Merge branch 'rb/hpe'
[git.git] / diff-delta.c
blobe49643353bf56807b3d4ac4011784b5d8dd6f7a4
1 /*
2 * diff-delta.c: generate a delta between two buffers
4 * This code was greatly inspired by parts of LibXDiff from Davide Libenzi
5 * http://www.xmailserver.org/xdiff-lib.html
7 * Rewritten for GIT by Nicolas Pitre <nico@fluxnic.net>, (C) 2005-2007
9 * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
10 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
11 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
14 #include "git-compat-util.h"
15 #include "delta.h"
17 /* maximum hash entry list for the same hash bucket */
18 #define HASH_LIMIT 64
20 #define RABIN_SHIFT 23
21 #define RABIN_WINDOW 16
23 static const unsigned int T[256] = {
24 0x00000000, 0xab59b4d1, 0x56b369a2, 0xfdeadd73, 0x063f6795, 0xad66d344,
25 0x508c0e37, 0xfbd5bae6, 0x0c7ecf2a, 0xa7277bfb, 0x5acda688, 0xf1941259,
26 0x0a41a8bf, 0xa1181c6e, 0x5cf2c11d, 0xf7ab75cc, 0x18fd9e54, 0xb3a42a85,
27 0x4e4ef7f6, 0xe5174327, 0x1ec2f9c1, 0xb59b4d10, 0x48719063, 0xe32824b2,
28 0x1483517e, 0xbfdae5af, 0x423038dc, 0xe9698c0d, 0x12bc36eb, 0xb9e5823a,
29 0x440f5f49, 0xef56eb98, 0x31fb3ca8, 0x9aa28879, 0x6748550a, 0xcc11e1db,
30 0x37c45b3d, 0x9c9defec, 0x6177329f, 0xca2e864e, 0x3d85f382, 0x96dc4753,
31 0x6b369a20, 0xc06f2ef1, 0x3bba9417, 0x90e320c6, 0x6d09fdb5, 0xc6504964,
32 0x2906a2fc, 0x825f162d, 0x7fb5cb5e, 0xd4ec7f8f, 0x2f39c569, 0x846071b8,
33 0x798aaccb, 0xd2d3181a, 0x25786dd6, 0x8e21d907, 0x73cb0474, 0xd892b0a5,
34 0x23470a43, 0x881ebe92, 0x75f463e1, 0xdeadd730, 0x63f67950, 0xc8afcd81,
35 0x354510f2, 0x9e1ca423, 0x65c91ec5, 0xce90aa14, 0x337a7767, 0x9823c3b6,
36 0x6f88b67a, 0xc4d102ab, 0x393bdfd8, 0x92626b09, 0x69b7d1ef, 0xc2ee653e,
37 0x3f04b84d, 0x945d0c9c, 0x7b0be704, 0xd05253d5, 0x2db88ea6, 0x86e13a77,
38 0x7d348091, 0xd66d3440, 0x2b87e933, 0x80de5de2, 0x7775282e, 0xdc2c9cff,
39 0x21c6418c, 0x8a9ff55d, 0x714a4fbb, 0xda13fb6a, 0x27f92619, 0x8ca092c8,
40 0x520d45f8, 0xf954f129, 0x04be2c5a, 0xafe7988b, 0x5432226d, 0xff6b96bc,
41 0x02814bcf, 0xa9d8ff1e, 0x5e738ad2, 0xf52a3e03, 0x08c0e370, 0xa39957a1,
42 0x584ced47, 0xf3155996, 0x0eff84e5, 0xa5a63034, 0x4af0dbac, 0xe1a96f7d,
43 0x1c43b20e, 0xb71a06df, 0x4ccfbc39, 0xe79608e8, 0x1a7cd59b, 0xb125614a,
44 0x468e1486, 0xedd7a057, 0x103d7d24, 0xbb64c9f5, 0x40b17313, 0xebe8c7c2,
45 0x16021ab1, 0xbd5bae60, 0x6cb54671, 0xc7ecf2a0, 0x3a062fd3, 0x915f9b02,
46 0x6a8a21e4, 0xc1d39535, 0x3c394846, 0x9760fc97, 0x60cb895b, 0xcb923d8a,
