Update from Gnulib
[emacs.git] / lisp / vcursor.el
1 ;;; vcursor.el --- manipulate an alternative ("virtual") cursor
3 ;; Copyright (C) 1994, 1996, 1998, 2001-2018 Free Software Foundation,
4 ;; Inc.
6 ;; Author: Peter Stephenson <pws@ibmth.df.unipi.it>
7 ;; Maintainer: emacs-devel@gnu.org
8 ;; Keywords: virtual cursor, convenience
10 ;; This file is part of GNU Emacs.
12 ;; GNU Emacs is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
13 ;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
14 ;; the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
15 ;; (at your option) any later version.
17 ;; GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
18 ;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
20 ;; GNU General Public License for more details.
22 ;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
23 ;; along with GNU Emacs. If not, see <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
25 ;;; Commentary:
27 ;; Latest changes
28 ;; ==============
30 ;; - *IMPORTANT* vcursor-key-bindings is now nil by default, to avoid
31 ;; side-effects when the package is loaded. This means no keys are
32 ;; bound by default. Use customize to change it to t to restore
33 ;; the old behavior. (If you do it by hand in .emacs, it
34 ;; must come before vcursor is loaded.)
35 ;; - You can alter the main variables and the vcursor face via
36 ;; M-x customize: go to the Editing group and find Vcursor.
37 ;; - vcursor-auto-disable can now be 'copy (actually any value not nil
38 ;; or t), which means that copying from the vcursor will be turned
39 ;; off after any operation not involving the vcursor, but the
40 ;; vcursor itself will be left alone.
41 ;; - works on dumb terminals with Emacs 19.29 and later
42 ;; - new keymap vcursor-map for binding to a prefix key
43 ;; - vcursor-compare-windows substantially improved
44 ;; - vcursor-execute-{key,command} much better about using the
45 ;; right keymaps and arranging for the correct windows to be used
46 ;; - vcursor-window-funcall can call functions interactively
47 ;; - vcursor-interpret-input for special effects
49 ;; Introduction
50 ;; ============
52 ;; Virtual cursor commands. I got this idea from the old BBC micro.
53 ;; You need Emacs 19 or 20 and a window system for the best effects.
54 ;; For character terminals, at least Emacs 19.29 is required
55 ;; (special behavior for the overlay property
56 ;; "before-string" must be implemented). Search for "dumb terminals"
57 ;; for more information.
59 ;; This is much easier to use than the instructions are to read.
60 ;; First, you need to let vcursor define some keys: setting
61 ;; vcursor-key-bindings to t before loading, or by customize, will
62 ;; define various keys with the prefix C-S. You'll have to read
63 ;; further if you don't want this. Then I suggest you simply load it
64 ;; and play around with holding down Ctrl and Shift and pressing up,
65 ;; down, left, right, tab, return, and see what happens. (Find a
66 ;; scratch buffer before using C-S-tab: that toggles copying.)
68 ;; Most of the functions described in this documentation are in
69 ;; parentheses so that if you have the package loaded you can type C-h
70 ;; f on top of them for help.
72 ;; Using the cursor keys with both control and shift held down moves
73 ;; around a virtual cursor, which is initially at point. When active,
74 ;; it appears with an underline through it to distinguish it from the
75 ;; normal cursor. You can then use one of the other commands to copy
76 ;; characters from the location of the virtual cursor to point. This
77 ;; is very useful, for example, when copying some previous text while
78 ;; making changes to it at the same time, since you never have to move
79 ;; the "real" cursor away from where you are inserting.
81 ;; The remaining default key bindings are based around the PC-type
82 ;; cluster found above the cursor keys on a lot of keyboards, the
83 ;; function keys which my limited knowledge of X terminals expects to
84 ;; find at the top. Some functions are duplicated in more obvious
85 ;; places for the X version.
87 ;; All the keybindings require you to hold down control and shift at
88 ;; once. I assumed this combination wouldn't be heavily bound by most
89 ;; people and that it would be easy to type with the left hand.
90 ;; Inevitably it will clash with some other packages, but I can't help
91 ;; that: an intuitive binding is a prerequisite here. See below for
92 ;; other alternatives (search for "Oemacs"). There is also a keymap
93 ;; which you can bind to a prefix key, which may give some more
94 ;; intuitive alternatives in some cases, see `The vcursor keymap' below.
96 ;; Holding down control and shift and pressing insert (vcursor-copy)
97 ;; copies one character from wherever the virtual cursor is to point;
98 ;; point and the virtual cursor advance in the separate and equal
99 ;; station to which... (etc.). M-C-S-return (vcursor-copy-line)
100 ;; copies to the end of the line instead of just one character,
101 ;; C-S-delete or C-S-remove (vcursor-copy-word) copies a word.
103 ;; A more general way of copying is to use C-S-tab, which is a toggle.
104 ;; In the "on" state, moving the virtual cursor will copy the
105 ;; moved-over text to the normal cursor position (including when going
106 ;; backwards, though each piece of text moved over is copied forwards:
107 ;; compare the behavior of C-S-up and C-S-left).
