gitk: Second try to work around the command line limit on Windows
[git/dscho.git] / git-send-email.perl
blobce569a9c8f964b3cdc8920325bc817141035c2c3
1 #!/usr/bin/perl -w
3 # Copyright 2002,2005 Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com>
4 # Copyright 2005 Ryan Anderson <ryan@michonline.com>
6 # GPL v2 (See COPYING)
8 # Ported to support git "mbox" format files by Ryan Anderson <ryan@michonline.com>
10 # Sends a collection of emails to the given email addresses, disturbingly fast.
12 # Supports two formats:
13 # 1. mbox format files (ignoring most headers and MIME formatting - this is designed for sending patches)
14 # 2. The original format support by Greg's script:
15 # first line of the message is who to CC,
16 # and second line is the subject of the message.
19 use strict;
20 use warnings;
21 use Term::ReadLine;
22 use Getopt::Long;
23 use Text::ParseWords;
24 use Data::Dumper;
25 use Term::ANSIColor;
26 use File::Temp qw/ tempdir tempfile /;
27 use Error qw(:try);
28 use Git;
30 Getopt::Long::Configure qw/ pass_through /;
32 package FakeTerm;
33 sub new {
34 my ($class, $reason) = @_;
35 return bless \$reason, shift;
37 sub readline {
38 my $self = shift;
39 die "Cannot use readline on FakeTerm: $$self";
41 package main;
44 sub usage {
45 print <<EOT;
46 git send-email [options] <file | directory | rev-list options >
48 Composing:
49 --from <str> * Email From:
50 --[no-]to <str> * Email To:
51 --[no-]cc <str> * Email Cc:
52 --[no-]bcc <str> * Email Bcc:
53 --subject <str> * Email "Subject:"
54 --in-reply-to <str> * Email "In-Reply-To:"
55 --annotate * Review each patch that will be sent in an editor.
56 --compose * Open an editor for introduction.
58 Sending:
59 --envelope-sender <str> * Email envelope sender.
60 --smtp-server <str:int> * Outgoing SMTP server to use. The port
61 is optional. Default 'localhost'.
62 --smtp-server-port <int> * Outgoing SMTP server port.
63 --smtp-user <str> * Username for SMTP-AUTH.
64 --smtp-pass <str> * Password for SMTP-AUTH; not necessary.
65 --smtp-encryption <str> * tls or ssl; anything else disables.
66 --smtp-ssl * Deprecated. Use '--smtp-encryption ssl'.
67 --smtp-domain <str> * The domain name sent to HELO/EHLO handshake
68 --smtp-debug <0|1> * Disable, enable Net::SMTP debug.
70 Automating:
71 --identity <str> * Use the sendemail.<id> options.
72 --cc-cmd <str> * Email Cc: via `<str> \$patch_path`
73 --suppress-cc <str> * author, self, sob, cc, cccmd, body, bodycc, all.
74 --[no-]signed-off-by-cc * Send to Signed-off-by: addresses. Default on.
75 --[no-]suppress-from * Send to self. Default off.
76 --[no-]chain-reply-to * Chain In-Reply-To: fields. Default off.
77 --[no-]thread * Use In-Reply-To: field. Default on.
79 Administering:
80 --confirm <str> * Confirm recipients before sending;
81 auto, cc, compose, always, or never.
82 --quiet * Output one line of info per email.
83 --dry-run * Don't actually send the emails.
84 --[no-]validate * Perform patch sanity checks. Default on.
85 --[no-]format-patch * understand any non optional arguments as
86 `git format-patch` ones.
88 EOT
89 exit(1);
92 # most mail servers generate the Date: header, but not all...
93 sub format_2822_time {
94 my ($time) = @_;
95 my @localtm = localtime($time);
96 my @gmttm = gmtime($time);
97 my $localmin = $localtm[1] + $localtm[2] * 60;
98 my $gmtmin = $gmttm[1] + $gmttm[2] * 60;
99 if ($localtm[0] != $gmttm[0]) {
100 die "local zone differs from GMT by a non-minute interval\n";
102 if ((($gmttm[6] + 1) % 7) == $localtm[6]) {
103 $localmin += 1440;
104 } elsif ((($gmttm[6] - 1) % 7) == $localtm[6]) {
105 $localmin -= 1440;
106 } elsif ($gmttm[6] != $localtm[6]) {
107 die "local time offset greater than or equal to 24 hours\n";
109 my $offset = $localmin - $gmtmin;
110 my $offhour = $offset / 60;
111 my $offmin = abs($offset % 60);
112 if (abs($offhour) >= 24) {
113 die ("local time offset greater than or equal to 24 hours\n");
116 return sprintf("%s, %2d %s %d %02d:%02d:%02d %s%02d%02d",
117 qw(Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat)[$localtm[6]],
118 $localtm[3],
119 qw(Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
120 Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec)[$localtm[4]],
121 $localtm[5]+1900,
122 $localtm[2],
123 $localtm[1],
124 $localtm[0],
125 ($offset >= 0) ? '+' : '-',
126 abs($offhour),
127 $offmin,
131 my $have_email_valid = eval { require Email::Valid; 1 };
132 my $have_mail_address = eval { require Mail::Address; 1 };
133 my $smtp;
134 my $auth;
135 my $mail_domain_default = "localhost.localdomain";
136 my $mail_domain;
138 sub unique_email_list(@);
139 sub cleanup_compose_files();
141 # Variables we fill in automatically, or via prompting:
142 my (@to,$no_to,@cc,$no_cc,@initial_cc,@bcclist,$no_bcc,@xh,
143 $initial_reply_to,$initial_subject,@files,
144 $author,$sender,$smtp_authpass,$annotate,$compose,$time);
146 my $envelope_sender;
148 # Example reply to:
149 #$initial_reply_to = ''; #<20050203173208.GA23964@foobar.com>';
151 my $repo = eval { Git->repository() };
152 my @repo = $repo ? ($repo) : ();
153 my $term = eval {
154 $ENV{"GIT_SEND_EMAIL_NOTTY"}
155 ? new Term::ReadLine 'git-send-email', \*STDIN, \*STDOUT
156 : new Term::ReadLine 'git-send-email';
158 if ($@) {
159 $term = new FakeTerm "$@: going non-interactive";
162 # Behavior modification variables
163 my ($quiet, $dry_run) = (0, 0);
164 my $format_patch;
165 my $compose_filename;
167 # Handle interactive edition of files.