47 0x3678e0f9, 0x9d215428, 0x66f4eece, 0xcdad5a1f, 0x3047876c, 0x9b1e33bd,
48 0x7448d825, 0xdf116cf4, 0x22fbb187, 0x89a20556, 0x7277bfb0, 0xd92e0b61,
49 0x24c4d612, 0x8f9d62c3, 0x7836170f, 0xd36fa3de, 0x2e857ead, 0x85dcca7c,
50 0x7e09709a, 0xd550c44b, 0x28ba1938, 0x83e3ade9, 0x5d4e7ad9, 0xf617ce08,
51 0x0bfd137b, 0xa0a4a7aa, 0x5b711d4c, 0xf028a99d, 0x0dc274ee, 0xa69bc03f,
52 0x5130b5f3, 0xfa690122, 0x0783dc51, 0xacda6880, 0x570fd266, 0xfc5666b7,
53 0x01bcbbc4, 0xaae50f15, 0x45b3e48d, 0xeeea505c, 0x13008d2f, 0xb85939fe,
54 0x438c8318, 0xe8d537c9, 0x153feaba, 0xbe665e6b, 0x49cd2ba7, 0xe2949f76,
55 0x1f7e4205, 0xb427f6d4, 0x4ff24c32, 0xe4abf8e3, 0x19412590, 0xb2189141,
56 0x0f433f21, 0xa41a8bf0, 0x59f05683, 0xf2a9e252, 0x097c58b4, 0xa225ec65,
57 0x5fcf3116, 0xf49685c7, 0x033df00b, 0xa86444da, 0x558e99a9, 0xfed72d78,
58 0x0502979e, 0xae5b234f, 0x53b1fe3c, 0xf8e84aed, 0x17bea175, 0xbce715a4,
59 0x410dc8d7, 0xea547c06, 0x1181c6e0, 0xbad87231, 0x4732af42, 0xec6b1b93,
60 0x1bc06e5f, 0xb099da8e, 0x4d7307fd, 0xe62ab32c, 0x1dff09ca, 0xb6a6bd1b,
61 0x4b4c6068, 0xe015d4b9, 0x3eb80389, 0x95e1b758, 0x680b6a2b, 0xc352defa,
62 0x3887641c, 0x93ded0cd, 0x6e340dbe, 0xc56db96f, 0x32c6cca3, 0x999f7872,
63 0x6475a501, 0xcf2c11d0, 0x34f9ab36, 0x9fa01fe7, 0x624ac294, 0xc9137645,
64 0x26459ddd, 0x8d1c290c, 0x70f6f47f, 0xdbaf40ae, 0x207afa48, 0x8b234e99,
65 0x76c993ea, 0xdd90273b, 0x2a3b52f7, 0x8162e626, 0x7c883b55, 0xd7d18f84,
66 0x2c043562, 0x875d81b3, 0x7ab75cc0, 0xd1eee811
69 static const unsigned int U[256] = {
70 0x00000000, 0x7eb5200d, 0x5633f4cb, 0x2886d4c6, 0x073e5d47, 0x798b7d4a,
71 0x510da98c, 0x2fb88981, 0x0e7cba8e, 0x70c99a83, 0x584f4e45, 0x26fa6e48,
72 0x0942e7c9, 0x77f7c7c4, 0x5f711302, 0x21c4330f, 0x1cf9751c, 0x624c5511,
73 0x4aca81d7, 0x347fa1da, 0x1bc7285b, 0x65720856, 0x4df4dc90, 0x3341fc9d,
74 0x1285cf92, 0x6c30ef9f, 0x44b63b59, 0x3a031b54, 0x15bb92d5, 0x6b0eb2d8,
75 0x4388661e, 0x3d3d4613, 0x39f2ea38, 0x4747ca35, 0x6fc11ef3, 0x11743efe,
76 0x3eccb77f, 0x40799772, 0x68ff43b4, 0x164a63b9, 0x378e50b6, 0x493b70bb,
77 0x61bda47d, 0x1f088470, 0x30b00df1, 0x4e052dfc, 0x6683f93a, 0x1836d937,
78 0x250b9f24, 0x5bbebf29, 0x73386bef, 0x0d8d4be2, 0x2235c263, 0x5c80e26e,
79 0x740636a8, 0x0ab316a5, 0x2b7725aa, 0x55c205a7, 0x7d44d161, 0x03f1f16c,
80 0x2c4978ed, 0x52fc58e0, 0x7a7a8c26, 0x04cfac2b, 0x73e5d470, 0x0d50f47d,
81 0x25d620bb, 0x5b6300b6, 0x74db8937, 0x0a6ea93a, 0x22e87dfc, 0x5c5d5df1,
