2883     QEMUFile *fb;
2884     int64_t time_at_stop = qemu_clock_get_ms(QEMU_CLOCK_REALTIME);
2885     int64_t bandwidth = migrate_max_postcopy_bandwidth();
2886     bool restart_block = false;
2887     int cur_state = MIGRATION_STATUS_ACTIVE;
2888     if (!migrate_pause_before_switchover()) {
2889         migrate_set_state(&ms->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_ACTIVE,
2890                           MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE);
2891     }
2893     trace_postcopy_start();
2894     qemu_mutex_lock_iothread();
2895     trace_postcopy_start_set_run();
2897     qemu_system_wakeup_request(QEMU_WAKEUP_REASON_OTHER, NULL);
2898     global_state_store();
2899     ret = vm_stop_force_state(RUN_STATE_FINISH_MIGRATE);
2900     if (ret < 0) {
2901         goto fail;
2902     }
2904     ret = migration_maybe_pause(ms, &cur_state,
2905                                 MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE);
2906     if (ret < 0) {
2907         goto fail;
2908     }
2910     ret = bdrv_inactivate_all();
2911     if (ret < 0) {
2912         goto fail;
2913     }
2914     restart_block = true;
2916     /*
2917      * Cause any non-postcopiable, but iterative devices to
2918      * send out their final data.
2919      */
2920     qemu_savevm_state_complete_precopy(ms->to_dst_file, true, false);
2922     /*
2923      * in Finish migrate and with the io-lock held everything should
2924      * be quiet, but we've potentially still got dirty pages and we
2925      * need to tell the destination to throw any pages it's already received
2926      * that are dirty
2927      */
2928     if (migrate_postcopy_ram()) {
2929         if (ram_postcopy_send_discard_bitmap(ms)) {
2930             error_report("postcopy send discard bitmap failed");
2931             goto fail;
2932         }
2933     }
2935     /*
2936      * send rest of state - note things that are doing postcopy
2937      * will notice we're in POSTCOPY_ACTIVE and not actually
2938      * wrap their state up here
2939      */
2940     /* 0 max-postcopy-bandwidth means unlimited */
2941     if (!bandwidth) {
2942         qemu_file_set_rate_limit(ms->to_dst_file, INT64_MAX);
2943     } else {
2944         qemu_file_set_rate_limit(ms->to_dst_file, bandwidth / XFER_LIMIT_RATIO);
2945     }
2946     if (migrate_postcopy_ram()) {
2947         /* Ping just for debugging, helps line traces up */
2948         qemu_savevm_send_ping(ms->to_dst_file, 2);
2949     }
2951     /*
2952      * While loading the device state we may trigger page transfer
2953      * requests and the fd must be free to process those, and thus
2954      * the destination must read the whole device state off the fd before
2955      * it starts processing it.  Unfortunately the ad-hoc migration format
2956      * doesn't allow the destination to know the size to read without fully
2957      * parsing it through each devices load-state code (especially the open
2958      * coded devices that use get/put).
2959      * So we wrap the device state up in a package with a length at the start;
2960      * to do this we use a qemu_buf to hold the whole of the device state.
2961      */
2962     bioc = qio_channel_buffer_new(4096);
2963     qio_channel_set_name(QIO_CHANNEL(bioc), "migration-postcopy-buffer");
2964     fb = qemu_fopen_channel_output(QIO_CHANNEL(bioc));
2965     object_unref(OBJECT(bioc));
2967     /*
2968      * Make sure the receiver can get incoming pages before we send the rest
2969      * of the state
2970      */
2971     qemu_savevm_send_postcopy_listen(fb);
2973     qemu_savevm_state_complete_precopy(fb, false, false);
2974     if (migrate_postcopy_ram()) {
2975         qemu_savevm_send_ping(fb, 3);
2976     }
2978     qemu_savevm_send_postcopy_run(fb);
2980     /* <><> end of stuff going into the package */
2982     /* Last point of recovery; as soon as we send the package the destination
2983      * can open devices and potentially start running.
2984      * Lets just check again we've not got any errors.
2985      */
2986     ret = qemu_file_get_error(ms->to_dst_file);
2987     if (ret) {
2988         error_report("postcopy_start: Migration stream errored (pre package)");
2989         goto fail_closefb;
2990     }
2992     restart_block = false;
2994     /* Now send that blob */
2995     if (qemu_savevm_send_packaged(ms->to_dst_file, bioc->data, bioc->usage)) {
2996         goto fail_closefb;
2997     }
2998     qemu_fclose(fb);
3000     /* Send a notify to give a chance for anything that needs to happen
3001      * at the transition to postcopy and after the device state; in particular
3002      * spice needs to trigger a transition now
3003      */
3004     ms->postcopy_after_devices = true;
3005     notifier_list_notify(&migration_state_notifiers, ms);
3007     ms->downtime =  qemu_clock_get_ms(QEMU_CLOCK_REALTIME) - time_at_stop;
3009     qemu_mutex_unlock_iothread();
3011     if (migrate_postcopy_ram()) {
3012         /*
3013          * Although this ping is just for debug, it could potentially be
3014          * used for getting a better measurement of downtime at the source.
3015          */
3016         qemu_savevm_send_ping(ms->to_dst_file, 4);
3017     }
3019     if (migrate_release_ram()) {
3020         ram_postcopy_migrated_memory_release(ms);
3021     }
3023     ret = qemu_file_get_error(ms->to_dst_file);
3024     if (ret) {
3025         error_report("postcopy_start: Migration stream errored");
3026         migrate_set_state(&ms->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE,
3027                               MIGRATION_STATUS_FAILED);
3028     }
3030     return ret;
3032 fail_closefb:
3033     qemu_fclose(fb);
3034 fail:
3035     migrate_set_state(&ms->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE,
3036                           MIGRATION_STATUS_FAILED);
3037     if (restart_block) {
3038         /* A failure happened early enough that we know the destination hasn't
3039          * accessed block devices, so we're safe to recover.
3040          */
3041         Error *local_err = NULL;
3043         bdrv_invalidate_cache_all(&local_err);
3044         if (local_err) {
3045             error_report_err(local_err);
3046         }
3047     }
3048     qemu_mutex_unlock_iothread();
3049     return -1;
3053  * migration_maybe_pause: Pause if required to by
3054  * migrate_pause_before_switchover called with the iothread locked
3055  * Returns: 0 on success
3056  */
3057 static int migration_maybe_pause(MigrationState *s,
3058                                  int *current_active_state,
3059                                  int new_state)
3061     if (!migrate_pause_before_switchover()) {
3062         return 0;
3063     }
3065     /* Since leaving this state is not atomic with posting the semaphore
3066      * it's possible that someone could have issued multiple migrate_continue
3067      * and the semaphore is incorrectly positive at this point;
3068      * the docs say it's undefined to reinit a semaphore that's already
3069      * init'd, so use timedwait to eat up any existing posts.
