cvsimport
[findutils.git] / ABOUT-NLS
1 1 Notes on the Free Translation Project
2 ***************************************
3
4 Free software is going international!  The Free Translation Project is
5 a way to get maintainers of free software, translators, and users all
6 together, so that free software will gradually become able to speak many
7 languages.  A few packages already provide translations for their
8 messages.
9
10    If you found this `ABOUT-NLS' file inside a distribution, you may
11 assume that the distributed package does use GNU `gettext' internally,
12 itself available at your nearest GNU archive site.  But you do _not_
13 need to install GNU `gettext' prior to configuring, installing or using
14 this package with messages translated.
15
16    Installers will find here some useful hints.  These notes also
17 explain how users should proceed for getting the programs to use the
18 available translations.  They tell how people wanting to contribute and
19 work on translations can contact the appropriate team.
20
21    When reporting bugs in the `intl/' directory or bugs which may be
22 related to internationalization, you should tell about the version of
23 `gettext' which is used.  The information can be found in the
24 `intl/VERSION' file, in internationalized packages.
25
26 1.1 Quick configuration advice
27 ==============================
28
29 If you want to exploit the full power of internationalization, you
30 should configure it using
31
32      ./configure --with-included-gettext
33
34 to force usage of internationalizing routines provided within this
35 package, despite the existence of internationalizing capabilities in the
36 operating system where this package is being installed.  So far, only
37 the `gettext' implementation in the GNU C library version 2 provides as
38 many features (such as locale alias, message inheritance, automatic
39 charset conversion or plural form handling) as the implementation here.
40 It is also not possible to offer this additional functionality on top
41 of a `catgets' implementation.  Future versions of GNU `gettext' will
42 very likely convey even more functionality.  So it might be a good idea
43 to change to GNU `gettext' as soon as possible.
44
45    So you need _not_ provide this option if you are using GNU libc 2 or
46 you have installed a recent copy of the GNU gettext package with the
47 included `libintl'.
48
49 1.2 INSTALL Matters
50 ===================
51
52 Some packages are "localizable" when properly installed; the programs
53 they contain can be made to speak your own native language.  Most such
54 packages use GNU `gettext'.  Other packages have their own ways to
55 internationalization, predating GNU `gettext'.
56
57    By default, this package will be installed to allow translation of
58 messages.  It will automatically detect whether the system already
59 provides the GNU `gettext' functions.  If not, the included GNU
60 `gettext' library will be used.  This library is wholly contained
61 within this package, usually in the `intl/' subdirectory, so prior
62 installation of the GNU `gettext' package is _not_ required.
63 Installers may use special options at configuration time for changing
64 the default behaviour.  The commands:
65
66      ./configure --with-included-gettext
67      ./configure --disable-nls
68
69 will, respectively, bypass any pre-existing `gettext' to use the
70 internationalizing routines provided within this package, or else,
71 _totally_ disable translation of messages.
72
73    When you already have GNU `gettext' installed on your system and run
74 configure without an option for your new package, `configure' will
75 probably detect the previously built and installed `libintl.a' file and
76 will decide to use this.  This might not be desirable.  You should use
77 the more recent version of the GNU `gettext' library.  I.e. if the file
78 `intl/VERSION' shows that the library which comes with this package is
79 more recent, you should use
80
81      ./configure --with-included-gettext
82
83 to prevent auto-detection.
84
85    The configuration process will not test for the `catgets' function
86 and therefore it will not be used.  The reason is that even an
87 emulation of `gettext' on top of `catgets' could not provide all the
88 extensions of the GNU `gettext' library.
89
90    Internationalized packages usually have many `po/LL.po' files, where
91 LL gives an ISO 639 two-letter code identifying the language.  Unless
92 translations have been forbidden at `configure' time by using the
93 `--disable-nls' switch, all available translations are installed
94 together with the package.  However, the environment variable `LINGUAS'
95 may be set, prior to configuration, to limit the installed set.
96 `LINGUAS' should then contain a space separated list of two-letter
97 codes, stating which languages are allowed.
98
99 1.3 Using This Package
100 ======================
101
102 As a user, if your language has been installed for this package, you
103 only have to set the `LANG' environment variable to the appropriate
104 `LL_CC' combination.  Here `LL' is an ISO 639 two-letter language code,
105 and `CC' is an ISO 3166 two-letter country code.  For example, let's
106 suppose that you speak German and live in Germany.  At the shell
107 prompt, merely execute `setenv LANG de_DE' (in `csh'),
108 `export LANG; LANG=de_DE' (in `sh') or `export LANG=de_DE' (in `bash').
109 This can be done from your `.login' or `.profile' file, once and for
110 all.
111
112    You might think that the country code specification is redundant.
113 But in fact, some languages have dialects in different countries.  For
114 example, `de_AT' is used for Austria, and `pt_BR' for Brazil.  The
115 country code serves to distinguish the dialects.
116
117    The locale naming convention of `LL_CC', with `LL' denoting the
118 language and `CC' denoting the country, is the one use on systems based
119 on GNU libc.  On other systems, some variations of this scheme are
120 used, such as `LL' or `LL_CC.ENCODING'.  You can get the list of
121 locales supported by your system for your country by running the command
122 `locale -a | grep '^LL''.
123
124    Not all programs have translations for all languages.  By default, an
125 English message is shown in place of a nonexistent translation.  If you
126 understand other languages, you can set up a priority list of languages.