109 ;; However, that's just a small part of the magic. If the virtual
110 ;; cursor goes off the display, it will be redisplayed in some other
111 ;; window. (See the function (vcursor-find-window) for details of how
112 ;; this window is chosen.) This gives you fingertip control over two
113 ;; windows at once.
115 ;; C-S-return (vcursor-disable) disables the virtual cursor, removing
116 ;; it so that it starts from point whenever you move it again --- note
117 ;; that simply moving the cursor and virtual cursor on top of one
118 ;; another does not have this effect.
120 ;; If you give C-S-return a positive prefix arg, it will also delete the
121 ;; window (unless it's the current one). Whenever the virtual cursor
122 ;; goes off-screen in its own window, point in that window is moved as
123 ;; well to restore it to view. (It's easier that way, that's why.
124 ;; However, point doesn't move unless the view in the window does, so
125 ;; it's not tied to the virtual cursor location.)
127 ;; You can also use C-S-return with a negative prefix argument which
128 ;; forces the vcursor to appear at point. This is particularly useful if
129 ;; you actually want to edit in another window but would like to
130 ;; remember the current cursor location for examining or copying from
131 ;; that buffer. (I just hit C-S-right C-S-left, but I'm a hopeless
132 ;; lowbrow.)
134 ;; There is also C-S-f6 (vcursor-other-window) which behaves like
135 ;; C-x o on the virtual rather than the real cursor, except that it
136 ;; will create another window if necessary.
138 ;; The keys C-S-prior (vcursor-scroll-down) and C-S-next
139 ;; (vcursor-scroll-up) (i.e., PageUp and PageDown) will scroll the
140 ;; virtual cursor window, appropriately chosen. They will always
141 ;; create a new window or take over an old one if necessary.
142 ;; Likewise, M-C-S-left and M-C-S-right move you to the
143 ;; beginning or end of a line, C-S-home and C-S-end the
144 ;; beginning or end of a buffer (these are also on M-C-S-up and
145 ;; M-C-S-down for those of us stuck with DEC keyboards).
147 ;; C-S-f7 (vcursor-goto) will take you to the vcursor position
148 ;; (swapping windows if it seems sensible) and (unless you give it a
149 ;; prefix argument) delete the virtual cursor, so this is useful for
150 ;; you to take over editing at the virtual cursor position. It is not
151 ;; an error if the virtual cursor is not active; it simply leaves you
152 ;; at point, because that is where the virtual cursor would start
153 ;; from.
155 ;; In a similar vein, M-C-S-tab (hope your left hand's flexible;
156 ;; C-S-select on DEC keyboards) (vcursor-swap-point) will take you to
157 ;; the virtual cursor position but simultaneously put the virtual
158 ;; cursor at the old cursor position. It is also supposed to ensure
159 ;; that both are visible.
161 ;; C-S-f8 (C-S-find on DEC keyboards) (vcursor-isearch-forward)
162 ;; allows you to do an isearch in another window. It works a bit like
163 ;; vcursor-scroll-*; it moves into another window, calls isearch
164 ;; there, and sets the virtual cursor position to the point found. In
165 ;; other words, it works just like isearch but with the virtual cursor
166 ;; instead of the real one (that's why it's called a "virtual
167 ;; cursor"). While you are isearching, you are editing in the virtual
168 ;; cursor window, but when you have finished you return to where you
169 ;; started. Note that once you are in isearch all the keys are normal
170 ;; --- use C-s, not C-S-f8, to search for the next occurrence.
172 ;; If you set the variable vcursor-auto-disable, then any command
173 ;; which does not involve moving or copying from the virtual cursor
174 ;; causes the virtual cursor to be disabled. If you set it to non-nil
175 ;; but not t, then the vcursor itself will remain active, but copying
176 ;; will be turned off, so that the next time the vcursor is moved no
177 ;; text is copied over. Experience shows that this setting is
178 ;; particularly useful. If you don't intend to use this, you can
179 ;; comment out the `add-hook' line at the bottom of this file. (This
180 ;; feature partially emulates the way the "copy" key on the BBC micro
181 ;; worked; actually, the copy cursor was homed when you hit return.
182 ;; This was in keeping with the line-by-line way of entering BASIC,
183 ;; but is less appropriate here.)
185 ;; vcursor-compare-windows is now a reliable adaption of
186 ;; compare-windows, which compares between point in the current buffer
187 ;; and the vcursor location in the other one. It is an error if
188 ;; vcursor is not set, however it will be brought up in another window
189 ;; if it is not currently visible. The prefix argument acts just like
190 ;; compare-windows, ignoring whitespace if set. (In versions before
191 ;; 1.6, this simply called compare-windows, which was much less likely
192 ;; to pick the two windows you wanted.)
194 ;; There is a way of moving the virtual cursor using ordinary
195 ;; commands: C-S-f9 (vcursor-execute-key) reads a key string,
196 ;; moves to the virtual cursor position, executes the command bound to
197 ;; the string, then returns to the original point. Thus C-S-f9 M-m
198 ;; moves the virtual cursor back to the first non-whitespace character
199 ;; on its line. As the command is called interactively all the usual
200 ;; ways of passing information to the command called, such as by a
201 ;; prefix argument, are available. This has many uses not necessarily
202 ;; related to moving the vcursor itself; it can do essentially
203 ;; everything that the \C-x 4 series of commands can do and a lot
204 ;; more. Note, however, that a new window is not used if the vcursor
205 ;; is visible in the current one: this can lead to some strange effects,
206 ;; but it is preferable to making a new window every time the vcursor
207 ;; is moved in this may.