168 my $multiedit;
169 my $editor;
171 sub do_edit {
172 if (!defined($editor)) {
173 $editor = Git::command_oneline('var', 'GIT_EDITOR');
175 if (defined($multiedit) && !$multiedit) {
176 map {
177 system('sh', '-c', $editor.' "$@"', $editor, $_);
178 if (($? & 127) || ($? >> 8)) {
179 die("the editor exited uncleanly, aborting everything");
181 } @_;
182 } else {
183 system('sh', '-c', $editor.' "$@"', $editor, @_);
184 if (($? & 127) || ($? >> 8)) {
185 die("the editor exited uncleanly, aborting everything");
190 # Variables with corresponding config settings
191 my ($thread, $chain_reply_to, $suppress_from, $signed_off_by_cc, $cc_cmd);
192 my ($smtp_server, $smtp_server_port, $smtp_authuser, $smtp_encryption);
193 my ($identity, $aliasfiletype, @alias_files, @smtp_host_parts);
194 my ($validate, $confirm);
195 my (@suppress_cc);
197 my ($debug_net_smtp) = 0; # Net::SMTP, see send_message()
199 my $not_set_by_user = "true but not set by the user";
201 my %config_bool_settings = (
202 "thread" => [\$thread, 1],
203 "chainreplyto" => [\$chain_reply_to, $not_set_by_user],
204 "suppressfrom" => [\$suppress_from, undef],
205 "signedoffbycc" => [\$signed_off_by_cc, undef],
206 "signedoffcc" => [\$signed_off_by_cc, undef], # Deprecated
207 "validate" => [\$validate, 1],
210 my %config_settings = (
211 "smtpserver" => \$smtp_server,
212 "smtpserverport" => \$smtp_server_port,
213 "smtpuser" => \$smtp_authuser,
214 "smtppass" => \$smtp_authpass,
215 "to" => \@to,
216 "cc" => \@initial_cc,
217 "cccmd" => \$cc_cmd,
218 "aliasfiletype" => \$aliasfiletype,
219 "bcc" => \@bcclist,
220 "aliasesfile" => \@alias_files,
221 "suppresscc" => \@suppress_cc,
222 "envelopesender" => \$envelope_sender,
223 "multiedit" => \$multiedit,
224 "confirm" => \$confirm,
225 "from" => \$sender,
228 # Help users prepare for 1.7.0
229 sub chain_reply_to {
230 if (defined $chain_reply_to &&
231 $chain_reply_to eq $not_set_by_user) {
232 print STDERR
233 "In git 1.7.0, the default has changed to --no-chain-reply-to\n" .
234 "Set sendemail.chainreplyto configuration variable to true if\n" .
235 "you want to keep --chain-reply-to as your default.\n";
236 $chain_reply_to = 0;
238 return $chain_reply_to;
241 # Handle Uncouth Termination
242 sub signal_handler {
244 # Make text normal
245 print color("reset"), "\n";
247 # SMTP password masked
248 system "stty echo";
250 # tmp files from --compose
251 if (defined $compose_filename) {
252 if (-e $compose_filename) {
253 print "'$compose_filename' contains an intermediate version of the email you were composing.\n";
255 if (-e ($compose_filename . ".final")) {
256 print "'$compose_filename.final' contains the composed email.\n"
260 exit;
263 $SIG{TERM} = \&signal_handler;
264 $SIG{INT} = \&signal_handler;
266 # Begin by accumulating all the variables (defined above), that we will end up
267 # needing, first, from the command line:
269 my $rc = GetOptions("sender|from=s" => \$sender,
270 "in-reply-to=s" => \$initial_reply_to,
271 "subject=s" => \$initial_subject,
272 "to=s" => \@to,
273 "no-to" => \$no_to,
274 "cc=s" => \@initial_cc,
275 "no-cc" => \$no_cc,
276 "bcc=s" => \@bcclist,
277 "no-bcc" => \$no_bcc,
278 "chain-reply-to!" => \$chain_reply_to,
279 "smtp-server=s" => \$smtp_server,
280 "smtp-server-port=s" => \$smtp_server_port,
281 "smtp-user=s" => \$smtp_authuser,
282 "smtp-pass:s" => \$smtp_authpass,
283 "smtp-ssl" => sub { $smtp_encryption = 'ssl' },
284 "smtp-encryption=s" => \$smtp_encryption,
285 "smtp-debug:i" => \$debug_net_smtp,
286 "smtp-domain:s" => \$mail_domain,
287 "identity=s" => \$identity,
288 "annotate" => \$annotate,
289 "compose" => \$compose,
290 "quiet" => \$quiet,
291 "cc-cmd=s" => \$cc_cmd,
292 "suppress-from!" => \$suppress_from,
293 "suppress-cc=s" => \@suppress_cc,
294 "signed-off-cc|signed-off-by-cc!" => \$signed_off_by_cc,
295 "confirm=s" => \$confirm,
296 "dry-run" => \$dry_run,
297 "envelope-sender=s" => \$envelope_sender,
298 "thread!" => \$thread,
299 "validate!" => \$validate,
300 "format-patch!" => \$format_patch,
303 unless ($rc) {
304 usage();
307 die "Cannot run git format-patch from outside a repository\n"
308 if $format_patch and not $repo;
310 # Now, let's fill any that aren't set in with defaults:
312 sub read_config {
313 my ($prefix) = @_;
315 foreach my $setting (keys %config_bool_settings) {
316 my $target = $config_bool_settings{$setting}->[0];
317 $$target = Git::config_bool(@repo, "$prefix.$setting") unless (defined $$target);
320 foreach my $setting (keys %config_settings) {
321 my $target = $config_settings{$setting};
322 next if $setting eq "to" and defined $no_to;
323 next if $setting eq "cc" and defined $no_cc;
324 next if $setting eq "bcc" and defined $no_bcc;
325 if (ref($target) eq "ARRAY") {
326 unless (@$target) {
327 my @values = Git::config(@repo, "$prefix.$setting");