127 This is done through a different environment variable, called
128 `LANGUAGE'.  GNU `gettext' gives preference to `LANGUAGE' over `LANG'
129 for the purpose of message handling, but you still need to have `LANG'
130 set to the primary language; this is required by other parts of the
131 system libraries.  For example, some Swedish users who would rather
132 read translations in German than English for when Swedish is not
133 available, set `LANGUAGE' to `sv:de' while leaving `LANG' to `sv_SE'.
134
135    Special advice for Norwegian users: The language code for Norwegian
136 bokma*l changed from `no' to `nb' recently (in 2003).  During the
137 transition period, while some message catalogs for this language are
138 installed under `nb' and some older ones under `no', it's recommended
139 for Norwegian users to set `LANGUAGE' to `nb:no' so that both newer and
140 older translations are used.
141
142    In the `LANGUAGE' environment variable, but not in the `LANG'
143 environment variable, `LL_CC' combinations can be abbreviated as `LL'
144 to denote the language's main dialect.  For example, `de' is equivalent
145 to `de_DE' (German as spoken in Germany), and `pt' to `pt_PT'
146 (Portuguese as spoken in Portugal) in this context.
147
148 1.4 Translating Teams
149 =====================
150
151 For the Free Translation Project to be a success, we need interested
152 people who like their own language and write it well, and who are also
153 able to synergize with other translators speaking the same language.
154 Each translation team has its own mailing list.  The up-to-date list of
155 teams can be found at the Free Translation Project's homepage,
156 `http://www.iro.umontreal.ca/contrib/po/HTML/', in the "National teams"
157 area.
158
159    If you'd like to volunteer to _work_ at translating messages, you
160 should become a member of the translating team for your own language.
161 The subscribing address is _not_ the same as the list itself, it has
162 `-request' appended.  For example, speakers of Swedish can send a
163 message to `sv-request@li.org', having this message body:
164
165      subscribe
166
167    Keep in mind that team members are expected to participate
168 _actively_ in translations, or at solving translational difficulties,
169 rather than merely lurking around.  If your team does not exist yet and
170 you want to start one, or if you are unsure about what to do or how to
171 get started, please write to `translation@iro.umontreal.ca' to reach the
172 coordinator for all translator teams.
173
174    The English team is special.  It works at improving and uniformizing
175 the terminology in use.  Proven linguistic skill are praised more than
176 programming skill, here.
177
178 1.5 Available Packages
179 ======================
180
181 Languages are not equally supported in all packages.  The following
182 matrix shows the current state of internationalization, as of May 2005.
183 The matrix shows, in regard of each package, for which languages PO
184 files have been submitted to translation coordination, with a
185 translation percentage of at least 50%.
186
187      Ready PO files       af am ar az be bg bs ca cs cy da de el en en_GB
188                         +-------------------------------------------------+
189      GNUnet             |                                                 |
190      a2ps               |             []                [] [] []     []   |
191      aegis              |                                  ()             |
192      ant-phone          |                                  ()             |
193      anubis             |                                  []             |
194      ap-utils           |                                                 |
195      aspell             |                         []    [] []        []   |
196      bash               |                      []          []             |
197      batchelor          |                                  []             |
198      bfd                |                                                 |
199      bibshelf           |                                  []             |
200      binutils           |                               []                |
201      bison              |                               [] []             |
202      bluez-pin          | []                      []       [] []          |
203      clisp              |                                  []    []       |
204      console-tools      |                         []       []             |
205      coreutils          |                []    []       [] []             |
206      cpio               |                                                 |
207      cpplib             |                      []       [] []             |
208      darkstat           |                []             () []             |
209      dialog             |                      [] [] [] [] [] []          |
210      diffutils          |                      [] []    [] [] []          |
211      doodle             |                                  []             |
212      e2fsprogs          |                         []       []             |
213      enscript           |                      []       [] []        []   |
214      error              |                      []       [] []        []   |
215      fetchmail          |                      []       [] () []          |
216      fileutils          |                               [] []             |
217      findutils          |                      []       []    []          |
218      flex               |                      []       [] []             |
219      fslint             |                                  []             |
220      gas                |                                                 |
221      gawk               |                      []       [] []             |
222      gbiff              |                                  []             |
223      gcal               |                      []                         |
224      gcc                |                                  []             |
225      gettext-examples   | []                   []          [] []          |
226      gettext-runtime    |             []       []       [] []             |
227      gettext-tools      |                      []          []             |
228      gimp-print         |                         []    [] []        []   |
229      gip                |                                                 |
230      gliv               |                                  []             |
231      glunarclock        |                                                 |
232      gmult              | []                               []             |
233      gnubiff            |                                  ()             |
234      gnucash            |                         []       () ()     []   |
235      gnucash-glossary   |                               [] ()             |
236      gpe-aerial         |                         []       []             |
237      gpe-beam           |                         []       []             |
238      gpe-calendar       |                         []       []             |
239      gpe-clock          |                         []       []             |
240      gpe-conf           |                         []       []             |
241      gpe-contacts       |                                                 |
242      gpe-edit           |                         []                      |
243      gpe-go             |                         []                      |
244      gpe-login          |                         []       []             |
245      gpe-ownerinfo      |                         []       []             |
246      gpe-sketchbook     |                         []       []             |
247      gpe-su             |                         []       []             |
248      gpe-taskmanager    |                         []       []             |
249      gpe-timesheet      |                         []                      |
250      gpe-today          |                         []       []             |
251      gpe-todo           |                         []       []             |
252      gphoto2            |                         []    [] []        []   |
253      gprof              |                               [] []             |
254      gpsdrive           |                                  ()    ()       |
255      gramadoir          | []                               []             |
256      grep               | []          [] []    []          [] []          |
257      gretl              |                                                 |
258      gsasl              |                                  []             |
259      gss                |                                                 |
260      gst-plugins        | []       []          [] []       []        []   |
261      gstreamer          | []                   [] []       []        []   |
262      gtick              | []                               ()             |
263      gtkspell           |             []                   [] []          |
264      hello              |                      []       [] [] []          |
265      id-utils           |                               [] []             |