82 0x7d996efe, 0x032c4ef3, 0x2baa9a35, 0x551fba38, 0x7aa733b9, 0x041213b4,
83 0x2c94c772, 0x5221e77f, 0x6f1ca16c, 0x11a98161, 0x392f55a7, 0x479a75aa,
84 0x6822fc2b, 0x1697dc26, 0x3e1108e0, 0x40a428ed, 0x61601be2, 0x1fd53bef,
85 0x3753ef29, 0x49e6cf24, 0x665e46a5, 0x18eb66a8, 0x306db26e, 0x4ed89263,
86 0x4a173e48, 0x34a21e45, 0x1c24ca83, 0x6291ea8e, 0x4d29630f, 0x339c4302,
87 0x1b1a97c4, 0x65afb7c9, 0x446b84c6, 0x3adea4cb, 0x1258700d, 0x6ced5000,
88 0x4355d981, 0x3de0f98c, 0x15662d4a, 0x6bd30d47, 0x56ee4b54, 0x285b6b59,
89 0x00ddbf9f, 0x7e689f92, 0x51d01613, 0x2f65361e, 0x07e3e2d8, 0x7956c2d5,
90 0x5892f1da, 0x2627d1d7, 0x0ea10511, 0x7014251c, 0x5facac9d, 0x21198c90,
91 0x099f5856, 0x772a785b, 0x4c921c31, 0x32273c3c, 0x1aa1e8fa, 0x6414c8f7,
92 0x4bac4176, 0x3519617b, 0x1d9fb5bd, 0x632a95b0, 0x42eea6bf, 0x3c5b86b2,
93 0x14dd5274, 0x6a687279, 0x45d0fbf8, 0x3b65dbf5, 0x13e30f33, 0x6d562f3e,
94 0x506b692d, 0x2ede4920, 0x06589de6, 0x78edbdeb, 0x5755346a, 0x29e01467,
95 0x0166c0a1, 0x7fd3e0ac, 0x5e17d3a3, 0x20a2f3ae, 0x08242768, 0x76910765,
96 0x59298ee4, 0x279caee9, 0x0f1a7a2f, 0x71af5a22, 0x7560f609, 0x0bd5d604,
97 0x235302c2, 0x5de622cf, 0x725eab4e, 0x0ceb8b43, 0x246d5f85, 0x5ad87f88,
98 0x7b1c4c87, 0x05a96c8a, 0x2d2fb84c, 0x539a9841, 0x7c2211c0, 0x029731cd,
99 0x2a11e50b, 0x54a4c506, 0x69998315, 0x172ca318, 0x3faa77de, 0x411f57d3,
100 0x6ea7de52, 0x1012fe5f, 0x38942a99, 0x46210a94, 0x67e5399b, 0x19501996,
101 0x31d6cd50, 0x4f63ed5d, 0x60db64dc, 0x1e6e44d1, 0x36e89017, 0x485db01a,
102 0x3f77c841, 0x41c2e84c, 0x69443c8a, 0x17f11c87, 0x38499506, 0x46fcb50b,
103 0x6e7a61cd, 0x10cf41c0, 0x310b72cf, 0x4fbe52c2, 0x67388604, 0x198da609,
104 0x36352f88, 0x48800f85, 0x6006db43, 0x1eb3fb4e, 0x238ebd5d, 0x5d3b9d50,
105 0x75bd4996, 0x0b08699b, 0x24b0e01a, 0x5a05c017, 0x728314d1, 0x0c3634dc,
106 0x2df207d3, 0x534727de, 0x7bc1f318, 0x0574d315, 0x2acc5a94, 0x54797a99,
107 0x7cffae5f, 0x024a8e52, 0x06852279, 0x78300274, 0x50b6d6b2, 0x2e03f6bf,
108 0x01bb7f3e, 0x7f0e5f33, 0x57888bf5, 0x293dabf8, 0x08f998f7, 0x764cb8fa,
109 0x5eca6c3c, 0x207f4c31, 0x0fc7c5b0, 0x7172e5bd, 0x59f4317b, 0x27411176,
110 0x1a7c5765, 0x64c97768, 0x4c4fa3ae, 0x32fa83a3, 0x1d420a22, 0x63f72a2f,
111 0x4b71fee9, 0x35c4dee4, 0x1400edeb, 0x6ab5cde6, 0x42331920, 0x3c86392d,
112 0x133eb0ac, 0x6d8b90a1, 0x450d4467, 0x3bb8646a
115 struct index_entry {
116 const unsigned char *ptr;
117 unsigned int val;
120 struct unpacked_index_entry {
121 struct index_entry entry;
122 struct unpacked_index_entry *next;