3070      */
3071     while (qemu_sem_timedwait(&s->pause_sem, 1) == 0) {
3072         /* This block intentionally left blank */
3073     }
3075     /*
3076      * If the migration is cancelled when it is in the completion phase,
3077      * the migration state is set to MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLING.
3078      * So we don't need to wait a semaphore, otherwise we would always
3079      * wait for the 'pause_sem' semaphore.
3080      */
3081     if (s->state != MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLING) {
3082         qemu_mutex_unlock_iothread();
3083         migrate_set_state(&s->state, *current_active_state,
3084                           MIGRATION_STATUS_PRE_SWITCHOVER);
3085         qemu_sem_wait(&s->pause_sem);
3086         migrate_set_state(&s->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_PRE_SWITCHOVER,
3087                           new_state);
3088         *current_active_state = new_state;
3089         qemu_mutex_lock_iothread();
3090     }
3092     return s->state == new_state ? 0 : -EINVAL;
3096  * migration_completion: Used by migration_thread when there's not much left.
3097  *   The caller 'breaks' the loop when this returns.
3099  * @s: Current migration state
3100  */
3101 static void migration_completion(MigrationState *s)
3103     int ret;
3104     int current_active_state = s->state;
3106     if (s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_ACTIVE) {
3107         qemu_mutex_lock_iothread();
3108         s->downtime_start = qemu_clock_get_ms(QEMU_CLOCK_REALTIME);
3109         qemu_system_wakeup_request(QEMU_WAKEUP_REASON_OTHER, NULL);
3110         s->vm_was_running = runstate_is_running();
3111         ret = global_state_store();
3113         if (!ret) {
3114             bool inactivate = !migrate_colo_enabled();
3115             ret = vm_stop_force_state(RUN_STATE_FINISH_MIGRATE);
3116             if (ret >= 0) {
3117                 ret = migration_maybe_pause(s, &current_active_state,
3118                                             MIGRATION_STATUS_DEVICE);
3119             }
3120             if (ret >= 0) {
3121                 qemu_file_set_rate_limit(s->to_dst_file, INT64_MAX);
3122                 ret = qemu_savevm_state_complete_precopy(s->to_dst_file, false,
3123                                                          inactivate);
3124             }
3125             if (inactivate && ret >= 0) {
3126                 s->block_inactive = true;
3127             }
3128         }
3129         qemu_mutex_unlock_iothread();
3131         if (ret < 0) {
3132             goto fail;
3133         }
3134     } else if (s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE) {
3135         trace_migration_completion_postcopy_end();
3137         qemu_savevm_state_complete_postcopy(s->to_dst_file);
3138         trace_migration_completion_postcopy_end_after_complete();
3139     } else if (s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLING) {
3140         goto fail;
3141     }
3143     /*
3144      * If rp was opened we must clean up the thread before
3145      * cleaning everything else up (since if there are no failures
3146      * it will wait for the destination to send it's status in
3147      * a SHUT command).
3148      */
3149     if (s->rp_state.from_dst_file) {
3150         int rp_error;
3151         trace_migration_return_path_end_before();
3152         rp_error = await_return_path_close_on_source(s);
3153         trace_migration_return_path_end_after(rp_error);
3154         if (rp_error) {
3155             goto fail_invalidate;
3156         }
3157     }
3159     if (qemu_file_get_error(s->to_dst_file)) {
3160         trace_migration_completion_file_err();
3161         goto fail_invalidate;
3162     }
3164     if (!migrate_colo_enabled()) {
3165         migrate_set_state(&s->state, current_active_state,
3166                           MIGRATION_STATUS_COMPLETED);
3167     }
3169     return;
3171 fail_invalidate:
3172     /* If not doing postcopy, vm_start() will be called: let's regain
3173      * control on images.
3174      */
3175     if (s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_ACTIVE ||
3176         s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_DEVICE) {
3177         Error *local_err = NULL;
3179         qemu_mutex_lock_iothread();
3180         bdrv_invalidate_cache_all(&local_err);
3181         if (local_err) {
3182             error_report_err(local_err);
3183         } else {
3184             s->block_inactive = false;
3185         }
3186         qemu_mutex_unlock_iothread();
3187     }
3189 fail:
3190     migrate_set_state(&s->state, current_active_state,
3191                       MIGRATION_STATUS_FAILED);
3195  * bg_migration_completion: Used by bg_migration_thread when after all the
3196  *   RAM has been saved. The caller 'breaks' the loop when this returns.
3198  * @s: Current migration state
3199  */
3200 static void bg_migration_completion(MigrationState *s)
3202     int current_active_state = s->state;
3204     /*
3205      * Stop tracking RAM writes - un-protect memory, un-register UFFD
3206      * memory ranges, flush kernel wait queues and wake up threads
3207      * waiting for write fault to be resolved.
3208      */
3209     ram_write_tracking_stop();
3211     if (s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_ACTIVE) {
3212         /*
3213          * By this moment we have RAM content saved into the migration stream.
3214          * The next step is to flush the non-RAM content (device state)
3215          * right after the ram content. The device state has been stored into
3216          * the temporary buffer before RAM saving started.
3217          */
3218         qemu_put_buffer(s->to_dst_file, s->bioc->data, s->bioc->usage);
3219         qemu_fflush(s->to_dst_file);
3220     } else if (s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLING) {
3221         goto fail;
3222     }
3224     if (qemu_file_get_error(s->to_dst_file)) {
3225         trace_migration_completion_file_err();
3226         goto fail;
3227     }
3229     migrate_set_state(&s->state, current_active_state,
3230                       MIGRATION_STATUS_COMPLETED);
3231     return;
3233 fail:
3234     migrate_set_state(&s->state, current_active_state,
3235                       MIGRATION_STATUS_FAILED);
3238 bool migrate_colo_enabled(void)
3240     MigrationState *s = migrate_get_current();
3241     return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_X_COLO];
3244 typedef enum MigThrError {
3245     /* No error detected */
3246     MIG_THR_ERR_NONE = 0,
3247     /* Detected error, but resumed successfully */
3248     MIG_THR_ERR_RECOVERED = 1,
3249     /* Detected fatal error, need to exit */
3250     MIG_THR_ERR_FATAL = 2,
3251 } MigThrError;
3253 static int postcopy_resume_handshake(MigrationState *s)
3255     qemu_savevm_send_postcopy_resume(s->to_dst_file);
3257     while (s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_RECOVER) {
3258         qemu_sem_wait(&s->rp_state.rp_sem);
3259     }
3261     if (s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE) {
3262         return 0;
3263     }
3265     return -1;
3268 /* Return zero if success, or <0 for error */
3269 static int postcopy_do_resume(MigrationState *s)
3271     int ret;
3273     /*
3274      * Call all the resume_prepare() hooks, so that modules can be
3275      * ready for the migration resume.