328 @$target = @values if (@values && defined $values[0]);
331 else {
332 $$target = Git::config(@repo, "$prefix.$setting") unless (defined $$target);
336 if (!defined $smtp_encryption) {
337 my $enc = Git::config(@repo, "$prefix.smtpencryption");
338 if (defined $enc) {
339 $smtp_encryption = $enc;
340 } elsif (Git::config_bool(@repo, "$prefix.smtpssl")) {
341 $smtp_encryption = 'ssl';
346 # read configuration from [sendemail "$identity"], fall back on [sendemail]
347 $identity = Git::config(@repo, "sendemail.identity") unless (defined $identity);
348 read_config("sendemail.$identity") if (defined $identity);
349 read_config("sendemail");
351 # fall back on builtin bool defaults
352 foreach my $setting (values %config_bool_settings) {
353 ${$setting->[0]} = $setting->[1] unless (defined (${$setting->[0]}));
356 # 'default' encryption is none -- this only prevents a warning
357 $smtp_encryption = '' unless (defined $smtp_encryption);
359 # Set CC suppressions
360 my(%suppress_cc);
361 if (@suppress_cc) {
362 foreach my $entry (@suppress_cc) {
363 die "Unknown --suppress-cc field: '$entry'\n"
364 unless $entry =~ /^(all|cccmd|cc|author|self|sob|body|bodycc)$/;
365 $suppress_cc{$entry} = 1;
369 if ($suppress_cc{'all'}) {
370 foreach my $entry (qw (cccmd cc author self sob body bodycc)) {
371 $suppress_cc{$entry} = 1;
373 delete $suppress_cc{'all'};
376 # If explicit old-style ones are specified, they trump --suppress-cc.
377 $suppress_cc{'self'} = $suppress_from if defined $suppress_from;
378 $suppress_cc{'sob'} = !$signed_off_by_cc if defined $signed_off_by_cc;
380 if ($suppress_cc{'body'}) {
381 foreach my $entry (qw (sob bodycc)) {
382 $suppress_cc{$entry} = 1;
384 delete $suppress_cc{'body'};
387 # Set confirm's default value
388 my $confirm_unconfigured = !defined $confirm;
389 if ($confirm_unconfigured) {
390 $confirm = scalar %suppress_cc ? 'compose' : 'auto';
392 die "Unknown --confirm setting: '$confirm'\n"
393 unless $confirm =~ /^(?:auto|cc|compose|always|never)/;
395 # Debugging, print out the suppressions.
396 if (0) {
397 print "suppressions:\n";
398 foreach my $entry (keys %suppress_cc) {
399 printf " %-5s -> $suppress_cc{$entry}\n", $entry;
403 my ($repoauthor, $repocommitter);
404 ($repoauthor) = Git::ident_person(@repo, 'author');
405 ($repocommitter) = Git::ident_person(@repo, 'committer');
407 # Verify the user input
409 foreach my $entry (@to) {
410 die "Comma in --to entry: $entry'\n" unless $entry !~ m/,/;
413 foreach my $entry (@initial_cc) {
414 die "Comma in --cc entry: $entry'\n" unless $entry !~ m/,/;
417 foreach my $entry (@bcclist) {
418 die "Comma in --bcclist entry: $entry'\n" unless $entry !~ m/,/;
421 sub parse_address_line {
422 if ($have_mail_address) {
423 return map { $_->format } Mail::Address->parse($_[0]);
424 } else {
425 return split_addrs($_[0]);
429 sub split_addrs {
430 return quotewords('\s*,\s*', 1, @_);
433 my %aliases;
434 my %parse_alias = (
435 # multiline formats can be supported in the future
436 mutt => sub { my $fh = shift; while (<$fh>) {
437 if (/^\s*alias\s+(?:-group\s+\S+\s+)*(\S+)\s+(.*)$/) {
438 my ($alias, $addr) = ($1, $2);
439 $addr =~ s/#.*$//; # mutt allows # comments
440 # commas delimit multiple addresses
441 $aliases{$alias} = [ split_addrs($addr) ];
442 }}},
443 mailrc => sub { my $fh = shift; while (<$fh>) {
444 if (/^alias\s+(\S+)\s+(.*)$/) {
445 # spaces delimit multiple addresses
446 $aliases{$1} = [ quotewords('\s+', 0, $2) ];
447 }}},
448 pine => sub { my $fh = shift; my $f='\t[^\t]*';
449 for (my $x = ''; defined($x); $x = $_) {
450 chomp $x;
451 $x .= $1 while(defined($_ = <$fh>) && /^ +(.*)$/);
452 $x =~ /^(\S+)$f\t\(?([^\t]+?)\)?(:?$f){0,2}$/ or next;
453 $aliases{$1} = [ split_addrs($2) ];
455 elm => sub { my $fh = shift;
456 while (<$fh>) {
457 if (/^(\S+)\s+=\s+[^=]+=\s(\S+)/) {
458 my ($alias, $addr) = ($1, $2);
459 $aliases{$alias} = [ split_addrs($addr) ];
461 } },
463 gnus => sub { my $fh = shift; while (<$fh>) {
464 if (/\(define-mail-alias\s+"(\S+?)"\s+"(\S+?)"\)/) {
465 $aliases{$1} = [ $2 ];
469 if (@alias_files and $aliasfiletype and defined $parse_alias{$aliasfiletype}) {
470 foreach my $file (@alias_files) {
471 open my $fh, '<', $file or die "opening $file: $!\n";
472 $parse_alias{$aliasfiletype}->($fh);
473 close $fh;
477 ($sender) = expand_aliases($sender) if defined $sender;
479 # returns 1 if the conflict must be solved using it as a format-patch argument
480 sub check_file_rev_conflict($) {
481 return unless $repo;
482 my $f = shift;
483 try {
484 $repo->command('rev-parse', '--verify', '--quiet', $f);
485 if (defined($format_patch)) {
486 return $format_patch;
488 die(<<EOF);
489 File '$f' exists but it could also be the range of commits
490 to produce patches for. Please disambiguate by...