266      impost             |                                                 |
267      indent             |                      []          []             |
268      iso_3166           |                                                 |
269      iso_3166_1         |                      [] []    [] [] []          |
270      iso_3166_2         |                                                 |
271      iso_3166_3         |                                  []             |
272      iso_4217           |                                                 |
273      iso_639            |                                                 |
274      jpilot             |                         []                      |
275      jtag               |                                                 |
276      jwhois             |                                                 |
277      kbd                |                         []    [] [] []          |
278      latrine            |                                  ()             |
279      ld                 |                               []                |
280      libc               |                      [] []    [] [] []          |
281      libextractor       |                                                 |
282      libgpewidget       |                         []    [] []             |
283      libgphoto2         |                                  []             |
284      libgphoto2_port    |                                  []             |
285      libgsasl           |                                                 |
286      libiconv           | []                   []       [] [] []          |
287      libidn             |                                                 |
288      lifelines          |                               [] ()             |
289      lilypond           |                                  []             |
290      lingoteach         |                                                 |
291      lynx               |                      [] []    [] []             |
292      m4                 |                         []    [] [] []          |
293      mailutils          |                      []                         |
294      make               |                               [] []             |
295      man-db             |                      [] ()    [] []             |
296      minicom            |                         []       []             |
297      mysecretdiary      |                               [] []             |
298      nano               |                      [] ()       []             |
299      nano_1_0           |                      [] ()    [] []             |
300      opcodes            |                                  []             |
301      parted             |                      [] []    [] []             |
302      psmisc             |                                                 |
303      ptx                |                      []       [] []             |
304      pwdutils           |                                                 |
305      python             |                                                 |
306      radius             |                      []                         |
307      recode             |             []       []       [] [] []          |
308      rpm                |                         []    []                |
309      screem             |                                                 |
310      scrollkeeper       |          [] []       [] [] [] [] []        []   |
311      sed                |                      []          []             |
312      sh-utils           |                               [] []             |
313      shared-mime-info   |                []       []                      |
314      sharutils          |                      [] []    [] [] []          |
315      silky              |                                                 |
316      skencil            |                               [] ()             |
317      sketch             |                               [] ()             |
318      solfege            |                                  []             |
319      soundtracker       |                               [] []             |
320      sp                 |                                  []             |
321      stardict           |                         []                      |
322      tar                |                                                 |
323      texinfo            |                               [] []             |
324      textutils          |                      []       [] []             |
325      tin                |                                  ()        ()   |
326      tp-robot           |                                  []             |
327      tuxpaint           | []                   [] []    [] [] []     []   |
328      unicode-han-tra... |                                                 |
329      unicode-transla... |                                                 |
330      util-linux         |                      [] []    [] []             |
331      vorbis-tools       |             []          []    []           []   |
332      wastesedge         |                                  ()             |
333      wdiff              |                      []       [] []        []   |
334      wget               |                                                 |
335      xchat              |                []    []          [] []     []   |
336      xkeyboard-config   |                                                 |
337      xpad               |                                                 |
338                         +-------------------------------------------------+
339                           af am ar az be bg bs ca cs cy da de el en en_GB
340                           10  0  0  2  7  5  0 40 43  2 51 91 19  1  14
341
342                           eo es et eu fa fi fr  ga gl he hi hr hu id is
343                         +-----------------------------------------------+
344      GNUnet             |                                               |
345      a2ps               |       []       [] []                          |
346      aegis              |                                               |
347      ant-phone          |                   []                          |
348      anubis             |                   []                          |
349      ap-utils           |                   []                          |
350      aspell             |                   []  []                      |
351      bash               | [] []             []                 []       |
352      batchelor          |                   []  []                      |
353      bfd                |    []                                         |
354      bibshelf           |    []                 []                      |
355      binutils           |    []             []                          |
356      bison              |    [] []          []  []                []    |
357      bluez-pin          | []             [] []  []             [] []    |
358      clisp              |    []             []                          |
359      console-tools      |                                               |
360      coreutils          |    [] []       [] []  []                      |
361      cpio               |    []             []                          |
362      cpplib             |    []             []                          |
363      darkstat           |    []             ()  []             [] []    |
364      dialog             |    [] [] []    [] []  []             []       |
365      diffutils          | [] []          [] []  [] [] []       [] []    |
366      doodle             |                       []                      |
367      e2fsprogs          |    []             []                          |
368      enscript           |                   []              []          |
369      error              |    []          [] []  []             []       |
370      fetchmail          |    []                                         |
371      fileutils          |    [] []          []  []             []       |
372      findutils          |    [] []          []  []                      |
373      flex               |    []             []  []                      |
374      fslint             |                   []                          |
375      gas                |    []             []                          |
376      gawk               |    []             []  []    []                |
377      gbiff              |                   []                          |
378      gcal               |    []             []                          |
379      gcc                |    []                                         |
380      gettext-examples   |    []             []  []                      |
381      gettext-runtime    |    []          [] []  []                []    |
382      gettext-tools      |    []             []                          |
383      gimp-print         |    []             []                          |
384      gip                |    []    []       []                          |
385      gliv               |                   ()                          |