3276      */
3277     ret = qemu_savevm_state_resume_prepare(s);
3278     if (ret) {
3279         error_report("%s: resume_prepare() failure detected: %d",
3280                      __func__, ret);
3281         return ret;
3282     }
3284     /*
3285      * Last handshake with destination on the resume (destination will
3286      * switch to postcopy-active afterwards)
3287      */
3288     ret = postcopy_resume_handshake(s);
3289     if (ret) {
3290         error_report("%s: handshake failed: %d", __func__, ret);
3291         return ret;
3292     }
3294     return 0;
3298  * We don't return until we are in a safe state to continue current
3299  * postcopy migration.  Returns MIG_THR_ERR_RECOVERED if recovered, or
3300  * MIG_THR_ERR_FATAL if unrecovery failure happened.
3301  */
3302 static MigThrError postcopy_pause(MigrationState *s)
3304     assert(s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE);
3306     while (true) {
3307         QEMUFile *file;
3309         /* Current channel is possibly broken. Release it. */
3310         assert(s->to_dst_file);
3311         qemu_mutex_lock(&s->qemu_file_lock);
3312         file = s->to_dst_file;
3313         s->to_dst_file = NULL;
3314         qemu_mutex_unlock(&s->qemu_file_lock);
3316         qemu_file_shutdown(file);
3317         qemu_fclose(file);
3319         migrate_set_state(&s->state, s->state,
3320                           MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_PAUSED);
3322         error_report("Detected IO failure for postcopy. "
3323                      "Migration paused.");
3325         /*
3326          * We wait until things fixed up. Then someone will setup the
3327          * status back for us.
3328          */
3329         while (s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_PAUSED) {
3330             qemu_sem_wait(&s->postcopy_pause_sem);
3331         }
3333         if (s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_RECOVER) {
3334             /* Woken up by a recover procedure. Give it a shot */
3336             /*
3337              * Firstly, let's wake up the return path now, with a new
3338              * return path channel.
3339              */
3340             qemu_sem_post(&s->postcopy_pause_rp_sem);
3342             /* Do the resume logic */
3343             if (postcopy_do_resume(s) == 0) {
3344                 /* Let's continue! */
3345                 trace_postcopy_pause_continued();
3346                 return MIG_THR_ERR_RECOVERED;
3347             } else {
3348                 /*
3349                  * Something wrong happened during the recovery, let's
3350                  * pause again. Pause is always better than throwing
3351                  * data away.
3352                  */
3353                 continue;
3354             }
3355         } else {
3356             /* This is not right... Time to quit. */
3357             return MIG_THR_ERR_FATAL;
3358         }
3359     }
3362 static MigThrError migration_detect_error(MigrationState *s)
3364     int ret;
3365     int state = s->state;
3366     Error *local_error = NULL;
3368     if (state == MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLING ||
3369         state == MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLED) {
3370         /* End the migration, but don't set the state to failed */
3371         return MIG_THR_ERR_FATAL;
3372     }
3374     /* Try to detect any file errors */
3375     ret = qemu_file_get_error_obj(s->to_dst_file, &local_error);
3376     if (!ret) {
3377         /* Everything is fine */
3378         assert(!local_error);
3379         return MIG_THR_ERR_NONE;
3380     }
3382     if (local_error) {
3383         migrate_set_error(s, local_error);
3384         error_free(local_error);
3385     }
3387     if (state == MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE && ret == -EIO) {
3388         /*
3389          * For postcopy, we allow the network to be down for a
3390          * while. After that, it can be continued by a
3391          * recovery phase.
3392          */
3393         return postcopy_pause(s);
3394     } else {
3395         /*
3396          * For precopy (or postcopy with error outside IO), we fail
3397          * with no time.
3398          */
3399         migrate_set_state(&s->state, state, MIGRATION_STATUS_FAILED);
3400         trace_migration_thread_file_err();
3402         /* Time to stop the migration, now. */
3403         return MIG_THR_ERR_FATAL;
3404     }
3407 /* How many bytes have we transferred since the beginning of the migration */
3408 static uint64_t migration_total_bytes(MigrationState *s)
3410     return qemu_ftell(s->to_dst_file) + ram_counters.multifd_bytes;
3413 static void migration_calculate_complete(MigrationState *s)
3415     uint64_t bytes = migration_total_bytes(s);
3416     int64_t end_time = qemu_clock_get_ms(QEMU_CLOCK_REALTIME);
3417     int64_t transfer_time;
3419     s->total_time = end_time - s->start_time;
3420     if (!s->downtime) {
3421         /*
3422          * It's still not set, so we are precopy migration.  For
3423          * postcopy, downtime is calculated during postcopy_start().
3424          */
3425         s->downtime = end_time - s->downtime_start;
3426     }
3428     transfer_time = s->total_time - s->setup_time;
3429     if (transfer_time) {
3430         s->mbps = ((double) bytes * 8.0) / transfer_time / 1000;
3431     }
3434 static void update_iteration_initial_status(MigrationState *s)
3436     /*
3437      * Update these three fields at the same time to avoid mismatch info lead
3438      * wrong speed calculation.