209 ;; C-S-f10 (C-S-x) (vcursor-execute-command) behaves the same way but
210 ;; you enter the name of the command. To do anything really
211 ;; complicated, you are better off using M-C-S-tab
212 ;; (vcursor-swap-point), doing whatever it is, then calling M-C-S-tab
213 ;; again.
215 ;; If you want to add your own moving or copying functions you should
216 ;; be able to do this fairly easily with (vcursor-relative-move) and
217 ;; (vcursor-copy) together with (vcursor-get-char-count). If you want to
218 ;; do something in a different window, use (vcursor-window-funcall).
220 ;; Key bindings
221 ;; ============
223 ;; There is an alternative set of key bindings which will be used
224 ;; automatically for a PC if Oemacs is detected. This set uses separate
225 ;; control, shift and meta keys with function keys 1 to 10. In
226 ;; particular, movement keys are concentrated on f5 to f8 with (in
227 ;; increasing order of distance traveled) C-, M- and S- as prefixes.
228 ;; See the actual bindings below (search for C-f1). This is because the
229 ;; C-S- prefix is represented by weird key sequences and the set is
230 ;; incomplete; if you don't mind that, some hints are given in comments
231 ;; below.
233 ;; You can specify the usual or the Oemacs bindings by setting the
234 ;; variable vcursor-key-bindings to `xterm' or `oemacs'. You can also set
235 ;; it to nil, in which case vcursor will not make any key bindings
236 ;; and you can define your own. The default is t, which makes vcursor
237 ;; guess (it will use xterm unless it thinks Oemacs is running). The
238 ;; oemacs set will work on an X terminal with function keys, but the
239 ;; xterm set will not work under Oemacs.
241 ;; Usage on dumb terminals
242 ;; =======================
244 ;; If Emacs has set the variable window-system to nil, vcursor will
245 ;; assume that overlays cannot be displayed in a different face,
246 ;; and will instead use a string (the variable vcursor-string, by
247 ;; default "**>") to show its position. This was first implemented
248 ;; in Emacs 19.29. Unlike the old-fashioned overlay arrow (as used
249 ;; by debuggers), this appears between existing text, which can
250 ;; make it hard to read if you're not used to it. (This seemed the
251 ;; better option here.) This means moving the vcursor up and down is
252 ;; a very efficient way of locating it!
254 ;; Everything else should function as expected, but there is no way to
255 ;; get an easy key binding for the vcursor keys on a generic terminal.
256 ;; Consequently a special keymap is defined for you to use traditional
257 ;; methods: the keymap, however, is available on any terminal type.
259 ;; The vcursor keymap
260 ;; ==================
262 ;; In addition to any other bindings, vcursor-map contains key definitions
263 ;; for handling the vcursor. You should assign this to a prefix key
264 ;; in the usual way, e.g.
265 ;; (global-set-key [f14] vcursor-map)
266 ;; and also as usual \C-h in this map will list the key definitions, which
267 ;; are designed to be easy to remember.
269 ;; A special feature is provided by (vcursor-use-vcursor-map), bound
270 ;; to t in that keymap. With this in effect, the main keymap
271 ;; is overridden by the vcursor map, so keys like \C-p and so on
272 ;; move the vcursor instead. Remember how to turn it off (type t),
273 ;; or you are in serious trouble! Note that the cursor keys are not
274 ;; bound by default in this keymap and will continue to move the
275 ;; ordinary cursor.
277 ;; Interpreted input
278 ;; =================
280 ;; Just occasionally, you may want to pretend the strings copied from
281 ;; the vcursor position are to be interpreted as if you had typed them
282 ;; from the keyboard. Normally, they will just insert themselves anyway,
283 ;; but in some modes (Info and calc for example) typing ordinary characters
284 ;; does something else. To get this effect, set
285 ;; vcursor-interpret-input to t. This is normally not a good idea as
286 ;; interpreting input is very much slower than copying text.
288 ;; Un-features
289 ;; ===========
291 ;; - The vcursor will not move to point-max, since otherwise it would
292 ;; disappear. However, no error is flagged as point-max is a valid
293 ;; point in the buffer. Thus cursor right or down at the second
294 ;; last point in the file does not flag an error, which is inconsistent,
295 ;; and if copying is on the last character (typically newline) will
296 ;; be repeatedly copied. (I've tried making it flag an error
297 ;; instead and that's worse since often the vcursor is sent to
298 ;; point in some other window, which may be point-max.)
299 ;; - The vcursor widens when over a tab character or right at the
300 ;; end of the line. You're welcome to consider this a feature;
301 ;; it's just a part of how overlays work.
302 ;; - The vcursor obscures the real cursor. Creative use of overlays
303 ;; could cure this.