492 * Saying "./$f" if you mean a file; or
493 * Giving --format-patch option if you mean a range.
495 } catch Git::Error::Command with {
496 return 0;
500 # Now that all the defaults are set, process the rest of the command line
501 # arguments and collect up the files that need to be processed.
502 my @rev_list_opts;
503 while (defined(my $f = shift @ARGV)) {
504 if ($f eq "--") {
505 push @rev_list_opts, "--", @ARGV;
506 @ARGV = ();
507 } elsif (-d $f and !check_file_rev_conflict($f)) {
508 opendir(DH,$f)
509 or die "Failed to opendir $f: $!";
511 push @files, grep { -f $_ } map { +$f . "/" . $_ }
512 sort readdir(DH);
513 closedir(DH);
514 } elsif ((-f $f or -p $f) and !check_file_rev_conflict($f)) {
515 push @files, $f;
516 } else {
517 push @rev_list_opts, $f;
521 if (@rev_list_opts) {
522 die "Cannot run git format-patch from outside a repository\n"
523 unless $repo;
524 push @files, $repo->command('format-patch', '-o', tempdir(CLEANUP => 1), @rev_list_opts);
527 if ($validate) {
528 foreach my $f (@files) {
529 unless (-p $f) {
530 my $error = validate_patch($f);
531 $error and die "fatal: $f: $error\nwarning: no patches were sent\n";
536 if (@files) {
537 unless ($quiet) {
538 print $_,"\n" for (@files);
540 } else {
541 print STDERR "\nNo patch files specified!\n\n";
542 usage();
545 sub get_patch_subject($) {
546 my $fn = shift;
547 open (my $fh, '<', $fn);
548 while (my $line = <$fh>) {
549 next unless ($line =~ /^Subject: (.*)$/);
550 close $fh;
551 return "GIT: $1\n";
553 close $fh;
554 die "No subject line in $fn ?";
557 if ($compose) {
558 # Note that this does not need to be secure, but we will make a small
559 # effort to have it be unique
560 $compose_filename = ($repo ?
561 tempfile(".gitsendemail.msg.XXXXXX", DIR => $repo->repo_path()) :
562 tempfile(".gitsendemail.msg.XXXXXX", DIR => "."))[1];
563 open(C,">",$compose_filename)
564 or die "Failed to open for writing $compose_filename: $!";
567 my $tpl_sender = $sender || $repoauthor || $repocommitter || '';
568 my $tpl_subject = $initial_subject || '';
569 my $tpl_reply_to = $initial_reply_to || '';
571 print C <<EOT;
572 From $tpl_sender # This line is ignored.
573 GIT: Lines beginning in "GIT:" will be removed.
574 GIT: Consider including an overall diffstat or table of contents
575 GIT: for the patch you are writing.
576 GIT:
577 GIT: Clear the body content if you don't wish to send a summary.
578 From: $tpl_sender
579 Subject: $tpl_subject
580 In-Reply-To: $tpl_reply_to
583 for my $f (@files) {
584 print C get_patch_subject($f);
586 close(C);
588 if ($annotate) {
589 do_edit($compose_filename, @files);
590 } else {
591 do_edit($compose_filename);
594 open(C2,">",$compose_filename . ".final")
595 or die "Failed to open $compose_filename.final : " . $!;
597 open(C,"<",$compose_filename)
598 or die "Failed to open $compose_filename : " . $!;
600 my $need_8bit_cte = file_has_nonascii($compose_filename);
601 my $in_body = 0;
602 my $summary_empty = 1;
603 while(<C>) {
604 next if m/^GIT:/;
605 if ($in_body) {
606 $summary_empty = 0 unless (/^\n$/);
607 } elsif (/^\n$/) {
608 $in_body = 1;
609 if ($need_8bit_cte) {
610 print C2 "MIME-Version: 1.0\n",
611 "Content-Type: text/plain; ",
612 "charset=UTF-8\n",
613 "Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit\n";
615 } elsif (/^MIME-Version:/i) {
616 $need_8bit_cte = 0;
617 } elsif (/^Subject:\s*(.+)\s*$/i) {
618 $initial_subject = $1;
619 my $subject = $initial_subject;
620 $_ = "Subject: " .
621 ($subject =~ /[^[:ascii:]]/ ?
622 quote_rfc2047($subject) :
623 $subject) .