3439      */
3440     s->iteration_start_time = qemu_clock_get_ms(QEMU_CLOCK_REALTIME);
3441     s->iteration_initial_bytes = migration_total_bytes(s);
3442     s->iteration_initial_pages = ram_get_total_transferred_pages();
3445 static void migration_update_counters(MigrationState *s,
3446                                       int64_t current_time)
3448     uint64_t transferred, transferred_pages, time_spent;
3449     uint64_t current_bytes; /* bytes transferred since the beginning */
3450     double bandwidth;
3452     if (current_time < s->iteration_start_time + BUFFER_DELAY) {
3453         return;
3454     }
3456     current_bytes = migration_total_bytes(s);
3457     transferred = current_bytes - s->iteration_initial_bytes;
3458     time_spent = current_time - s->iteration_start_time;
3459     bandwidth = (double)transferred / time_spent;
3460     s->threshold_size = bandwidth * s->parameters.downtime_limit;
3462     s->mbps = (((double) transferred * 8.0) /
3463                ((double) time_spent / 1000.0)) / 1000.0 / 1000.0;
3465     transferred_pages = ram_get_total_transferred_pages() -
3466                             s->iteration_initial_pages;
3467     s->pages_per_second = (double) transferred_pages /
3468                              (((double) time_spent / 1000.0));
3470     /*
3471      * if we haven't sent anything, we don't want to
3472      * recalculate. 10000 is a small enough number for our purposes
3473      */
3474     if (ram_counters.dirty_pages_rate && transferred > 10000) {
3475         s->expected_downtime = ram_counters.remaining / bandwidth;
3476     }
3478     qemu_file_reset_rate_limit(s->to_dst_file);
3480     update_iteration_initial_status(s);
3482     trace_migrate_transferred(transferred, time_spent,
3483                               bandwidth, s->threshold_size);
3486 /* Migration thread iteration status */
3487 typedef enum {
3488     MIG_ITERATE_RESUME,         /* Resume current iteration */
3489     MIG_ITERATE_SKIP,           /* Skip current iteration */
3490     MIG_ITERATE_BREAK,          /* Break the loop */
3491 } MigIterateState;
3494  * Return true if continue to the next iteration directly, false
3495  * otherwise.
3496  */
3497 static MigIterateState migration_iteration_run(MigrationState *s)
3499     uint64_t pending_size, pend_pre, pend_compat, pend_post;
3500     bool in_postcopy = s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE;
3502     qemu_savevm_state_pending(s->to_dst_file, s->threshold_size, &pend_pre,
3503                               &pend_compat, &pend_post);
3504     pending_size = pend_pre + pend_compat + pend_post;
3506     trace_migrate_pending(pending_size, s->threshold_size,
3507                           pend_pre, pend_compat, pend_post);
3509     if (pending_size && pending_size >= s->threshold_size) {
3510         /* Still a significant amount to transfer */
3511         if (!in_postcopy && pend_pre <= s->threshold_size &&
3512             qatomic_read(&s->start_postcopy)) {
3513             if (postcopy_start(s)) {
3514                 error_report("%s: postcopy failed to start", __func__);
3515             }
3516             return MIG_ITERATE_SKIP;
3517         }
3518         /* Just another iteration step */
3519         qemu_savevm_state_iterate(s->to_dst_file, in_postcopy);
3520     } else {
3521         trace_migration_thread_low_pending(pending_size);
3522         migration_completion(s);
3523         return MIG_ITERATE_BREAK;
3524     }
3526     return MIG_ITERATE_RESUME;
3529 static void migration_iteration_finish(MigrationState *s)
3531     /* If we enabled cpu throttling for auto-converge, turn it off. */
3532     cpu_throttle_stop();
3534     qemu_mutex_lock_iothread();
3535     switch (s->state) {
3536     case MIGRATION_STATUS_COMPLETED:
3537         migration_calculate_complete(s);
3538         runstate_set(RUN_STATE_POSTMIGRATE);
3539         break;
3541     case MIGRATION_STATUS_ACTIVE:
3542         /*
3543          * We should really assert here, but since it's during
3544          * migration, let's try to reduce the usage of assertions.
3545          */
3546         if (!migrate_colo_enabled()) {
3547             error_report("%s: critical error: calling COLO code without "
3548                          "COLO enabled", __func__);
3549         }
3550         migrate_start_colo_process(s);
3551         /*
3552          * Fixme: we will run VM in COLO no matter its old running state.
3553          * After exited COLO, we will keep running.
3554          */
3555         s->vm_was_running = true;
3556         /* Fallthrough */
3557     case MIGRATION_STATUS_FAILED:
3558     case MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLED:
3559     case MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLING:
3560         if (s->vm_was_running) {
3561             vm_start();
3562         } else {
3563             if (runstate_check(RUN_STATE_FINISH_MIGRATE)) {
3564                 runstate_set(RUN_STATE_POSTMIGRATE);
3565             }
3566         }
3567         break;
3569     default:
3570         /* Should not reach here, but if so, forgive the VM. */
3571         error_report("%s: Unknown ending state %d", __func__, s->state);
3572         break;
3573     }
3574     migrate_fd_cleanup_schedule(s);
3575     qemu_mutex_unlock_iothread();
3578 static void bg_migration_iteration_finish(MigrationState *s)
3580     qemu_mutex_lock_iothread();
3581     switch (s->state) {
3582     case MIGRATION_STATUS_COMPLETED:
3583         migration_calculate_complete(s);
3584         break;
3586     case MIGRATION_STATUS_ACTIVE:
3587     case MIGRATION_STATUS_FAILED:
3588     case MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLED:
3589     case MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLING:
3590         break;
3592     default:
3593         /* Should not reach here, but if so, forgive the VM. */
3594         error_report("%s: Unknown ending state %d", __func__, s->state);
3595         break;
3596     }
3598     migrate_fd_cleanup_schedule(s);
3599     qemu_mutex_unlock_iothread();
3603  * Return true if continue to the next iteration directly, false
3604  * otherwise.
3605  */
3606 static MigIterateState bg_migration_iteration_run(MigrationState *s)
3608     int res;
3610     res = qemu_savevm_state_iterate(s->to_dst_file, false);
3611     if (res > 0) {
3612         bg_migration_completion(s);
3613         return MIG_ITERATE_BREAK;
3614     }
3616     return MIG_ITERATE_RESUME;
3619 void migration_make_urgent_request(void)
3621     qemu_sem_post(&migrate_get_current()->rate_limit_sem);
3624 void migration_consume_urgent_request(void)
3626     qemu_sem_wait(&migrate_get_current()->rate_limit_sem);
3629 /* Returns true if the rate limiting was broken by an urgent request */
3630 bool migration_rate_limit(void)
3632     int64_t now = qemu_clock_get_ms(QEMU_CLOCK_REALTIME);
3633     MigrationState *s = migrate_get_current();
3635     bool urgent = false;
3636     migration_update_counters(s, now);
3637     if (qemu_file_rate_limit(s->to_dst_file)) {
3639         if (qemu_file_get_error(s->to_dst_file)) {
3640             return false;
3641         }
3642         /*
3643          * Wait for a delay to do rate limiting OR
3644          * something urgent to post the semaphore.