304 ;; - The vcursor does not remember its own previous positions. If
305 ;; you cycle it back into a window it was in before, it will be at
306 ;; point in that window. Often, that is where a previous recenter
307 ;; left point, not where the vcursor was before.
308 ;; (Note, however, that the vcursor does remember where it *is*,
309 ;; even if it's off-screen. This can also lead to surprises, but I
310 ;; don't think it's a bug.)
311 ;; - vcursor-window-funcall could perhaps be smarter about restoring
312 ;; the previous window state on failure.
313 ;; - The logic in vcursor-find-window is rather complicated and
314 ;; therefore bug-prone, though in practice it seems to work OK.
316 ;; Possible enhancements:
317 ;; It would be easy to implement vcursor-push (save vcursor position
318 ;; as mark and deactivate) and vcursor-pop (deactivate vcursor and
319 ;; move to last pushed position) functions.
321 ;;; Code:
323 (eval-when-compile (require 'compare-w))
325 (defgroup vcursor nil
326 "Manipulate an alternative (\"virtual\") cursor."
327 :prefix "vcursor-"
328 :group 'convenience)
330 (defface vcursor
331 '((((class color)) (:foreground "blue" :background "cyan" :underline t))
332 (t (:inverse-video t :underline t)))
333 "Face for the virtual cursor."
334 :group 'vcursor)
336 (defcustom vcursor-auto-disable nil
337 "If non-nil, disable the virtual cursor after use.
338 Any non-vcursor command will force `vcursor-disable' to be called.
339 If non-nil but not t, just make sure copying is toggled off, but don't
340 disable the vcursor."
341 :type '(choice (const t) (const nil) (const copy))
342 :group 'vcursor)
344 (defcustom vcursor-modifiers (list 'control 'shift)
345 "A list of modifiers that are used to define vcursor key bindings."
346 :type '(repeat symbol)
347 :group 'vcursor)
349 ;; Needed for defcustom, must be up here
350 (defun vcursor-cs-binding (base &optional meta)
351 (vector (let ((key (append vcursor-modifiers (list (intern base)))))
352 (if meta
353 (cons 'meta key)
354 key))))
356 (defun vcursor-bind-keys (var value)
357 "Alter the value of the variable VAR to VALUE, binding keys as required.
358 VAR is usually `vcursor-key-bindings'. Normally this function is called
359 on loading vcursor and from the customize package."
360 (set var value)
361 (cond
362 ((not value));; don't set any key bindings
363 ((or (eq value 'oemacs)
364 (and (eq value t) (fboundp 'oemacs-version)))
365 (global-set-key [C-f1] 'vcursor-toggle-copy)
366 (global-set-key [C-f2] 'vcursor-copy)
367 (global-set-key [C-f3] 'vcursor-copy-word)
368 (global-set-key [C-f4] 'vcursor-copy-line)
370 (global-set-key [S-f1] 'vcursor-disable)
371 (global-set-key [S-f2] 'vcursor-other-window)
372 (global-set-key [S-f3] 'vcursor-goto)
373 (global-set-key [S-f4] 'vcursor-swap-point)
375 (global-set-key [C-f5] 'vcursor-backward-char)
376 (global-set-key [C-f6] 'vcursor-previous-line)
377 (global-set-key [C-f7] 'vcursor-next-line)
378 (global-set-key [C-f8] 'vcursor-forward-char)
380 (global-set-key [M-f5] 'vcursor-beginning-of-line)
381 (global-set-key [M-f6] 'vcursor-backward-word)
382 (global-set-key [M-f6] 'vcursor-forward-word)
383 (global-set-key [M-f8] 'vcursor-end-of-line)
385 (global-set-key [S-f5] 'vcursor-beginning-of-buffer)
386 (global-set-key [S-f6] 'vcursor-scroll-down)
387 (global-set-key [S-f7] 'vcursor-scroll-up)
388 (global-set-key [S-f8] 'vcursor-end-of-buffer)
390 (global-set-key [C-f9] 'vcursor-isearch-forward)
392 (global-set-key [S-f9] 'vcursor-execute-key)
393 (global-set-key [S-f10] 'vcursor-execute-command)
395 ;;; Partial dictionary of Oemacs key sequences for you to roll your own,
396 ;;; e.g C-S-up: (global-set-key "\M-[\C-f\M-\C-m" 'vcursor-previous-line)
397 ;;; Sequence: Sends:
398 ;;; "\M-[\C-f\M-\C-m" C-S-up
399 ;;; "\M-[\C-f\M-\C-q" C-S-down
400 ;;; "\M-[\C-fs" C-S-left
401 ;;; "\M-[\C-ft" C-S-right
403 ;;; "\M-[\C-fw" C-S-home
404 ;;; "\M-[\C-b\C-o" S-tab
405 ;;; "\M-[\C-f\M-\C-r" C-S-insert
406 ;;; "\M-[\C-fu" C-S-end
407 ;;; "\M-[\C-f\M-\C-s" C-S-delete
408 ;;; "\M-[\C-f\M-\C-d" C-S-prior
409 ;;; "\M-[\C-fv" C-S-next
411 ;;; "\M-[\C-f^" C-S-f1
412 ;;; "\M-[\C-f_" C-S-f2
413 ;;; "\M-[\C-f`" C-S-f3