125 struct delta_index {
126 unsigned long memsize;
127 const void *src_buf;
128 unsigned long src_size;
129 unsigned int hash_mask;
130 struct index_entry *hash[FLEX_ARRAY];
133 struct delta_index * create_delta_index(const void *buf, unsigned long bufsize)
135 unsigned int i, hsize, hmask, entries, prev_val, *hash_count;
136 const unsigned char *data, *buffer = buf;
137 struct delta_index *index;
138 struct unpacked_index_entry *entry, **hash;
139 struct index_entry *packed_entry, **packed_hash;
140 void *mem;
141 unsigned long memsize;
143 if (!buf || !bufsize)
144 return NULL;
146 /* Determine index hash size. Note that indexing skips the
147 first byte to allow for optimizing the Rabin's polynomial
148 initialization in create_delta(). */
149 entries = (bufsize - 1) / RABIN_WINDOW;
150 if (bufsize >= 0xffffffffUL) {
152 * Current delta format can't encode offsets into
153 * reference buffer with more than 32 bits.
155 entries = 0xfffffffeU / RABIN_WINDOW;
157 hsize = entries / 4;
158 for (i = 4; (1u << i) < hsize; i++);
159 hsize = 1 << i;
160 hmask = hsize - 1;
162 /* allocate lookup index */
163 memsize = sizeof(*hash) * hsize +
164 sizeof(*entry) * entries;
165 mem = malloc(memsize);
166 if (!mem)
167 return NULL;
168 hash = mem;
169 mem = hash + hsize;
170 entry = mem;
172 memset(hash, 0, hsize * sizeof(*hash));
174 /* allocate an array to count hash entries */
175 hash_count = calloc(hsize, sizeof(*hash_count));
176 if (!hash_count) {
177 free(hash);
178 return NULL;
181 /* then populate the index */
182 prev_val = ~0;
183 for (data = buffer + entries * RABIN_WINDOW - RABIN_WINDOW;
184 data >= buffer;
185 data -= RABIN_WINDOW) {
186 unsigned int val = 0;
187 for (i = 1; i <= RABIN_WINDOW; i++)
188 val = ((val << 8) | data[i]) ^ T[val >> RABIN_SHIFT];
189 if (val == prev_val) {
190 /* keep the lowest of consecutive identical blocks */
191 entry[-1].entry.ptr = data + RABIN_WINDOW;
192 --entries;
193 } else {
194 prev_val = val;
195 i = val & hmask;
196 entry->entry.ptr = data + RABIN_WINDOW;
197 entry->entry.val = val;
198 entry->next = hash[i];
199 hash[i] = entry++;
200 hash_count[i]++;
205 * Determine a limit on the number of entries in the same hash
206 * bucket. This guards us against pathological data sets causing
207 * really bad hash distribution with most entries in the same hash
208 * bucket that would bring us to O(m*n) computing costs (m and n
209 * corresponding to reference and target buffer sizes).