624 "\n";
625 } elsif (/^In-Reply-To:\s*(.+)\s*$/i) {
626 $initial_reply_to = $1;
627 next;
628 } elsif (/^From:\s*(.+)\s*$/i) {
629 $sender = $1;
630 next;
631 } elsif (/^(?:To|Cc|Bcc):/i) {
632 print "To/Cc/Bcc fields are not interpreted yet, they have been ignored\n";
633 next;
635 print C2 $_;
637 close(C);
638 close(C2);
640 if ($summary_empty) {
641 print "Summary email is empty, skipping it\n";
642 $compose = -1;
644 } elsif ($annotate) {
645 do_edit(@files);
648 sub ask {
649 my ($prompt, %arg) = @_;
650 my $valid_re = $arg{valid_re};
651 my $default = $arg{default};
652 my $resp;
653 my $i = 0;
654 return defined $default ? $default : undef
655 unless defined $term->IN and defined fileno($term->IN) and
656 defined $term->OUT and defined fileno($term->OUT);
657 while ($i++ < 10) {
658 $resp = $term->readline($prompt);
659 if (!defined $resp) { # EOF
660 print "\n";
661 return defined $default ? $default : undef;
663 if ($resp eq '' and defined $default) {
664 return $default;
666 if (!defined $valid_re or $resp =~ /$valid_re/) {
667 return $resp;
670 return undef;
673 my $prompting = 0;
674 if (!defined $sender) {
675 $sender = $repoauthor || $repocommitter || '';
676 $sender = ask("Who should the emails appear to be from? [$sender] ",
677 default => $sender);
678 print "Emails will be sent from: ", $sender, "\n";
679 $prompting++;
682 if (!@to) {
683 my $to = ask("Who should the emails be sent to? ");
684 push @to, parse_address_line($to) if defined $to; # sanitized/validated later
685 $prompting++;
688 sub expand_aliases {
689 return map { expand_one_alias($_) } @_;
692 my %EXPANDED_ALIASES;
693 sub expand_one_alias {
694 my $alias = shift;
695 if ($EXPANDED_ALIASES{$alias}) {
696 die "fatal: alias '$alias' expands to itself\n";
698 local $EXPANDED_ALIASES{$alias} = 1;
699 return $aliases{$alias} ? expand_aliases(@{$aliases{$alias}}) : $alias;
702 @to = expand_aliases(@to);
703 @to = (map { sanitize_address($_) } @to);
704 @initial_cc = expand_aliases(@initial_cc);
705 @bcclist = expand_aliases(@bcclist);
707 if ($thread && !defined $initial_reply_to && $prompting) {
708 $initial_reply_to = ask(
709 "Message-ID to be used as In-Reply-To for the first email? ");
711 if (defined $initial_reply_to) {
712 $initial_reply_to =~ s/^\s*<?//;
713 $initial_reply_to =~ s/>?\s*$//;
714 $initial_reply_to = "<$initial_reply_to>" if $initial_reply_to ne '';
717 if (!defined $smtp_server) {
718 foreach (qw( /usr/sbin/sendmail /usr/lib/sendmail )) {
719 if (-x $_) {
720 $smtp_server = $_;
721 last;
724 $smtp_server ||= 'localhost'; # could be 127.0.0.1, too... *shrug*
727 if ($compose && $compose > 0) {
728 @files = ($compose_filename . ".final", @files);
731 # Variables we set as part of the loop over files
732 our ($message_id, %mail, $subject, $reply_to, $references, $message,
733 $needs_confirm, $message_num, $ask_default);
735 sub extract_valid_address {
736 my $address = shift;
737 my $local_part_regexp = '[^<>"\s@]+';
738 my $domain_regexp = '[^.<>"\s@]+(?:\.[^.<>"\s@]+)+';
740 # check for a local address:
741 return $address if ($address =~ /^($local_part_regexp)$/);
743 $address =~ s/^\s*<(.*)>\s*$/$1/;
744 if ($have_email_valid) {
745 return scalar Email::Valid->address($address);
746 } else {
747 # less robust/correct than the monster regexp in Email::Valid,
748 # but still does a 99% job, and one less dependency
749 $address =~ /($local_part_regexp\@$domain_regexp)/;
750 return $1;
754 # Usually don't need to change anything below here.
756 # we make a "fake" message id by taking the current number
757 # of seconds since the beginning of Unix time and tacking on
758 # a random number to the end, in case we are called quicker than
759 # 1 second since the last time we were called.