414 ;;; "\M-[\C-fa" C-S-f4
415 ;;; "\M-[\C-fb" C-S-f5
416 ;;; "\M-[\C-fc" C-S-f6
417 ;;; "\M-[\C-fd" C-S-f7
418 ;;; "\M-[\C-fe" C-S-f8
419 ;;; "\M-[\C-ff" C-S-f9
420 ;;; "\M-[\C-fg" C-S-f10
423 (global-set-key (vcursor-cs-binding "up") 'vcursor-previous-line)
424 (global-set-key (vcursor-cs-binding "down") 'vcursor-next-line)
425 (global-set-key (vcursor-cs-binding "left") 'vcursor-backward-char)
426 (global-set-key (vcursor-cs-binding "right") 'vcursor-forward-char)
428 (global-set-key (vcursor-cs-binding "return") 'vcursor-disable)
429 (global-set-key (vcursor-cs-binding "insert") 'vcursor-copy)
430 (global-set-key (vcursor-cs-binding "delete") 'vcursor-copy-word)
431 (global-set-key (vcursor-cs-binding "remove") 'vcursor-copy-word)
432 (global-set-key (vcursor-cs-binding "tab") 'vcursor-toggle-copy)
433 (global-set-key (vcursor-cs-binding "backtab") 'vcursor-toggle-copy)
434 (global-set-key (vcursor-cs-binding "home") 'vcursor-beginning-of-buffer)
435 (global-set-key (vcursor-cs-binding "up" t) 'vcursor-beginning-of-buffer)
436 (global-set-key (vcursor-cs-binding "end") 'vcursor-end-of-buffer)
437 (global-set-key (vcursor-cs-binding "down" t) 'vcursor-end-of-buffer)
438 (global-set-key (vcursor-cs-binding "prior") 'vcursor-scroll-down)
439 (global-set-key (vcursor-cs-binding "next") 'vcursor-scroll-up)
441 (global-set-key (vcursor-cs-binding "f6") 'vcursor-other-window)
442 (global-set-key (vcursor-cs-binding "f7") 'vcursor-goto)
444 (global-set-key (vcursor-cs-binding "select")
445 'vcursor-swap-point) ; DEC keyboards
446 (global-set-key (vcursor-cs-binding "tab" t) 'vcursor-swap-point)
448 (global-set-key (vcursor-cs-binding "find")
449 'vcursor-isearch-forward) ; DEC keyboards
450 (global-set-key (vcursor-cs-binding "f8") 'vcursor-isearch-forward)
452 (global-set-key (vcursor-cs-binding "left" t) 'vcursor-beginning-of-line)
453 (global-set-key (vcursor-cs-binding "right" t) 'vcursor-end-of-line)
455 (global-set-key (vcursor-cs-binding "prior" t) 'vcursor-backward-word)
456 (global-set-key (vcursor-cs-binding "next" t) 'vcursor-forward-word)
458 (global-set-key (vcursor-cs-binding "return" t) 'vcursor-copy-line)
460 (global-set-key (vcursor-cs-binding "f9") 'vcursor-execute-key)
461 (global-set-key (vcursor-cs-binding "f10") 'vcursor-execute-command)
464 (defcustom vcursor-key-bindings nil
465 "How to bind keys when vcursor is loaded.
466 If t, guess; if `xterm', use bindings suitable for an X terminal; if
467 `oemacs', use bindings which work on a PC with Oemacs. If nil, don't
468 define any key bindings.
470 Default is nil."
471 :type '(choice (const t) (const nil) (const xterm) (const oemacs))
472 :group 'vcursor
473 :set 'vcursor-bind-keys
474 :version "20.3")
476 (defcustom vcursor-interpret-input nil
477 "If non-nil, input from the vcursor is treated as interactive input.
478 This will cause text insertion to be much slower. Note that no special
479 interpretation of strings is done: \"\C-x\" is a string of four
480 characters. The default is simply to copy strings."
481 :type 'boolean
482 :group 'vcursor
483 :version "20.3")
485 (defcustom vcursor-string "**>"
486 "String used to show the vcursor position on dumb terminals."
487 :type 'string
488 :group 'vcursor
489 :version "20.3")
491 (defvar vcursor-overlay nil
492 "Overlay for the virtual cursor.
493 It is nil if that is not enabled.")
495 (defvar vcursor-window nil
496 "Last window to have displayed the virtual cursor.
497 See the function `vcursor-find-window' for how this is used.")
499 (defvar vcursor-last-command nil
500 "Non-nil if last command was a vcursor command.
501 The commands `vcursor-copy', `vcursor-relative-move' and the ones for
502 scrolling set this. It is used by the `vcursor-auto-disable' code.")
503 ;; could do some memq-ing with last-command instead, but this will
504 ;; automatically handle any new commands using the primitives.
506 (defcustom vcursor-copy-flag nil
507 "Non-nil means moving vcursor should copy characters moved over to point."
508 :type 'boolean
509 :group 'vcursor)
511 (defvar vcursor-temp-goal-column nil
512 "Keeps track of temporary goal columns for the virtual cursor.")