386      glunarclock        |                []     []             []       |
387      gmult              |          []       []                          |
388      gnubiff            |                   ()                          |
389      gnucash            |    []                                ()       |
390      gnucash-glossary   |    []                                         |
391      gpe-aerial         |    []             []                          |
392      gpe-beam           |    []             []                          |
393      gpe-calendar       |    []             []                 [] []    |
394      gpe-clock          |    []          [] []                          |
395      gpe-conf           |                   []                          |
396      gpe-contacts       |                   []                          |
397      gpe-edit           |                   []                    []    |
398      gpe-go             |    []             []                          |
399      gpe-login          |    []             []                 []       |
400      gpe-ownerinfo      |    []          [] []                 [] []    |
401      gpe-sketchbook     |    []             []                          |
402      gpe-su             |    []          [] []                          |
403      gpe-taskmanager    |    []          [] []                          |
404      gpe-timesheet      |    []             []  []                []    |
405      gpe-today          |    []          [] []  []                      |
406      gpe-todo           |    []             []                    []    |
407      gphoto2            |    []          [] []                 []       |
408      gprof              |    []             []                    []    |
409      gpsdrive           |    ()             ()                 []       |
410      gramadoir          |                   []  []                      |
411      grep               |    [] [] []    [] []  [] [] []    [] [] []    |
412      gretl              |    []             []                          |
413      gsasl              |          []       []  []                      |
414      gss                |                   []                          |
415      gst-plugins        |                   []                 []       |
416      gstreamer          |                                               |
417      gtick              |          []    [] []  []                      |
418      gtkspell           | [] []    []       []  []                      |
419      hello              | [] [] [] [] [] [] []  [] [] []    [] [] []    |
420      id-utils           |                   []                 [] []    |
421      impost             |                   []  []                      |
422      indent             | [] [] [] []    [] []  [] []          [] []    |
423      iso_3166           | []             [] []                          |
424      iso_3166_1         |    []    []    [] []  []             [] []    |
425      iso_3166_2         |                   []                          |
426      iso_3166_3         |                   []                          |
427      iso_4217           |       []       []        []                   |
428      iso_639            | []          [] [] []                          |
429      jpilot             |    []             []                          |
430      jtag               |                   []                          |
431      jwhois             |    []             []                 [] []    |
432      kbd                |    []             []                          |
433      latrine            |                   []  []                      |
434      ld                 |    []             []                          |
435      libc               |    []          [] []     []          []       |
436      libextractor       |                                               |
437      libgpewidget       |    []             []  []             [] []    |
438      libgphoto2         |    []             []                 []       |
439      libgphoto2_port    |                   []                          |
440      libgsasl           |                   []  []                      |
441      libiconv           | [] [] []       [] []  [] []       [] [] []    |
442      libidn             | []                []                          |
443      lifelines          |                   ()                          |
444      lilypond           |                                               |
445      lingoteach         |                   []                    []    |
446      lynx               |       []                             []       |
447      m4                 |                   []  [] []             []    |
448      mailutils          |    []             []                          |
449      make               |    []          [] []  [] [] []    []          |
450      man-db             |    ()                                         |
451      minicom            |    []          [] []                 []       |
452      mysecretdiary      |    []             []                    []    |
453      nano               |    []    []    () []                          |
454      nano_1_0           |    []             []     []             []    |
455      opcodes            |    []          [] []                          |
456      parted             |    []             []     []                   |
457      psmisc             |          []                                   |
458      ptx                | [] [] []       [] []  [] []          [] []    |
459      pwdutils           |                                               |
460      python             |                                               |
461      radius             |    []             []                          |
462      recode             | [] []             []     [] []       [] []    |
463      rpm                |                   []                          |
464      screem             |                                               |
465      scrollkeeper       |    []          []                    []       |
466      sed                | [] [] []          []  []             []       |
467      sh-utils           |    [] []       [] []  []             []       |
468      shared-mime-info   | [] []    []    [] []                 []       |
469      sharutils          |    [] []       [] []     []          []       |
470      silky              |                   []                          |
471      skencil            |    []             []                          |
472      sketch             |    []             []                          |
473      solfege            |                                               |
474      soundtracker       |    []             []                          |
475      sp                 |                   []                          |
476      stardict           |                                      []       |
477      tar                |    [] []          []  []                      |
478      texinfo            | []                []        []                |
479      textutils          |    []             []  [] []          []       |
480      tin                |       []          ()                          |
481      tp-robot           |                   []                 []       |
482      tuxpaint           |    []          [] []  []    []       [] [] [] |
483      unicode-han-tra... |                                               |
484      unicode-transla... |                   []  []                      |
485      util-linux         |    [] []       [] []                 []       |
486      vorbis-tools       |    []             []                          |
487      wastesedge         |                   ()                          |
488      wdiff              |    [] []          []  [] []          [] []    |
489      wget               |       [] []           []          []          |
490      xchat              |    []    []    [] []           []             |
491      xkeyboard-config   |                                               |
492      xpad               |    []                 []             []       |
493                         +-----------------------------------------------+
494                           eo es et eu fa fi fr  ga gl he hi hr hu id is
495                           15 85 21 15  2 35 115 45 16  8  1  6 40 27  1
496
497                           it ja ko ku lg lt lv mk mn ms mt nb nl nn no nso
498                         +--------------------------------------------------+
499      GNUnet             |                                                  |
500      a2ps               | ()    ()                   []       []    ()     |
501      aegis              |                                     ()           |
502      ant-phone          |                                     []           |
503      anubis             |                            []    [] []           |
504      ap-utils           |                                                  |
505      aspell             |                         []          []           |
506      bash               |                                     []           |
507      batchelor          |                                     []           |