761 # We'll setup a template for the message id, using the "from" address:
763 my ($message_id_stamp, $message_id_serial);
764 sub make_message_id
766 my $uniq;
767 if (!defined $message_id_stamp) {
768 $message_id_stamp = sprintf("%s-%s", time, $$);
769 $message_id_serial = 0;
771 $message_id_serial++;
772 $uniq = "$message_id_stamp-$message_id_serial";
774 my $du_part;
775 for ($sender, $repocommitter, $repoauthor) {
776 $du_part = extract_valid_address(sanitize_address($_));
777 last if (defined $du_part and $du_part ne '');
779 if (not defined $du_part or $du_part eq '') {
780 use Sys::Hostname qw();
781 $du_part = 'user@' . Sys::Hostname::hostname();
783 my $message_id_template = "<%s-git-send-email-%s>";
784 $message_id = sprintf($message_id_template, $uniq, $du_part);
785 #print "new message id = $message_id\n"; # Was useful for debugging
790 $time = time - scalar $#files;
792 sub unquote_rfc2047 {
793 local ($_) = @_;
794 my $encoding;
795 if (s/=\?([^?]+)\?q\?(.*)\?=/$2/g) {
796 $encoding = $1;
797 s/_/ /g;
798 s/=([0-9A-F]{2})/chr(hex($1))/eg;
800 return wantarray ? ($_, $encoding) : $_;
803 sub quote_rfc2047 {
804 local $_ = shift;
805 my $encoding = shift || 'UTF-8';
806 s/([^-a-zA-Z0-9!*+\/])/sprintf("=%02X", ord($1))/eg;
807 s/(.*)/=\?$encoding\?q\?$1\?=/;
808 return $_;
811 sub is_rfc2047_quoted {
812 my $s = shift;
813 my $token = '[^][()<>@,;:"\/?.= \000-\037\177-\377]+';
814 my $encoded_text = '[!->@-~]+';
815 length($s) <= 75 &&
816 $s =~ m/^(?:"[[:ascii:]]*"|=\?$token\?$token\?$encoded_text\?=)$/o;
819 # use the simplest quoting being able to handle the recipient
820 sub sanitize_address
822 my ($recipient) = @_;
823 my ($recipient_name, $recipient_addr) = ($recipient =~ /^(.*?)\s*(<.*)/);
825 if (not $recipient_name) {
826 return "$recipient";
829 # if recipient_name is already quoted, do nothing
830 if (is_rfc2047_quoted($recipient_name)) {
831 return $recipient;
834 # rfc2047 is needed if a non-ascii char is included
835 if ($recipient_name =~ /[^[:ascii:]]/) {
836 $recipient_name =~ s/^"(.*)"$/$1/;
837 $recipient_name = quote_rfc2047($recipient_name);
840 # double quotes are needed if specials or CTLs are included
841 elsif ($recipient_name =~ /[][()<>@,;:\\".\000-\037\177]/) {
842 $recipient_name =~ s/(["\\\r])/\\$1/g;
843 $recipient_name = "\"$recipient_name\"";
846 return "$recipient_name $recipient_addr";
850 # Returns the local Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) if available.
852 # Tightly configured MTAa require that a caller sends a real DNS
853 # domain name that corresponds the IP address in the HELO/EHLO
854 # handshake. This is used to verify the connection and prevent
855 # spammers from trying to hide their identity. If the DNS and IP don't
856 # match, the receiveing MTA may deny the connection.
858 # Here is a deny example of Net::SMTP with the default "localhost.localdomain"
860 # Net::SMTP=GLOB(0x267ec28)>>> EHLO localhost.localdomain
861 # Net::SMTP=GLOB(0x267ec28)<<< 550 EHLO argument does not match calling host
863 # This maildomain*() code is based on ideas in Perl library Test::Reporter
864 # /usr/share/perl5/Test/Reporter/Mail/Util.pm ==> sub _maildomain ()
866 sub maildomain_net
868 my $maildomain;
870 if (eval { require Net::Domain; 1 }) {
871 my $domain = Net::Domain::domainname();
872 $maildomain = $domain
873 unless $^O eq 'darwin' && $domain =~ /\.local$/;
876 return $maildomain;
879 sub maildomain_mta
881 my $maildomain;
883 if (eval { require Net::SMTP; 1 }) {
884 for my $host (qw(mailhost localhost)) {
885 my $smtp = Net::SMTP->new($host);
886 if (defined $smtp) {
887 my $domain = $smtp->domain;
888 $smtp->quit;
890 $maildomain = $domain
891 unless $^O eq 'darwin' && $domain =~ /\.local$/;
893 last if $maildomain;
898 return $maildomain;
901 sub maildomain
903 return maildomain_net() || maildomain_mta() || $mail_domain_default;
906 # Returns 1 if the message was sent, and 0 otherwise.
907 # In actuality, the whole program dies when there
908 # is an error sending a message.
910 sub send_message
912 my @recipients = unique_email_list(@to);
913 @cc = (grep { my $cc = extract_valid_address($_);
914 not grep { $cc eq $_ } @recipients
916 map { sanitize_address($_) }
917 @cc);
918 my $to = join (",\n\t", @recipients);
919 @recipients = unique_email_list(@recipients,@cc,@bcclist);
920 @recipients = (map { extract_valid_address($_) } @recipients);
921 my $date = format_2822_time($time++);
922 my $gitversion = '@@GIT_VERSION@@';
923 if ($gitversion =~ m/..GIT_VERSION../) {
924 $gitversion = Git::version();
927 my $cc = join(",\n\t", unique_email_list(@cc));
928 my $ccline = "";
929 if ($cc ne '') {
930 $ccline = "\nCc: $cc";
932 my $sanitized_sender = sanitize_address($sender);
933 make_message_id() unless defined($message_id);
935 my $header = "From: $sanitized_sender
936 To: $to${ccline}
937 Subject: $subject
938 Date: $date
939 Message-Id: $message_id
940 X-Mailer: git-send-email $gitversion
942 if ($reply_to) {
944 $header .= "In-Reply-To: $reply_to\n";
945 $header .= "References: $references\n";
947 if (@xh) {
948 $header .= join("\n", @xh) . "\n";
951 my @sendmail_parameters = ('-i', @recipients);
952 my $raw_from = $sanitized_sender;
953 if (defined $envelope_sender && $envelope_sender ne "auto") {
954 $raw_from = $envelope_sender;
956 $raw_from = extract_valid_address($raw_from);
957 unshift (@sendmail_parameters,
958 '-f', $raw_from) if(defined $envelope_sender);
960 if ($needs_confirm && !$dry_run) {
961 print "\n$header\n";
962 if ($needs_confirm eq "inform") {
963 $confirm_unconfigured = 0; # squelch this message for the rest of this run
964 $ask_default = "y"; # assume yes on EOF since user hasn't explicitly asked for confirmation
965 print " The Cc list above has been expanded by additional\n";
966 print " addresses found in the patch commit message. By default\n";
967 print " send-email prompts before sending whenever this occurs.\n";
968 print " This behavior is controlled by the sendemail.confirm\n";
969 print " configuration setting.\n";
970 print "\n";
971 print " For additional information, run 'git send-email --help'.\n";
972 print " To retain the current behavior, but squelch this message,\n";
973 print " run 'git config --global sendemail.confirm auto'.\n\n";
975 $_ = ask("Send this email? ([y]es|[n]o|[q]uit|[a]ll): ",
976 valid_re => qr/^(?:yes|y|no|n|quit|q|all|a)/i,
977 default => $ask_default);
978 die "Send this email reply required" unless defined $_;
979 if (/^n/i) {
980 return 0;
981 } elsif (/^q/i) {
982 cleanup_compose_files();
983 exit(0);
984 } elsif (/^a/i) {
985 $confirm = 'never';
989 if ($dry_run) {
990 # We don't want to send the email.