514 (defvar vcursor-map
515 (let ((map (make-sparse-keymap)))
516 (define-key map "t" 'vcursor-use-vcursor-map)
518 (define-key map "\C-p" 'vcursor-previous-line)
519 (define-key map "\C-n" 'vcursor-next-line)
520 (define-key map "\C-b" 'vcursor-backward-char)
521 (define-key map "\C-f" 'vcursor-forward-char)
523 (define-key map "\r" 'vcursor-disable)
524 (define-key map " " 'vcursor-copy)
525 (define-key map "\C-y" 'vcursor-copy-word)
526 (define-key map "\C-i" 'vcursor-toggle-copy)
527 (define-key map "<" 'vcursor-beginning-of-buffer)
528 (define-key map ">" 'vcursor-end-of-buffer)
529 (define-key map "\M-v" 'vcursor-scroll-down)
530 (define-key map "\C-v" 'vcursor-scroll-up)
531 (define-key map "o" 'vcursor-other-window)
532 (define-key map "g" 'vcursor-goto)
533 (define-key map "x" 'vcursor-swap-point)
534 (define-key map "\C-s" 'vcursor-isearch-forward)
535 (define-key map "\C-r" 'vcursor-isearch-backward)
536 (define-key map "\C-a" 'vcursor-beginning-of-line)
537 (define-key map "\C-e" 'vcursor-end-of-line)
538 (define-key map "\M-w" 'vcursor-forward-word)
539 (define-key map "\M-b" 'vcursor-backward-word)
540 (define-key map "\M-l" 'vcursor-copy-line)
541 (define-key map "c" 'vcursor-compare-windows)
542 (define-key map "k" 'vcursor-execute-key)
543 (define-key map "\M-x" 'vcursor-execute-command)
544 map)
545 "Keymap for vcursor command.")
546 ;; This seems unused, but it was done as part of define-prefix-command,
547 ;; so let's keep it for now.
548 (fset 'vcursor-map vcursor-map)
550 ;; If vcursor-key-bindings is already set on loading, bind the keys now.
551 ;; This hybrid way of doing it retains compatibility while allowing
552 ;; customize to work smoothly.
553 (if vcursor-key-bindings
554 (vcursor-bind-keys 'vcursor-key-bindings vcursor-key-bindings))
556 (defun vcursor-locate ()
557 "Go to the starting point of the virtual cursor.
558 If that's disabled, don't go anywhere but don't complain."
559 ;; This is where we go off-mass-shell. Assume there is a
560 ;; save-excursion to get us back to the pole, er, point.
562 (and (overlayp vcursor-overlay)
563 (overlay-buffer vcursor-overlay)
564 (set-buffer (overlay-buffer vcursor-overlay))
565 (goto-char (overlay-start vcursor-overlay)))
568 (defun vcursor-find-window (&optional not-this new-win this-frame)
569 "Return a suitable window for displaying the virtual cursor.
570 This is the first window in cyclic order where the vcursor is visible.
572 With optional NOT-THIS non-nil never return the current window.
574 With NEW-WIN non-nil, display the virtual cursor buffer in another
575 window if the virtual cursor is not currently visible \(note, however,
576 that this function never changes `window-point').
578 With THIS-FRAME non-nil, don't search other frames for a new window
579 \(though if the vcursor is already off-frame then its current window is
580 always considered, and the value of `pop-up-frames' is always respected).
582 Returns nil if the virtual cursor is not visible anywhere suitable.
583 Set `vcursor-window' to the returned value as a side effect."
585 ;; The order of priorities (respecting NOT-THIS) is (1)
586 ;; vcursor-window if the virtual cursor is visible there (2) any
587 ;; window displaying the virtual cursor (3) vcursor-window provided
588 ;; it is still displaying the buffer containing the virtual cursor and
589 ;; is not selected (4) any unselected window displaying the vcursor
590 ;; buffer (5) with NEW-WIN, a window selected by display-buffer (so
591 ;; the variables pop-up-windows and pop-up-frames are significant)
592 ;; (6) nil.
594 (let ((thiswin (selected-window)) winok winbuf)
595 (save-excursion
596 (vcursor-locate)
597 (or (and (window-live-p vcursor-window)
598 (eq (current-buffer) (window-buffer vcursor-window))
599 (not (and not-this (eq thiswin vcursor-window))))
600 (setq vcursor-window nil))
601 (or (and vcursor-window ; choice 1
602 (pos-visible-in-window-p (point) vcursor-window))
603 (progn
604 (walk-windows
605 (function
606 (lambda (win)
607 (and (not winok)
608 (eq (current-buffer) (window-buffer win))
609 (not (and not-this (eq thiswin win)))
610 (cond
611 ((pos-visible-in-window-p (point) win) (setq winok win))
612 ((eq thiswin win))
613 ((not winbuf) (setq winbuf win))))))
614 nil (not this-frame))
615 (setq vcursor-window
616 (cond
617 (winok) ; choice 2
618 ((and vcursor-window ; choice 3
619 (not (eq thiswin vcursor-window))) vcursor-window)
620 (winbuf) ; choice 4
621 (new-win (display-buffer (current-buffer) t)) ; choice 5
622 (t nil))))))) ; default (choice 6)
623 vcursor-window
626 (defun vcursor-toggle-copy (&optional arg nomsg)
627 "Toggle copying to point when the vcursor is moved.