508      bfd                |                                                  |
509      bibshelf           | []                                               |
510      binutils           |                                                  |
511      bison              | []                         []    [] []           |
512      bluez-pin          |          []                         []           |
513      clisp              |                                     []           |
514      console-tools      |                                                  |
515      coreutils          |    []                               []           |
516      cpio               |                                                  |
517      cpplib             |                                     []           |
518      darkstat           |                            []       []           |
519      dialog             | []                                  []           |
520      diffutils          | [] []                      []       []           |
521      doodle             | []                                               |
522      e2fsprogs          | []                                               |
523      enscript           |                                     []           |
524      error              |                                     []           |
525      fetchmail          |    []                               []           |
526      fileutils          | [] []       []                                   |
527      findutils          | []                                  []           |
528      flex               |       []                            []           |
529      fslint             |                                     []           |
530      gas                |                                                  |
531      gawk               |    []                               []           |
532      gbiff              |                                     []           |
533      gcal               |                                                  |
534      gcc                |                                                  |
535      gettext-examples   | [] []                               []           |
536      gettext-runtime    | [] [] []                            []           |
537      gettext-tools      | [] [] []                                         |
538      gimp-print         |    []                               []           |
539      gip                |                                     []           |
540      gliv               |                                     []           |
541      glunarclock        |                            []       []           |
542      gmult              | [] []                                            |
543      gnubiff            | ()                                               |
544      gnucash            | [] ()                            () []           |
545      gnucash-glossary   | []                                  []           |
546      gpe-aerial         |                                     []           |
547      gpe-beam           |                                     []           |
548      gpe-calendar       |                                     []           |
549      gpe-clock          |                                     []           |
550      gpe-conf           |                                     []           |
551      gpe-contacts       |                                                  |
552      gpe-edit           |                                     []           |
553      gpe-go             |                                     []           |
554      gpe-login          |                                     []           |
555      gpe-ownerinfo      |                                     []           |
556      gpe-sketchbook     |                                     []           |
557      gpe-su             |                                     []           |
558      gpe-taskmanager    |          []                         []           |
559      gpe-timesheet      |                                     []           |
560      gpe-today          |                                     []           |
561      gpe-todo           |                                     []           |
562      gphoto2            | [] []                               []           |
563      gprof              |                                                  |
564      gpsdrive           | () ()                               ()    ()     |
565      gramadoir          |                                     ()           |
566      grep               | [] []                            [] []           |
567      gretl              | []                                               |
568      gsasl              |                                     []           |
569      gss                |                                                  |
570      gst-plugins        | []                                  []           |
571      gstreamer          | []                                  []           |
572      gtick              | []                                  []           |
573      gtkspell           | []                      []          []           |
574      hello              | [] [] []          []       []    [] [] [] []     |
575      id-utils           | []                                  []           |
576      impost             |                                                  |
577      indent             | [] []                               []           |
578      iso_3166           |                                     []           |
579      iso_3166_1         |                                     []    []     |
580      iso_3166_2         |                                     []           |
581      iso_3166_3         |                                     []           |
582      iso_4217           |    []                   []          []           |
583      iso_639            |    []                               [] []        |
584      jpilot             |    ()                               ()    ()     |
585      jtag               |                                                  |
586      jwhois             | []                                  []           |
587      kbd                |                                     []           |
588      latrine            | []                                  []           |
589      ld                 |                                                  |
590      libc               |    [] []                         [] []    []     |
591      libextractor       |                                                  |
592      libgpewidget       |                                     []           |
593      libgphoto2         | [] []                                            |
594      libgphoto2_port    | [] []                                            |
595      libgsasl           |                                     []           |
596      libiconv           | []                                  []           |
597      libidn             | []                                               |
598      lifelines          |                                     []           |
599      lilypond           |                                                  |
600      lingoteach         | []                                  []           |
601      lynx               | [] []                               []           |
602      m4                 |    []                               []           |
603      mailutils          |                                                  |
604      make               |    [] []                            []           |
605      man-db             |    ()                                            |
606      minicom            |    []                                            |
607      mysecretdiary      |                                     []           |
608      nano               | []                         []    []              |
609      nano_1_0           | []                         []    []    []        |
610      opcodes            |                                     []           |
611      parted             | [] []                               [] []        |
612      psmisc             | []                               [] []           |
613      ptx                |                                  [] []    []     |
614      pwdutils           |                                                  |
615      python             |                                                  |
616      radius             |                                                  |
617      recode             | []                                  []           |
618      rpm                |    [] []                                         |
619      screem             |    []                                            |
620      scrollkeeper       |                                  [] [] []        |
621      sed                |    []                               []           |
622      sh-utils           | [] []                            []              |
623      shared-mime-info   |       []                         [] [] []        |