991 } elsif ($smtp_server =~ m#^/#) {
992 my $pid = open my $sm, '|-';
993 defined $pid or die $!;
994 if (!$pid) {
995 exec($smtp_server, @sendmail_parameters) or die $!;
997 print $sm "$header\n$message";
998 close $sm or die $?;
999 } else {
1001 if (!defined $smtp_server) {
1002 die "The required SMTP server is not properly defined."
1005 if ($smtp_encryption eq 'ssl') {
1006 $smtp_server_port ||= 465; # ssmtp
1007 require Net::SMTP::SSL;
1008 $mail_domain ||= maildomain();
1009 $smtp ||= Net::SMTP::SSL->new($smtp_server,
1010 Hello => $mail_domain,
1011 Port => $smtp_server_port);
1013 else {
1014 require Net::SMTP;
1015 $mail_domain ||= maildomain();
1016 $smtp ||= Net::SMTP->new((defined $smtp_server_port)
1017 ? "$smtp_server:$smtp_server_port"
1018 : $smtp_server,
1019 Hello => $mail_domain,
1020 Debug => $debug_net_smtp);
1021 if ($smtp_encryption eq 'tls' && $smtp) {
1022 require Net::SMTP::SSL;
1023 $smtp->command('STARTTLS');
1024 $smtp->response();
1025 if ($smtp->code == 220) {
1026 $smtp = Net::SMTP::SSL->start_SSL($smtp)
1027 or die "STARTTLS failed! ".$smtp->message;
1028 $smtp_encryption = '';
1029 # Send EHLO again to receive fresh
1030 # supported commands
1031 $smtp->hello();
1032 } else {
1033 die "Server does not support STARTTLS! ".$smtp->message;
1038 if (!$smtp) {
1039 die "Unable to initialize SMTP properly. Check config and use --smtp-debug. ",
1040 "VALUES: server=$smtp_server ",
1041 "encryption=$smtp_encryption ",
1042 "maildomain=$mail_domain",
1043 defined $smtp_server_port ? "port=$smtp_server_port" : "";
1046 if (defined $smtp_authuser) {
1048 if (!defined $smtp_authpass) {
1050 system "stty -echo";
1052 do {
1053 print "Password: ";
1054 $_ = <STDIN>;
1055 print "\n";
1056 } while (!defined $_);
1058 chomp($smtp_authpass = $_);
1060 system "stty echo";
1063 $auth ||= $smtp->auth( $smtp_authuser, $smtp_authpass ) or die $smtp->message;
1066 $smtp->mail( $raw_from ) or die $smtp->message;
1067 $smtp->to( @recipients ) or die $smtp->message;
1068 $smtp->data or die $smtp->message;
1069 $smtp->datasend("$header\n$message") or die $smtp->message;
1070 $smtp->dataend() or die $smtp->message;
1071 $smtp->code =~ /250|200/ or die "Failed to send $subject\n".$smtp->message;
1073 if ($quiet) {
1074 printf (($dry_run ? "Dry-" : "")."Sent %s\n", $subject);
1075 } else {
1076 print (($dry_run ? "Dry-" : "")."OK. Log says:\n");
1077 if ($smtp_server !~ m#^/#) {
1078 print "Server: $smtp_server\n";
1079 print "MAIL FROM:<$raw_from>\n";
1080 foreach my $entry (@recipients) {
1081 print "RCPT TO:<$entry>\n";
1083 } else {
1084 print "Sendmail: $smtp_server ".join(' ',@sendmail_parameters)."\n";
1086 print $header, "\n";
1087 if ($smtp) {
1088 print "Result: ", $smtp->code, ' ',
1089 ($smtp->message =~ /\n([^\n]+\n)$/s), "\n";
1090 } else {
1091 print "Result: OK\n";
1095 return 1;
1098 $reply_to = $initial_reply_to;
1099 $references = $initial_reply_to || '';
1100 $subject = $initial_subject;
1101 $message_num = 0;
1103 foreach my $t (@files) {
1104 open(F,"<",$t) or die "can't open file $t";
1106 my $author = undef;
1107 my $author_encoding;
1108 my $has_content_type;
1109 my $body_encoding;
1110 @cc = ();
1111 @xh = ();
1112 my $input_format = undef;
1113 my @header = ();
1114 $message = "";
1115 $message_num++;
1116 # First unfold multiline header fields
1117 while(<F>) {
1118 last if /^\s*$/;
1119 if (/^\s+\S/ and @header) {
1120 chomp($header[$#header]);
1121 s/^\s+/ /;
1122 $header[$#header] .= $_;
1123 } else {
1124 push(@header, $_);
1127 # Now parse the header
1128 foreach(@header) {
1129 if (/^From /) {
1130 $input_format = 'mbox';
1131 next;
1133 chomp;
1134 if (!defined $input_format && /^[-A-Za-z]+:\s/) {
1135 $input_format = 'mbox';
1138 if (defined $input_format && $input_format eq 'mbox') {
1139 if (/^Subject:\s+(.*)$/) {
1140 $subject = $1;
1142 elsif (/^From:\s+(.*)$/) {
1143 ($author, $author_encoding) = unquote_rfc2047($1);
1144 next if $suppress_cc{'author'};
1145 next if $suppress_cc{'self'} and $author eq $sender;
1146 printf("(mbox) Adding cc: %s from line '%s'\n",
1147 $1, $_) unless $quiet;
1148 push @cc, $1;
1150 elsif (/^Cc:\s+(.*)$/) {
1151 foreach my $addr (parse_address_line($1)) {
1152 if (unquote_rfc2047($addr) eq $sender) {
1153 next if ($suppress_cc{'self'});
1154 } else {
1155 next if ($suppress_cc{'cc'});
1157 printf("(mbox) Adding cc: %s from line '%s'\n",
1158 $addr, $_) unless $quiet;
1159 push @cc, $addr;
1162 elsif (/^Content-type:/i) {
1163 $has_content_type = 1;
1164 if (/charset="?([^ "]+)/) {
1165 $body_encoding = $1;
1167 push @xh, $_;
1169 elsif (/^Message-Id: (.*)/i) {
1170 $message_id = $1;
1172 elsif (!/^Date:\s/ && /^[-A-Za-z]+:\s+\S/) {
1173 push @xh, $_;
1176 } else {
1177 # In the traditional
1178 # "send lots of email" format,
1179 # line 1 = cc
1180 # line 2 = subject
1181 # So let's support that, too.