3645          */
3646         int ms = s->iteration_start_time + BUFFER_DELAY - now;
3647         trace_migration_rate_limit_pre(ms);
3648         if (qemu_sem_timedwait(&s->rate_limit_sem, ms) == 0) {
3649             /*
3650              * We were woken by one or more urgent things but
3651              * the timedwait will have consumed one of them.
3652              * The service routine for the urgent wake will dec
3653              * the semaphore itself for each item it consumes,
3654              * so add this one we just eat back.
3655              */
3656             qemu_sem_post(&s->rate_limit_sem);
3657             urgent = true;
3658         }
3659         trace_migration_rate_limit_post(urgent);
3660     }
3661     return urgent;
3665  * Master migration thread on the source VM.
3666  * It drives the migration and pumps the data down the outgoing channel.
3667  */
3668 static void *migration_thread(void *opaque)
3670     MigrationState *s = opaque;
3671     int64_t setup_start = qemu_clock_get_ms(QEMU_CLOCK_HOST);
3672     MigThrError thr_error;
3673     bool urgent = false;
3675     rcu_register_thread();
3677     object_ref(OBJECT(s));
3678     update_iteration_initial_status(s);
3680     qemu_savevm_state_header(s->to_dst_file);
3682     /*
3683      * If we opened the return path, we need to make sure dst has it
3684      * opened as well.
3685      */
3686     if (s->rp_state.from_dst_file) {
3687         /* Now tell the dest that it should open its end so it can reply */
3688         qemu_savevm_send_open_return_path(s->to_dst_file);
3690         /* And do a ping that will make stuff easier to debug */
3691         qemu_savevm_send_ping(s->to_dst_file, 1);
3692     }
3694     if (migrate_postcopy()) {
3695         /*
3696          * Tell the destination that we *might* want to do postcopy later;
3697          * if the other end can't do postcopy it should fail now, nice and
3698          * early.
3699          */
3700         qemu_savevm_send_postcopy_advise(s->to_dst_file);
3701     }
3703     if (migrate_colo_enabled()) {
3704         /* Notify migration destination that we enable COLO */
3705         qemu_savevm_send_colo_enable(s->to_dst_file);
3706     }
3708     qemu_savevm_state_setup(s->to_dst_file);
3710     if (qemu_savevm_state_guest_unplug_pending()) {
3711         migrate_set_state(&s->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_SETUP,
3712                           MIGRATION_STATUS_WAIT_UNPLUG);
3714         while (s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_WAIT_UNPLUG &&
3715                qemu_savevm_state_guest_unplug_pending()) {
3716             qemu_sem_timedwait(&s->wait_unplug_sem, 250);
3717         }
3719         migrate_set_state(&s->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_WAIT_UNPLUG,
3720                 MIGRATION_STATUS_ACTIVE);
3721     }
3723     s->setup_time = qemu_clock_get_ms(QEMU_CLOCK_HOST) - setup_start;
3724     migrate_set_state(&s->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_SETUP,
3725                       MIGRATION_STATUS_ACTIVE);
3727     trace_migration_thread_setup_complete();
3729     while (migration_is_active(s)) {
3730         if (urgent || !qemu_file_rate_limit(s->to_dst_file)) {
3731             MigIterateState iter_state = migration_iteration_run(s);
3732             if (iter_state == MIG_ITERATE_SKIP) {
3733                 continue;
3734             } else if (iter_state == MIG_ITERATE_BREAK) {
3735                 break;
3736             }
3737         }
3739         /*
3740          * Try to detect any kind of failures, and see whether we
3741          * should stop the migration now.
3742          */
3743         thr_error = migration_detect_error(s);
3744         if (thr_error == MIG_THR_ERR_FATAL) {
3745             /* Stop migration */
3746             break;
3747         } else if (thr_error == MIG_THR_ERR_RECOVERED) {
3748             /*
3749              * Just recovered from a e.g. network failure, reset all
3750              * the local variables. This is important to avoid
3751              * breaking transferred_bytes and bandwidth calculation
3752              */
3753             update_iteration_initial_status(s);
3754         }
3756         urgent = migration_rate_limit();
3757     }
3759     trace_migration_thread_after_loop();
3760     migration_iteration_finish(s);
3761     object_unref(OBJECT(s));
3762     rcu_unregister_thread();
3763     return NULL;
3766 static void bg_migration_vm_start_bh(void *opaque)
3768     MigrationState *s = opaque;
3770     qemu_bh_delete(s->vm_start_bh);
3771     s->vm_start_bh = NULL;
3773     vm_start();
3774     s->downtime = qemu_clock_get_ms(QEMU_CLOCK_REALTIME) - s->downtime_start;
3778  * Background snapshot thread, based on live migration code.
3779  * This is an alternative implementation of live migration mechanism
3780  * introduced specifically to support background snapshots.
3782  * It takes advantage of userfault_fd write protection mechanism introduced
3783  * in v5.7 kernel. Compared to existing dirty page logging migration much
3784  * lesser stream traffic is produced resulting in smaller snapshot images,
3785  * simply cause of no page duplicates can get into the stream.
3787  * Another key point is that generated vmstate stream reflects machine state
3788  * 'frozen' at the beginning of snapshot creation compared to dirty page logging
3789  * mechanism, which effectively results in that saved snapshot is the state of VM
3790  * at the end of the process.
3791  */
3792 static void *bg_migration_thread(void *opaque)
3794     MigrationState *s = opaque;
3795     int64_t setup_start;
3796     MigThrError thr_error;
3797     QEMUFile *fb;
3798     bool early_fail = true;
3800     rcu_register_thread();
3801     object_ref(OBJECT(s));
3803     qemu_file_set_rate_limit(s->to_dst_file, INT64_MAX);
3805     setup_start = qemu_clock_get_ms(QEMU_CLOCK_HOST);
3806     /*
3807      * We want to save vmstate for the moment when migration has been
3808      * initiated but also we want to save RAM content while VM is running.
3809      * The RAM content should appear first in the vmstate. So, we first
3810      * stash the non-RAM part of the vmstate to the temporary buffer,
3811      * then write RAM part of the vmstate to the migration stream
3812      * with vCPUs running and, finally, write stashed non-RAM part of
3813      * the vmstate from the buffer to the migration stream.