628 With a prefix ARG, turn on if non-negative, off if negative.
629 Display a message unless optional NOMSG is non-nil."
630 (interactive "P")
631 (setq vcursor-copy-flag
632 (cond ((not arg) (not vcursor-copy-flag))
633 ((< (prefix-numeric-value arg) 0) nil)
634 (t))
635 vcursor-last-command t)
636 (or nomsg (message "Copying from the vcursor is now %s."
637 (if vcursor-copy-flag "on" "off")))
640 (defun vcursor-move (pt &optional leave-b leave-w)
641 "Move the virtual cursor to the character to the right of PT.
642 PT is an absolute location in the current buffer. With optional
643 LEAVE-B, PT is in the same buffer the vcursor is currently in.
645 If the new virtual cursor location would not be visible, display it in
646 another window. With LEAVE-W, use the current `vcursor-window'."
647 ;; this works even if we're on-mass-shell, but usually we won't be.
649 (save-excursion
650 (and leave-b (vcursor-check t)
651 (set-buffer (overlay-buffer vcursor-overlay)))
652 (if (eq pt (point-max))
653 (setq pt (1- pt)))
654 (if (vcursor-check t)
655 (move-overlay vcursor-overlay pt (+ pt 1) (current-buffer))
656 (setq vcursor-overlay (make-overlay pt (+ pt 1)))
657 (or window-system
658 (display-color-p)
659 (overlay-put vcursor-overlay 'before-string vcursor-string))
660 (overlay-put vcursor-overlay 'face 'vcursor)
661 ;; 200 is purely an arbitrary "high" number. See bug#9663.
662 (overlay-put vcursor-overlay 'priority 200))
663 (or leave-w (vcursor-find-window nil t))
664 ;; vcursor-window now contains the right buffer
665 (or (pos-visible-in-window-p pt vcursor-window)
666 (set-window-point vcursor-window pt))))
668 (defun vcursor-insert (text)
669 "Insert TEXT, respecting `vcursor-interpret-input'."
670 (if vcursor-interpret-input
671 (setq unread-command-events
672 (append (listify-key-sequence text) unread-command-events))
673 (insert text))
676 (defun vcursor-relative-move (func &rest args)
677 "Call FUNC with arbitrary ARGS ... to move the virtual cursor.
679 This is called by most of the virtual-cursor motion commands."
680 (let (text opoint)
681 (save-excursion
682 (vcursor-locate)
683 (setq opoint (point))
684 (apply func args)
685 (and (eq opoint (point-max)) (eq opoint (point))
686 (signal 'end-of-buffer nil))
687 (vcursor-move (point))
688 (if vcursor-copy-flag (setq text (buffer-substring opoint (point)))))
689 (if text (vcursor-insert text)))
690 (setq vcursor-last-command t)
693 (defun vcursor-goto (&optional arg)
694 "Move the real cursor to the virtual cursor position.
695 If the virtual cursor is (or was recently) visible in another window,
696 switch to that first. Without a prefix ARG, disable the virtual
697 cursor as well."
699 (interactive "P")
700 (and (vcursor-find-window) (select-window vcursor-window))
701 (let ((buf (and vcursor-overlay (overlay-buffer vcursor-overlay))))
702 (and buf (not (eq (current-buffer) buf)) (switch-to-buffer buf)))
703 (vcursor-locate)
704 (or arg (vcursor-disable))
707 (defun vcursor-swap-point ()
708 "Swap the location of point and that of the virtual cursor.
710 The virtual cursor window becomes the selected window and the old
711 window becomes the virtual cursor window. If the virtual cursor would
712 not be visible otherwise, display it in another window."
714 (interactive)
715 (let ((buf (current-buffer)) (here (point)) (win (selected-window)))
716 (vcursor-goto) ; will disable the vcursor
717 (with-current-buffer buf
718 (setq vcursor-window win)
719 (vcursor-move here)))
722 (defun vcursor-scroll-up (&optional n)
723 "Scroll up the vcursor window ARG lines or near full screen if none.
724 The vcursor will always appear in an unselected window."
726 (interactive "P")
727 (vcursor-window-funcall 'scroll-up n)
730 (defun vcursor-scroll-down (&optional n)
731 "Scroll down the vcursor window ARG lines or near full screen if none.
732 The vcursor will always appear in an unselected window."
734 (interactive "P")
735 (vcursor-window-funcall 'scroll-down n)
738 (defun vcursor-isearch-forward (&optional rep norecurs)
739 "Perform forward incremental search in the virtual cursor window.
740 The virtual cursor is moved to the resulting point; the ordinary
741 cursor stays where it was."
743 (interactive "P")
744 (vcursor-window-funcall 'isearch-forward rep norecurs)
747 (defun vcursor-isearch-backward (&optional rep norecurs)
748 "Perform backward incremental search in the virtual cursor window.
749 The virtual cursor is moved to the resulting point; the ordinary
750 cursor stays where it was."