211 * Make sure none of the hash buckets has more entries than
212 * we're willing to test. Otherwise we cull the entry list
213 * uniformly to still preserve a good repartition across
214 * the reference buffer.
216 for (i = 0; i < hsize; i++) {
217 int acc;
219 if (hash_count[i] <= HASH_LIMIT)
220 continue;
222 /* We leave exactly HASH_LIMIT entries in the bucket */
223 entries -= hash_count[i] - HASH_LIMIT;
225 entry = hash[i];
226 acc = 0;
229 * Assume that this loop is gone through exactly
230 * HASH_LIMIT times and is entered and left with
231 * acc==0. So the first statement in the loop
232 * contributes (hash_count[i]-HASH_LIMIT)*HASH_LIMIT
233 * to the accumulator, and the inner loop consequently
234 * is run (hash_count[i]-HASH_LIMIT) times, removing
235 * one element from the list each time. Since acc
236 * balances out to 0 at the final run, the inner loop
237 * body can't be left with entry==NULL. So we indeed
238 * encounter entry==NULL in the outer loop only.
240 do {
241 acc += hash_count[i] - HASH_LIMIT;
242 if (acc > 0) {
243 struct unpacked_index_entry *keep = entry;
244 do {
245 entry = entry->next;
246 acc -= HASH_LIMIT;
247 } while (acc > 0);
248 keep->next = entry->next;
250 entry = entry->next;
251 } while (entry);
253 free(hash_count);
256 * Now create the packed index in array form
257 * rather than linked lists.
259 memsize = sizeof(*index)
260 + sizeof(*packed_hash) * (hsize+1)
261 + sizeof(*packed_entry) * entries;
262 mem = malloc(memsize);
263 if (!mem) {
264 free(hash);
265 return NULL;
268 index = mem;
269 index->memsize = memsize;
270 index->src_buf = buf;
271 index->src_size = bufsize;
272 index->hash_mask = hmask;
274 mem = index->hash;
275 packed_hash = mem;
276 mem = packed_hash + (hsize+1);
277 packed_entry = mem;
279 for (i = 0; i < hsize; i++) {
281 * Coalesce all entries belonging to one linked list
282 * into consecutive array entries.
284 packed_hash[i] = packed_entry;
285 for (entry = hash[i]; entry; entry = entry->next)
286 *packed_entry++ = entry->entry;
289 /* Sentinel value to indicate the length of the last hash bucket */
290 packed_hash[hsize] = packed_entry;
292 assert(packed_entry - (struct index_entry *)mem == entries);
293 free(hash);
295 return index;
298 void free_delta_index(struct delta_index *index)
300 free(index);
303 unsigned long sizeof_delta_index(struct delta_index *index)
305 if (index)
306 return index->memsize;
307 else
308 return 0;
312 * The maximum size for any opcode sequence, including the initial header
313 * plus Rabin window plus biggest copy.