624      sharutils          | [] []                               []           |
625      silky              |                                     []           |
626      skencil            |                                                  |
627      sketch             |                                                  |
628      solfege            | []                                  []    []     |
629      soundtracker       | []                                               |
630      sp                 |    ()                                            |
631      stardict           |                      []             []           |
632      tar                | [] []                               []           |
633      texinfo            |    []                            [] []           |
634      textutils          |    [] []                         []              |
635      tin                |                                                  |
636      tp-robot           |                                     []           |
637      tuxpaint           | [] [] []       []          []       [] []        |
638      unicode-han-tra... |                                                  |
639      unicode-transla... |                                                  |
640      util-linux         | [] []                               []           |
641      vorbis-tools       |                                     []           |
642      wastesedge         |                                     []           |
643      wdiff              | []                         []    []              |
644      wget               |    []                                            |
645      xchat              | []    []          [] []             []           |
646      xkeyboard-config   |                                     []           |
647      xpad               |                                     []           |
648                         +--------------------------------------------------+
649                           it ja ko ku lg lt lv mk mn ms mt nb nl nn no nso
650                           46 35 11  2  1  1  2  2  3 11  0 15 96  7  5  0
651
652                           or pa pl pt pt_BR rm ro ru rw sk sl sq sr sv
653                         +----------------------------------------------+
654      GNUnet             |                                              |
655      a2ps               |       ()     []      [] []       []    [] [] |
656      aegis              |                      () ()                   |
657      ant-phone          |                      []                      |
658      anubis             |       []             [] []                   |
659      ap-utils           |       ()                                     |
660      aspell             |                      [] []                   |
661      bash               |              []      [] []                   |
662      batchelor          |                      []                      |
663      bfd                |                                              |
664      bibshelf           |                                              |
665      binutils           |                         []                [] |
666      bison              |       []     []      [] []                [] |
667      bluez-pin          |       []     []   [] [] []    []       [] [] |
668      clisp              |                         []                   |
669      console-tools      |                         []                   |
670      coreutils          |       []                []       []       [] |
671      cpio               |       []                                  [] |
672      cpplib             |                                              |
673      darkstat           |       []     []      []       []       [] [] |
674      dialog             |       [] []  []   [] [] [] []                |
675      diffutils          |       []     []      [] []             [] [] |
676      doodle             |                                     []       |
677      e2fsprogs          |       []                                  [] |
678      enscript           |              []      [] []                [] |
679      error              |              []      []       []             |
680      fetchmail          |       []                []    []    []       |
681      fileutils          |       []             [] []       []       [] |
682      findutils          |       [] []          []       []       [] [] |
683      flex               |       []     []      [] []                [] |
684      fslint             |              []      []                []    |
685      gas                |                                              |
686      gawk               |       []     []      []                   [] |
687      gbiff              |                      []                      |
688      gcal               |                                           [] |
689      gcc                |                                              |
690      gettext-examples   |       []             [] []    []       [] [] |
691      gettext-runtime    |       []             [] []    [] []    [] [] |
692      gettext-tools      |       []             [] []    [] []    [] [] |
693      gimp-print         |                               []          [] |
694      gip                |                   []          []       []    |
695      gliv               |              []      []       []             |
696      glunarclock        |              []      [] []    []       [] [] |
697      gmult              |              []   [] []                []    |
698      gnubiff            |                      ()                   [] |
699      gnucash            |       () []             []    []          [] |
700      gnucash-glossary   |          []                   []          [] |
701      gpe-aerial         |          []  []      [] []             [] [] |
702      gpe-beam           |          []  []      [] []             [] [] |
703      gpe-calendar       |          []  []      [] []    []       [] [] |
704      gpe-clock          |          []  []      [] []    []       [] [] |
705      gpe-conf           |          []  []      [] []    []          [] |
706      gpe-contacts       |                      [] []             [] [] |
707      gpe-edit           |          []  []      [] []    []       [] [] |
708      gpe-go             |              []      [] []             [] [] |
709      gpe-login          |          []  []      [] []    []       [] [] |
710      gpe-ownerinfo      |          []  []      [] []    []       [] [] |
711      gpe-sketchbook     |          []  []      [] []    []       [] [] |
712      gpe-su             |          []  []      [] []    []       [] [] |
713      gpe-taskmanager    |          []  []      [] []    []       [] [] |
714      gpe-timesheet      |          []  []      [] []    []       [] [] |
715      gpe-today          |          []  []      [] []    []       [] [] |
716      gpe-todo           |    []    []  []      [] []    []       [] [] |
717      gphoto2            |                      []       []       [] [] |
718      gprof              |              []      []                   [] |
719      gpsdrive           |    []                []                      |
720      gramadoir          |                               []             |
721      grep               |       [] []  []      [] []       []    []    |
722      gretl              |       []                                     |
723      gsasl              |       []             []             [] [] [] |
724      gss                |       []             []                   [] |
725      gst-plugins        | []                                  [] [] [] |
726      gstreamer          |                         []          [] [] [] |
727      gtick              |                      [] []                [] |
728      gtkspell           |              []   [] [] []    []       []    |
729      hello              |       []     []      [] []    []       [] [] |
730      id-utils           |              []      [] []                [] |
731      impost             |                                              |
732      indent             |              []      [] []    []       [] [] |
733      iso_3166           |          []                []       [] [] [] |
734      iso_3166_1         |                               [] [] [] []    |
735      iso_3166_2         |                                              |
736      iso_3166_3         |                      []    []          []    |
737      iso_4217           |                            []          []    |
738      iso_639            |                            []          [] [] |
739      jpilot             |                                              |
740      jtag               |                               []             |
741      jwhois             |       []     []      [] ()                () |
742      kbd                |       []             []                   [] |
743      latrine            |                      []                   [] |
744      ld                 |                                           [] |
745      libc               |       []     []         []    []          [] |
746      libextractor       |                      []                      |