3814      */
3815     s->bioc = qio_channel_buffer_new(128 * 1024);
3816     qio_channel_set_name(QIO_CHANNEL(s->bioc), "vmstate-buffer");
3817     fb = qemu_fopen_channel_output(QIO_CHANNEL(s->bioc));
3818     object_unref(OBJECT(s->bioc));
3820     update_iteration_initial_status(s);
3822     qemu_savevm_state_header(s->to_dst_file);
3823     qemu_savevm_state_setup(s->to_dst_file);
3825     if (qemu_savevm_state_guest_unplug_pending()) {
3826         migrate_set_state(&s->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_SETUP,
3827                           MIGRATION_STATUS_WAIT_UNPLUG);
3829         while (s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_WAIT_UNPLUG &&
3830                qemu_savevm_state_guest_unplug_pending()) {
3831             qemu_sem_timedwait(&s->wait_unplug_sem, 250);
3832         }
3834         migrate_set_state(&s->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_WAIT_UNPLUG,
3835                           MIGRATION_STATUS_ACTIVE);
3836     } else {
3837         migrate_set_state(&s->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_SETUP,
3838                 MIGRATION_STATUS_ACTIVE);
3839     }
3840     s->setup_time = qemu_clock_get_ms(QEMU_CLOCK_HOST) - setup_start;
3842     trace_migration_thread_setup_complete();
3843     s->downtime_start = qemu_clock_get_ms(QEMU_CLOCK_REALTIME);
3845     qemu_mutex_lock_iothread();
3847     /*
3848      * If VM is currently in suspended state, then, to make a valid runstate
3849      * transition in vm_stop_force_state() we need to wakeup it up.
3850      */
3851     qemu_system_wakeup_request(QEMU_WAKEUP_REASON_OTHER, NULL);
3852     s->vm_was_running = runstate_is_running();
3854     if (global_state_store()) {
3855         goto fail;
3856     }
3857     /* Forcibly stop VM before saving state of vCPUs and devices */
3858     if (vm_stop_force_state(RUN_STATE_PAUSED)) {
3859         goto fail;
3860     }
3861     /*
3862      * Put vCPUs in sync with shadow context structures, then
3863      * save their state to channel-buffer along with devices.
3864      */
3865     cpu_synchronize_all_states();
3866     if (qemu_savevm_state_complete_precopy_non_iterable(fb, false, false)) {
3867         goto fail;
3868     }
3869     /* Now initialize UFFD context and start tracking RAM writes */
3870     if (ram_write_tracking_start()) {
3871         goto fail;
3872     }
3873     early_fail = false;
3875     /*
3876      * Start VM from BH handler to avoid write-fault lock here.
3877      * UFFD-WP protection for the whole RAM is already enabled so
3878      * calling VM state change notifiers from vm_start() would initiate
3879      * writes to virtio VQs memory which is in write-protected region.
3880      */
3881     s->vm_start_bh = qemu_bh_new(bg_migration_vm_start_bh, s);
3882     qemu_bh_schedule(s->vm_start_bh);
3884     qemu_mutex_unlock_iothread();
3886     while (migration_is_active(s)) {
3887         MigIterateState iter_state = bg_migration_iteration_run(s);
3888         if (iter_state == MIG_ITERATE_SKIP) {
3889             continue;
3890         } else if (iter_state == MIG_ITERATE_BREAK) {
3891             break;
3892         }
3894         /*
3895          * Try to detect any kind of failures, and see whether we
3896          * should stop the migration now.
3897          */
3898         thr_error = migration_detect_error(s);
3899         if (thr_error == MIG_THR_ERR_FATAL) {
3900             /* Stop migration */
3901             break;
3902         }
3904         migration_update_counters(s, qemu_clock_get_ms(QEMU_CLOCK_REALTIME));
3905     }
3907     trace_migration_thread_after_loop();
3909 fail:
3910     if (early_fail) {
3911         migrate_set_state(&s->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_ACTIVE,
3912                 MIGRATION_STATUS_FAILED);
3913         qemu_mutex_unlock_iothread();
3914     }
3916     bg_migration_iteration_finish(s);
3918     qemu_fclose(fb);
3919     object_unref(OBJECT(s));
3920     rcu_unregister_thread();
3922     return NULL;
3925 void migrate_fd_connect(MigrationState *s, Error *error_in)
3927     Error *local_err = NULL;
3928     int64_t rate_limit;
3929     bool resume = s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_PAUSED;
3931     s->expected_downtime = s->parameters.downtime_limit;
3932     if (resume) {
3933         assert(s->cleanup_bh);
3934     } else {
3935         assert(!s->cleanup_bh);
3936         s->cleanup_bh = qemu_bh_new(migrate_fd_cleanup_bh, s);
3937     }
3938     if (error_in) {
3939         migrate_fd_error(s, error_in);
3940         migrate_fd_cleanup(s);
3941         return;
3942     }
3944     if (resume) {
3945         /* This is a resumed migration */
3946         rate_limit = s->parameters.max_postcopy_bandwidth /
3947             XFER_LIMIT_RATIO;
3948     } else {
3949         /* This is a fresh new migration */
3950         rate_limit = s->parameters.max_bandwidth / XFER_LIMIT_RATIO;
3952         /* Notify before starting migration thread */
3953         notifier_list_notify(&migration_state_notifiers, s);
3954     }
3956     qemu_file_set_rate_limit(s->to_dst_file, rate_limit);
3957     qemu_file_set_blocking(s->to_dst_file, true);
3959     /*
3960      * Open the return path. For postcopy, it is used exclusively. For
3961      * precopy, only if user specified "return-path" capability would
3962      * QEMU uses the return path.