315 #define MAX_OP_SIZE (5 + 5 + 1 + RABIN_WINDOW + 7)
317 void *
318 create_delta(const struct delta_index *index,
319 const void *trg_buf, unsigned long trg_size,
320 unsigned long *delta_size, unsigned long max_size)
322 unsigned int i, val;
323 off_t outpos, moff;
324 size_t l, outsize, msize;
325 int inscnt;
326 const unsigned char *ref_data, *ref_top, *data, *top;
327 unsigned char *out;
329 if (!trg_buf || !trg_size)
330 return NULL;
332 outpos = 0;
333 outsize = 8192;
334 if (max_size && outsize >= max_size)
335 outsize = max_size + MAX_OP_SIZE + 1;
336 out = malloc(outsize);
337 if (!out)
338 return NULL;
340 /* store reference buffer size */
341 l = index->src_size;
342 while (l >= 0x80) {
343 out[outpos++] = l | 0x80;
344 l >>= 7;
346 out[outpos++] = l;
348 /* store target buffer size */
349 l = trg_size;
350 while (l >= 0x80) {
351 out[outpos++] = l | 0x80;
352 l >>= 7;
354 out[outpos++] = l;
356 ref_data = index->src_buf;
357 ref_top = ref_data + index->src_size;
358 data = trg_buf;
359 top = (const unsigned char *) trg_buf + trg_size;
361 outpos++;
362 val = 0;
363 for (i = 0; i < RABIN_WINDOW && data < top; i++, data++) {
364 out[outpos++] = *data;
365 val = ((val << 8) | *data) ^ T[val >> RABIN_SHIFT];
367 inscnt = i;
369 moff = 0;
370 msize = 0;
371 while (data < top) {
372 if (msize < 4096) {
373 struct index_entry *entry;
374 val ^= U[data[-RABIN_WINDOW]];
375 val = ((val << 8) | *data) ^ T[val >> RABIN_SHIFT];
376 i = val & index->hash_mask;
377 for (entry = index->hash[i]; entry < index->hash[i+1]; entry++) {
378 const unsigned char *ref = entry->ptr;
379 const unsigned char *src = data;
380 unsigned int ref_size = ref_top - ref;
381 if (entry->val != val)
382 continue;
383 if (ref_size > top - src)
384 ref_size = top - src;
385 if (ref_size <= msize)
386 break;
387 while (ref_size-- && *src++ == *ref)
388 ref++;
389 if (msize < ref - entry->ptr) {
390 /* this is our best match so far */
391 msize = ref - entry->ptr;
392 moff = entry->ptr - ref_data;
393 if (msize >= 4096) /* good enough */
394 break;
399 if (msize < 4) {
400 if (!inscnt)
401 outpos++;
402 out[outpos++] = *data++;
403 inscnt++;
404 if (inscnt == 0x7f) {
405 out[outpos - inscnt - 1] = inscnt;
406 inscnt = 0;
408 msize = 0;
409 } else {
410 unsigned int left;
411 unsigned char *op;
413 if (inscnt) {
414 while (moff && ref_data[moff-1] == data[-1]) {
415 /* we can match one byte back */
416 msize++;
417 moff--;
418 data--;
419 outpos--;
420 if (--inscnt)
421 continue;
422 outpos--; /* remove count slot */
423 inscnt--; /* make it -1 */
424 break;
426 out[outpos - inscnt - 1] = inscnt;
427 inscnt = 0;
430 /* A copy op is currently limited to 64KB (pack v2) */
431 left = (msize < 0x10000) ? 0 : (msize - 0x10000);
432 msize -= left;
434 op = out + outpos++;
435 i = 0x80;
437 if (moff & 0x000000ff)
438 out[outpos++] = moff >> 0, i |= 0x01;
439 if (moff & 0x0000ff00)
440 out[outpos++] = moff >> 8, i |= 0x02;
441 if (moff & 0x00ff0000)
442 out[outpos++] = moff >> 16, i |= 0x04;
443 if (moff & 0xff000000)
444 out[outpos++] = moff >> 24, i |= 0x08;
446 if (msize & 0x00ff)
447 out[outpos++] = msize >> 0, i |= 0x10;
448 if (msize & 0xff00)
449 out[outpos++] = msize >> 8, i |= 0x20;
451 *op = i;
453 data += msize;
454 moff += msize;
455 msize = left;
457 if (moff > 0xffffffff)
458 msize = 0;
460 if (msize < 4096) {
461 int j;
462 val = 0;
463 for (j = -RABIN_WINDOW; j < 0; j++)
464 val = ((val << 8) | data[j])
465 ^ T[val >> RABIN_SHIFT];
469 if (outpos >= outsize - MAX_OP_SIZE) {
470 void *tmp = out;
471 outsize = outsize * 3 / 2;
472 if (max_size && outsize >= max_size)
473 outsize = max_size + MAX_OP_SIZE + 1;
474 if (max_size && outpos > max_size)
475 break;
476 out = realloc(out, outsize);
477 if (!out) {
478 free(tmp);
479 return NULL;
484 if (inscnt)
485 out[outpos - inscnt - 1] = inscnt;
487 if (max_size && outpos > max_size) {
488 free(out);
489 return NULL;
492 *delta_size = outpos;
493 return out;