747      libgpewidget       |          []  []      []       []       [] [] |
748      libgphoto2         |                         []                [] |
749      libgphoto2_port    |                         []                   |
750      libgsasl           |       []             []                []    |
751      libiconv           |       []     []   [] [] []    [] [] [] [] [] |
752      libidn             |       []                                  () |
753      lifelines          |       []                                  [] |
754      lilypond           |                                              |
755      lingoteach         |              []                              |
756      lynx               |              []         []                [] |
757      m4                 |       []     []      [] []                [] |
758      mailutils          |       []             [] []                   |
759      make               |       []     []         []                [] |
760      man-db             |                      []                   [] |
761      minicom            |       []     []      [] []                   |
762      mysecretdiary      |              []      [] []                [] |
763      nano               |              []      []                   [] |
764      nano_1_0           |       []             [] []                [] |
765      opcodes            |                      []                   [] |
766      parted             |       [] []  []                           [] |
767      psmisc             |       []             []                      |
768      ptx                |       [] []  []      [] []                [] |
769      pwdutils           |       []                                     |
770      python             |                                              |
771      radius             |       []                []                   |
772      recode             |       []     []      [] []       []       [] |
773      rpm                |       [] []             []                [] |
774      screem             |                                              |
775      scrollkeeper       |       []             [] []    []    [] [] [] |
776      sed                |       [] []  []      [] []    []       [] [] |
777      sh-utils           |                         []       []    []    |
778      shared-mime-info   |          []  []         []          [] [] [] |
779      sharutils          |                         []             [] [] |
780      silky              |                               []             |
781      skencil            |          []  []                           [] |
782      sketch             |          []  []                           [] |
783      solfege            |                                              |
784      soundtracker       |                               []          [] |
785      sp                 |                                              |
786      stardict           |                         []    []             |
787      tar                |       []             [] []                [] |
788      texinfo            |       []             [] []                [] |
789      textutils          |                         []       []       [] |
790      tin                |                                              |
791      tp-robot           |                         []                   |
792      tuxpaint           |       [] []  []      []       []    [] [] [] |
793      unicode-han-tra... |                                              |
794      unicode-transla... |                                              |
795      util-linux         |              []         []                [] |
796      vorbis-tools       |                      [] []                   |
797      wastesedge         |                                              |
798      wdiff              |       []     []      [] []    []          [] |
799      wget               |                                              |
800      xchat              |    []                   []    [] [] [] [] [] |
801      xkeyboard-config   |                                              |
802      xpad               |                                              |
803                         +----------------------------------------------+
804                           or pa pl pt pt_BR rm ro ru rw sk sl sq sr sv
805                            1  3 47 29  57    6 78 73  5 44 12 12 50 85
806
807                           ta tg th tk tr uk ven vi wa xh zh_CN zh_TW zu
808                         +-----------------------------------------------+
809      GNUnet             |                                               |  0
810      a2ps               |             [] []     []                      | 19
811      aegis              |                                               |  0
812      ant-phone          |             []        []                      |  5
813      anubis             |             [] []     []                      | 11
814      ap-utils           |                ()     []                      |  2
815      aspell             |                []     [] []                   | 13
816      bash               |                       []                      | 11
817      batchelor          |             []        []                      |  7
818      bfd                |                                               |  1
819      bibshelf           |                       []                      |  5
820      binutils           |             []                                |  6
821      bison              |             []        []                      | 18
822      bluez-pin          |             [] []     [] []     []            | 25
823      clisp              |                                               |  7
824      console-tools      |             []        []                      |  5
825      coreutils          |             []        []                      | 17
826      cpio               |             [] []     []                      |  7
827      cpplib             |             []        []                      |  8
828      darkstat           |                       []        ()    ()      | 15
829      dialog             |             [] []     []                      | 25
830      diffutils          |             []        []        []    []      | 28
831      doodle             |                       []                      |  5
832      e2fsprogs          |             []                                |  8
833      enscript           |             []                                | 12
834      error              |             []        []              []      | 16
835      fetchmail          |             []                                | 12
836      fileutils          |             []                  []    []      | 18
837      findutils          |             []        []                      | 17
838      flex               |             []        []                      | 15
839      fslint             |                       []                      |  7
840      gas                |             []                                |  3
841      gawk               |             []                                | 14
842      gbiff              |                       []                      |  5
843      gcal               |             []                                |  5
844      gcc                |             []                  []            |  4
845      gettext-examples   |             [] []     []        []    []      | 21
846      gettext-runtime    |             [] []     []        []    []      | 25
847      gettext-tools      |             [] []     []        []    []      | 19
848      gimp-print         |                []                             | 11
849      gip                |                       []                      |  8
850      gliv               |             []        []                      |  7
851      glunarclock        |                       [] []                   | 13
852      gmult              |             []        []        []            | 13
853      gnubiff            |                       []                      |  3
854      gnucash            |             ()                        []      | 10
855      gnucash-glossary   |                       []              []      |  9
856      gpe-aerial         |                       []        []            | 13
857      gpe-beam           |                       []        []            | 13
858      gpe-calendar       |                       [] []     []    []      | 18
859      gpe-clock          |             []        [] []     []            | 17
860      gpe-conf           |                       []        []            | 12
861      gpe-contacts       |                       []        []            |  7
862      gpe-edit           |             []        [] []           []      | 15
863      gpe-go             |             []        []                      | 11
864      gpe-login          |             []        [] []     []    []      | 18
865      gpe-ownerinfo      |             []        []        []    []      | 19
866      gpe-sketchbook     |             []        []                      | 14