1182 $input_format = 'lots';
1183 if (@cc == 0 && !$suppress_cc{'cc'}) {
1184 printf("(non-mbox) Adding cc: %s from line '%s'\n",
1185 $_, $_) unless $quiet;
1186 push @cc, $_;
1187 } elsif (!defined $subject) {
1188 $subject = $_;
1192 # Now parse the message body
1193 while(<F>) {
1194 $message .= $_;
1195 if (/^(Signed-off-by|Cc): (.*)$/i) {
1196 chomp;
1197 my ($what, $c) = ($1, $2);
1198 chomp $c;
1199 if ($c eq $sender) {
1200 next if ($suppress_cc{'self'});
1201 } else {
1202 next if $suppress_cc{'sob'} and $what =~ /Signed-off-by/i;
1203 next if $suppress_cc{'bodycc'} and $what =~ /Cc/i;
1205 push @cc, $c;
1206 printf("(body) Adding cc: %s from line '%s'\n",
1207 $c, $_) unless $quiet;
1210 close F;
1212 if (defined $cc_cmd && !$suppress_cc{'cccmd'}) {
1213 open(F, "$cc_cmd \Q$t\E |")
1214 or die "(cc-cmd) Could not execute '$cc_cmd'";
1215 while(<F>) {
1216 my $c = $_;
1217 $c =~ s/^\s*//g;
1218 $c =~ s/\n$//g;
1219 next if ($c eq $sender and $suppress_from);
1220 push @cc, $c;
1221 printf("(cc-cmd) Adding cc: %s from: '%s'\n",
1222 $c, $cc_cmd) unless $quiet;
1224 close F
1225 or die "(cc-cmd) failed to close pipe to '$cc_cmd'";
1228 if (defined $author and $author ne $sender) {
1229 $message = "From: $author\n\n$message";
1230 if (defined $author_encoding) {
1231 if ($has_content_type) {
1232 if ($body_encoding eq $author_encoding) {
1233 # ok, we already have the right encoding
1235 else {
1236 # uh oh, we should re-encode
1239 else {
1240 push @xh,
1241 'MIME-Version: 1.0',
1242 "Content-Type: text/plain; charset=$author_encoding",
1243 'Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit';
1248 $needs_confirm = (
1249 $confirm eq "always" or
1250 ($confirm =~ /^(?:auto|cc)$/ && @cc) or
1251 ($confirm =~ /^(?:auto|compose)$/ && $compose && $message_num == 1));
1252 $needs_confirm = "inform" if ($needs_confirm && $confirm_unconfigured && @cc);
1254 @cc = (@initial_cc, @cc);
1256 my $message_was_sent = send_message();
1258 # set up for the next message
1259 if ($thread && $message_was_sent &&
1260 (chain_reply_to() || !defined $reply_to || length($reply_to) == 0)) {
1261 $reply_to = $message_id;
1262 if (length $references > 0) {
1263 $references .= "\n $message_id";
1264 } else {
1265 $references = "$message_id";
1268 $message_id = undef;
1271 cleanup_compose_files();
1273 sub cleanup_compose_files() {
1274 unlink($compose_filename, $compose_filename . ".final") if $compose;
1277 $smtp->quit if $smtp;
1279 sub unique_email_list(@) {
1280 my %seen;
1281 my @emails;
1283 foreach my $entry (@_) {
1284 if (my $clean = extract_valid_address($entry)) {
1285 $seen{$clean} ||= 0;
1286 next if $seen{$clean}++;
1287 push @emails, $entry;
1288 } else {
1289 print STDERR "W: unable to extract a valid address",
1290 " from: $entry\n";
1293 return @emails;
1296 sub validate_patch {
1297 my $fn = shift;
1298 open(my $fh, '<', $fn)
1299 or die "unable to open $fn: $!\n";
1300 while (my $line = <$fh>) {
1301 if (length($line) > 998) {
1302 return "$.: patch contains a line longer than 998 characters";
1305 return undef;
1308 sub file_has_nonascii {
1309 my $fn = shift;
1310 open(my $fh, '<', $fn)
1311 or die "unable to open $fn: $!\n";
1312 while (my $line = <$fh>) {
1313 return 1 if $line =~ /[^[:ascii:]]/;
1315 return 0;