3963      */
3964     if (migrate_postcopy_ram() || migrate_use_return_path()) {
3965         if (open_return_path_on_source(s, !resume)) {
3966             error_report("Unable to open return-path for postcopy");
3967             migrate_set_state(&s->state, s->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_FAILED);
3968             migrate_fd_cleanup(s);
3969             return;
3970         }
3971     }
3973     if (resume) {
3974         /* Wakeup the main migration thread to do the recovery */
3975         migrate_set_state(&s->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_PAUSED,
3976                           MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_RECOVER);
3977         qemu_sem_post(&s->postcopy_pause_sem);
3978         return;
3979     }
3981     if (multifd_save_setup(&local_err) != 0) {
3982         error_report_err(local_err);
3983         migrate_set_state(&s->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_SETUP,
3984                           MIGRATION_STATUS_FAILED);
3985         migrate_fd_cleanup(s);
3986         return;
3987     }
3989     if (migrate_background_snapshot()) {
3990         qemu_thread_create(&s->thread, "bg_snapshot",
3991                 bg_migration_thread, s, QEMU_THREAD_JOINABLE);
3992     } else {
3993         qemu_thread_create(&s->thread, "live_migration",
3994                 migration_thread, s, QEMU_THREAD_JOINABLE);
3995     }
3996     s->migration_thread_running = true;
3999 void migration_global_dump(Monitor *mon)
4001     MigrationState *ms = migrate_get_current();
4003     monitor_printf(mon, "globals:\n");
4004     monitor_printf(mon, "store-global-state: %s\n",
4005                    ms->store_global_state ? "on" : "off");
4006     monitor_printf(mon, "only-migratable: %s\n",
4007                    only_migratable ? "on" : "off");
4008     monitor_printf(mon, "send-configuration: %s\n",
4009                    ms->send_configuration ? "on" : "off");
4010     monitor_printf(mon, "send-section-footer: %s\n",
4011                    ms->send_section_footer ? "on" : "off");
4012     monitor_printf(mon, "decompress-error-check: %s\n",
4013                    ms->decompress_error_check ? "on" : "off");
4014     monitor_printf(mon, "clear-bitmap-shift: %u\n",
4015                    ms->clear_bitmap_shift);
4018 #define DEFINE_PROP_MIG_CAP(name, x)             \
4019     DEFINE_PROP_BOOL(name, MigrationState, enabled_capabilities[x], false)
4021 static Property migration_properties[] = {
4022     DEFINE_PROP_BOOL("store-global-state", MigrationState,
4023                      store_global_state, true),
4024     DEFINE_PROP_BOOL("send-configuration", MigrationState,
4025                      send_configuration, true),
4026     DEFINE_PROP_BOOL("send-section-footer", MigrationState,
4027                      send_section_footer, true),
4028     DEFINE_PROP_BOOL("decompress-error-check", MigrationState,
4029                       decompress_error_check, true),
4030     DEFINE_PROP_UINT8("x-clear-bitmap-shift", MigrationState,
4031                       clear_bitmap_shift, CLEAR_BITMAP_SHIFT_DEFAULT),
4033     /* Migration parameters */
4034     DEFINE_PROP_UINT8("x-compress-level", MigrationState,
4035                       parameters.compress_level,
4036                       DEFAULT_MIGRATE_COMPRESS_LEVEL),
4037     DEFINE_PROP_UINT8("x-compress-threads", MigrationState,
4038                       parameters.compress_threads,
4039                       DEFAULT_MIGRATE_COMPRESS_THREAD_COUNT),
4040     DEFINE_PROP_BOOL("x-compress-wait-thread", MigrationState,
4041                       parameters.compress_wait_thread, true),
4042     DEFINE_PROP_UINT8("x-decompress-threads", MigrationState,
4043                       parameters.decompress_threads,
4044                       DEFAULT_MIGRATE_DECOMPRESS_THREAD_COUNT),
4045     DEFINE_PROP_UINT8("x-throttle-trigger-threshold", MigrationState,
4046                       parameters.throttle_trigger_threshold,
4047                       DEFAULT_MIGRATE_THROTTLE_TRIGGER_THRESHOLD),
4048     DEFINE_PROP_UINT8("x-cpu-throttle-initial", MigrationState,
4049                       parameters.cpu_throttle_initial,
4050                       DEFAULT_MIGRATE_CPU_THROTTLE_INITIAL),
4051     DEFINE_PROP_UINT8("x-cpu-throttle-increment", MigrationState,
4052                       parameters.cpu_throttle_increment,
4053                       DEFAULT_MIGRATE_CPU_THROTTLE_INCREMENT),
4054     DEFINE_PROP_BOOL("x-cpu-throttle-tailslow", MigrationState,
4055                       parameters.cpu_throttle_tailslow, false),
4056     DEFINE_PROP_SIZE("x-max-bandwidth", MigrationState,
4057                       parameters.max_bandwidth, MAX_THROTTLE),
4058     DEFINE_PROP_UINT64("x-downtime-limit", MigrationState,
4059                       parameters.downtime_limit,
4060                       DEFAULT_MIGRATE_SET_DOWNTIME),
4061     DEFINE_PROP_UINT32("x-checkpoint-delay", MigrationState,
4062                       parameters.x_checkpoint_delay,
4063                       DEFAULT_MIGRATE_X_CHECKPOINT_DELAY),
4064     DEFINE_PROP_UINT8("multifd-channels", MigrationState,
4065                       parameters.multifd_channels,
4066                       DEFAULT_MIGRATE_MULTIFD_CHANNELS),
4067     DEFINE_PROP_MULTIFD_COMPRESSION("multifd-compression", MigrationState,
4068                       parameters.multifd_compression,
4069                       DEFAULT_MIGRATE_MULTIFD_COMPRESSION),
4070     DEFINE_PROP_UINT8("multifd-zlib-level", MigrationState,
4071                       parameters.multifd_zlib_level,
4072                       DEFAULT_MIGRATE_MULTIFD_ZLIB_LEVEL),
4073     DEFINE_PROP_UINT8("multifd-zstd-level", MigrationState,
4074                       parameters.multifd_zstd_level,
4075                       DEFAULT_MIGRATE_MULTIFD_ZSTD_LEVEL),
4076     DEFINE_PROP_SIZE("xbzrle-cache-size", MigrationState,
4077                       parameters.xbzrle_cache_size,
4078                       DEFAULT_MIGRATE_XBZRLE_CACHE_SIZE),
4079     DEFINE_PROP_SIZE("max-postcopy-bandwidth", MigrationState,
4080                       parameters.max_postcopy_bandwidth,
4081                       DEFAULT_MIGRATE_MAX_POSTCOPY_BANDWIDTH),
4082     DEFINE_PROP_UINT8("max-cpu-throttle", MigrationState,
4083                       parameters.max_cpu_throttle,
4084                       DEFAULT_MIGRATE_MAX_CPU_THROTTLE),
4085     DEFINE_PROP_SIZE("announce-initial", MigrationState,
4086                       parameters.announce_initial,