867      gpe-su             |             []        []        []            | 16
868      gpe-taskmanager    |             []        []        []            | 17
869      gpe-timesheet      |             []        []        []    []      | 17
870      gpe-today          |             []        [] []     []    []      | 19
871      gpe-todo           |                       [] []           []      | 17
872      gphoto2            |                []               []    []      | 18
873      gprof              |             []        []                      | 10
874      gpsdrive           |                                               |  3
875      gramadoir          |                       []                      |  6
876      grep               |             [] []     []              []      | 32
877      gretl              |                                               |  4
878      gsasl              |                       []        []            | 12
879      gss                |                       []                      |  5
880      gst-plugins        |                []     []              []      | 17
881      gstreamer          |             [] []     []              []      | 15
882      gtick              |                       []                      | 11
883      gtkspell           |                       [] []     []    []      | 21
884      hello              |             [] []     []        []            | 37
885      id-utils           |             []        []                      | 13
886      impost             |                       []                      |  3
887      indent             |             []        []        []    []      | 25
888      iso_3166           |          [] []        []                      | 12
889      iso_3166_1         |             []           []                   | 20
890      iso_3166_2         |                                               |  2
891      iso_3166_3         |                          []     []            |  8
892      iso_4217           |             []        []                      | 10
893      iso_639            |                       [] []                   | 12
894      jpilot             |             [] []               []            |  6
895      jtag               |                                               |  2
896      jwhois             |             []        []              []      | 12
897      kbd                |             []        []                      | 12
898      latrine            |             []        []                      |  8
899      ld                 |             []                                |  5
900      libc               |             []                  []            | 22
901      libextractor       |                                               |  1
902      libgpewidget       |                       [] []                   | 17
903      libgphoto2         |                                 []            |  9
904      libgphoto2_port    |                                               |  5
905      libgsasl           |                       []                      |  7
906      libiconv           |             [] []     [] []     []            | 32
907      libidn             |                       []        []            |  6
908      lifelines          |                                               |  4
909      lilypond           |                                               |  1
910      lingoteach         |                       []                      |  6
911      lynx               |             [] []     []                      | 15
912      m4                 |                       []        []            | 17
913      mailutils          |                []                             |  7
914      make               |             []                  []            | 18
915      man-db             |                                               |  5
916      minicom            |                                               | 11
917      mysecretdiary      |             []        []                      | 12
918      nano               |                       []              []      | 13
919      nano_1_0           |             [] []     []                      | 18
920      opcodes            |             []        []                      |  9
921      parted             |             [] []               []            | 18
922      psmisc             |                       []                      |  7
923      ptx                |             []                  []            | 23
924      pwdutils           |                                               |  1
925      python             |                                               |  0
926      radius             |                []                             |  6
927      recode             |             []        []                      | 22
928      rpm                |             [] []                             | 11
929      screem             |                                               |  1
930      scrollkeeper       |             [] []                     []      | 24
931      sed                |             []        []              []      | 21
932      sh-utils           |             []                                | 15
933      shared-mime-info   |                []               []    []      | 21
934      sharutils          |             []        []              []      | 20
935      silky              |                                               |  3
936      skencil            |                                               |  6
937      sketch             |                                               |  6
938      solfege            |                                               |  4
939      soundtracker       |             []                                |  8
940      sp                 |             []                                |  3
941      stardict           |                []     []        []    []      | 10
942      tar                |             [] []     []              []      | 15
943      texinfo            |             []                  []            | 14
944      textutils          |             []                  []    []      | 17
945      tin                |                                               |  1
946      tp-robot           |                       []        []    []      |  8
947      tuxpaint           |             []        [] []     []            | 34
948      unicode-han-tra... |                                               |  0
949      unicode-transla... |                                               |  2
950      util-linux         |             [] []     []                      | 18
951      vorbis-tools       |                []                             | 10
952      wastesedge         |                                               |  1
953      wdiff              |             []        []                      | 22
954      wget               |             []        []                      |  7
955      xchat              |                []     []        []    []      | 26
956      xkeyboard-config   |                       []                      |  2
957      xpad               |                       []                      |  5
958                         +-----------------------------------------------+
959        73 teams           ta tg th tk tr uk ven vi wa xh zh_CN zh_TW zu
960       149 domains          0  0  0  1 77 30  0  92 16  0  42    32    0  1746
961
962    Some counters in the preceding matrix are higher than the number of
963 visible blocks let us expect.  This is because a few extra PO files are
964 used for implementing regional variants of languages, or language
965 dialects.
966
967    For a PO file in the matrix above to be effective, the package to
968 which it applies should also have been internationalized and
969 distributed as such by its maintainer.  There might be an observable
970 lag between the mere existence a PO file and its wide availability in a
971 distribution.
972
973    If May 2005 seems to be old, you may fetch a more recent copy of
974 this `ABOUT-NLS' file on most GNU archive sites.  The most up-to-date
975 matrix with full percentage details can be found at
976 `http://www.iro.umontreal.ca/contrib/po/HTML/matrix.html'.
977
978 1.6 Using `gettext' in new packages
979 ===================================
980
981 If you are writing a freely available program and want to
982 internationalize it you are welcome to use GNU `gettext' in your
983 package.  Of course you have to respect the GNU Library General Public
984 License which covers the use of the GNU `gettext' library.  This means
985 in particular that even non-free programs can use `libintl' as a shared
986 library, whereas only free software can use `libintl' as a static
987 library or use modified versions of `libintl'.
988
989    Once the sources are changed appropriately and the setup can handle
990 the use of `gettext' the only thing missing are the translations.  The
991 Free Translation Project is also available for packages which are not
992 developed inside the GNU project.  Therefore the information given above
993 applies also for every other Free Software Project.  Contact
994 `translation@iro.umontreal.ca' to make the `.pot' files available to
995 the translation teams.
996