4087                       DEFAULT_MIGRATE_ANNOUNCE_INITIAL),
4088     DEFINE_PROP_SIZE("announce-max", MigrationState,
4089                       parameters.announce_max,
4090                       DEFAULT_MIGRATE_ANNOUNCE_MAX),
4091     DEFINE_PROP_SIZE("announce-rounds", MigrationState,
4092                       parameters.announce_rounds,
4093                       DEFAULT_MIGRATE_ANNOUNCE_ROUNDS),
4094     DEFINE_PROP_SIZE("announce-step", MigrationState,
4095                       parameters.announce_step,
4096                       DEFAULT_MIGRATE_ANNOUNCE_STEP),
4098     /* Migration capabilities */
4099     DEFINE_PROP_MIG_CAP("x-xbzrle", MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_XBZRLE),
4100     DEFINE_PROP_MIG_CAP("x-rdma-pin-all", MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_RDMA_PIN_ALL),
4101     DEFINE_PROP_MIG_CAP("x-auto-converge", MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_AUTO_CONVERGE),
4102     DEFINE_PROP_MIG_CAP("x-zero-blocks", MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_ZERO_BLOCKS),
4103     DEFINE_PROP_MIG_CAP("x-compress", MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_COMPRESS),
4104     DEFINE_PROP_MIG_CAP("x-events", MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_EVENTS),
4105     DEFINE_PROP_MIG_CAP("x-postcopy-ram", MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_POSTCOPY_RAM),
4106     DEFINE_PROP_MIG_CAP("x-colo", MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_X_COLO),
4107     DEFINE_PROP_MIG_CAP("x-release-ram", MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_RELEASE_RAM),
4108     DEFINE_PROP_MIG_CAP("x-block", MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_BLOCK),
4109     DEFINE_PROP_MIG_CAP("x-return-path", MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_RETURN_PATH),
4110     DEFINE_PROP_MIG_CAP("x-multifd", MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_MULTIFD),
4111     DEFINE_PROP_MIG_CAP("x-background-snapshot",
4112             MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_BACKGROUND_SNAPSHOT),
4114     DEFINE_PROP_END_OF_LIST(),
4117 static void migration_class_init(ObjectClass *klass, void *data)
4119     DeviceClass *dc = DEVICE_CLASS(klass);
4121     dc->user_creatable = false;
4122     device_class_set_props(dc, migration_properties);
4125 static void migration_instance_finalize(Object *obj)
4127     MigrationState *ms = MIGRATION_OBJ(obj);
4128     MigrationParameters *params = &ms->parameters;
4130     qemu_mutex_destroy(&ms->error_mutex);
4131     qemu_mutex_destroy(&ms->qemu_file_lock);
4132     g_free(params->tls_hostname);
4133     g_free(params->tls_creds);
4134     qemu_sem_destroy(&ms->wait_unplug_sem);
4135     qemu_sem_destroy(&ms->rate_limit_sem);
4136     qemu_sem_destroy(&ms->pause_sem);
4137     qemu_sem_destroy(&ms->postcopy_pause_sem);
4138     qemu_sem_destroy(&ms->postcopy_pause_rp_sem);
4139     qemu_sem_destroy(&ms->rp_state.rp_sem);
4140     error_free(ms->error);
4143 static void migration_instance_init(Object *obj)
4145     MigrationState *ms = MIGRATION_OBJ(obj);
4146     MigrationParameters *params = &ms->parameters;
4148     ms->state = MIGRATION_STATUS_NONE;
4149     ms->mbps = -1;
4150     ms->pages_per_second = -1;
4151     qemu_sem_init(&ms->pause_sem, 0);
4152     qemu_mutex_init(&ms->error_mutex);
4154     params->tls_hostname = g_strdup("");
4155     params->tls_creds = g_strdup("");
4157     /* Set has_* up only for parameter checks */
4158     params->has_compress_level = true;
4159     params->has_compress_threads = true;
4160     params->has_decompress_threads = true;
4161     params->has_throttle_trigger_threshold = true;
4162     params->has_cpu_throttle_initial = true;
4163     params->has_cpu_throttle_increment = true;
4164     params->has_cpu_throttle_tailslow = true;
4165     params->has_max_bandwidth = true;
4166     params->has_downtime_limit = true;
4167     params->has_x_checkpoint_delay = true;
4168     params->has_block_incremental = true;
4169     params->has_multifd_channels = true;
4170     params->has_multifd_compression = true;
4171     params->has_multifd_zlib_level = true;
4172     params->has_multifd_zstd_level = true;
4173     params->has_xbzrle_cache_size = true;
4174     params->has_max_postcopy_bandwidth = true;
4175     params->has_max_cpu_throttle = true;
4176     params->has_announce_initial = true;
4177     params->has_announce_max = true;
4178     params->has_announce_rounds = true;
4179     params->has_announce_step = true;
4181     qemu_sem_init(&ms->postcopy_pause_sem, 0);
4182     qemu_sem_init(&ms->postcopy_pause_rp_sem, 0);
4183     qemu_sem_init(&ms->rp_state.rp_sem, 0);
4184     qemu_sem_init(&ms->rate_limit_sem, 0);
4185     qemu_sem_init(&ms->wait_unplug_sem, 0);
4186     qemu_mutex_init(&ms->qemu_file_lock);
4190  * Return true if check pass, false otherwise. Error will be put
4191  * inside errp if provided.
4192  */
4193 static bool migration_object_check(MigrationState *ms, Error **errp)
4195     MigrationCapabilityStatusList *head = NULL;
4196     /* Assuming all off */
4197     bool cap_list[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY__MAX] = { 0 }, ret;
4198     int i;
4200     if (!migrate_params_check(&ms->parameters, errp)) {
4201         return false;
4202     }
4204     for (i = 0; i < MIGRATION_CAPABILITY__MAX; i++) {
4205         if (ms->enabled_capabilities[i]) {
4206             QAPI_LIST_PREPEND(head, migrate_cap_add(i, true));
4207         }
4208     }
4210     ret = migrate_caps_check(cap_list, head, errp);
4212     /* It works with head == NULL */
4213     qapi_free_MigrationCapabilityStatusList(head);
4215     return ret;
4218 static const TypeInfo migration_type = {
4219     .name = TYPE_MIGRATION,
4220     /*
4221      * NOTE: TYPE_MIGRATION is not really a device, as the object is
4222      * not created using qdev_new(), it is not attached to the qdev
4223      * device tree, and it is never realized.
4224      *
4225      * TODO: Make this TYPE_OBJECT once QOM provides something like
4226      * TYPE_DEVICE's "-global" properties.
4227      */
4228     .parent = TYPE_DEVICE,
4229     .class_init = migration_class_init,
4230     .class_size = sizeof(MigrationClass),
4231     .instance_size = sizeof(MigrationState),
4232     .instance_init = migration_instance_init,
4233     .instance_finalize = migration_instance_finalize,
4236 static void register_migration_types(void)
4238     type_register_static(&migration_type);
4241 type_init(register_migration_types);