752 (interactive "P")
753 (vcursor-window-funcall 'isearch-backward rep norecurs)
756 (defun vcursor-window-funcall (func &rest args)
757 "Call FUNC with ARGS ... in a virtual cursor window.
758 A window other than the currently-selected one will always be used.
759 The virtual cursor is moved to the value of point when the function
760 returns.
762 If FUNC is a list, call the car of the list interactively, ignoring
763 ARGS. In this case, a new window will not be created if the vcursor
764 is visible in the current one."
765 ;; that's to avoid messing up compatibility with old versions
766 ;; by introducing a new argument, which would have to come before ARGS.
768 (vcursor-find-window (not (and (listp func) (vcursor-check t))) t)
769 (save-excursion
770 (let ((sw (selected-window)) text)
771 ;; We can't use save-window-excursion because that would restore
772 ;; the original display in the window we may want to alter.
773 (unwind-protect
774 (let ((here (point)))
775 (select-window vcursor-window)
776 (vcursor-locate)
777 (if (listp func)
778 (call-interactively (car func))
779 (apply func args))
780 (setq vcursor-window (selected-window))
781 (and vcursor-copy-flag
782 (eq (current-buffer) (overlay-buffer vcursor-overlay))
783 (setq text (buffer-substring here (point))))
784 ;; vcursor-window and the current buffer are definitely
785 ;; right, so make sure vcursor-move doesn't pick others.
786 (vcursor-move (point) nil t))
787 (select-window sw))
788 (if text (vcursor-insert text))))
789 (setq vcursor-last-command t)
792 (defun vcursor-get-char-count (func &rest args)
793 "Apply FUNC to ARGS ... and return the number of characters moved.
794 Point is temporarily set to the virtual cursor position before FUNC
795 is called.
797 This is called by most of the virtual-cursor copying commands to find
798 out how much to copy."
800 (vcursor-check)
801 (with-current-buffer (overlay-buffer vcursor-overlay)
802 (let ((start (goto-char (overlay-start vcursor-overlay))))
803 (- (progn (apply func args) (point)) start)))
806 ;; Make sure the virtual cursor is active. Unless arg is non-nil,
807 ;; report an error if it is not.
808 (defun vcursor-check (&optional arg)
809 (cond
810 ((and (overlayp vcursor-overlay) (overlay-start vcursor-overlay))
812 (arg nil)
813 (t (error "The virtual cursor is not active now")))
816 (define-minor-mode vcursor-use-vcursor-map
817 "Toggle the state of the vcursor key map.
819 When on, the keys defined in it are mapped directly on top of the main
820 keymap, allowing you to move the vcursor with ordinary motion keys.
821 An indication \"!VC\" appears in the mode list. The effect is
822 local to the current buffer.
823 Disabling the vcursor automatically turns this off."
824 :keymap vcursor-map
825 :lighter " !VC")
827 (defun vcursor-disable (&optional arg)
828 "Disable the virtual cursor.
829 Next time you use it, it will start from point.
831 With a positive prefix ARG, the first window in cyclic order
832 displaying the virtual cursor (or which was recently displaying the
833 virtual cursor) will be deleted unless it's the selected window.
835 With a negative prefix argument, enable the virtual cursor: make it
836 active at the same point as the real cursor.
838 Copying mode is always turned off: the next use of the vcursor will
839 not copy text until you turn it on again."
841 (interactive "P")
842 (if (overlayp vcursor-overlay)
843 (progn
844 (delete-overlay vcursor-overlay)
845 (setq vcursor-overlay nil)))
846 (cond
847 ((not (vcursor-find-window t)))
848 ((or (not arg) (< (prefix-numeric-value arg) 0)))
849 ((delete-window vcursor-window)))
850 (cond
851 ((and arg (< (prefix-numeric-value arg) 0))
852 (vcursor-move (point))
853 (setq vcursor-window (selected-window)))
854 (vcursor-use-vcursor-map (vcursor-use-vcursor-map 0)))
855 (setq vcursor-copy-flag nil)
858 (defun vcursor-other-window (n &optional all-frames)
859 "Activate the virtual cursor in another window.
860 This is the next window cyclically after one currently showing the
861 virtual cursor, or else after the current selected window. If there
862 is no other window, the current window is split.
864 Arguments N and optional ALL-FRAMES are the same as with `other-window'.
865 ALL-FRAMES is also used to decide whether to split the window."
867 (interactive "p")
868 (if (if (fboundp 'oemacs-version)
869 (one-window-p nil)
870 (one-window-p nil all-frames))
871 (display-buffer (current-buffer) t))
872 (save-excursion
873 (save-window-excursion
874 ;; We don't use fancy vcursor-find-window trickery, since we're
875 ;; quite happy to have the vcursor cycle back into the current
876 ;; window.
877 (let ((win (vcursor-find-window nil nil (not all-frames))))
878 (if win (select-window win))
879 ;; else start from here
880 (other-window n all-frames)
881 (vcursor-disable -1))))
884 (declare-function compare-windows-skip-whitespace "compare-w" (start))
886 ;; vcursor-compare-windows is copied from compare-w.el with only
887 ;; minor modifications; these are too bound up with the function
888 ;; to make it really useful to call compare-windows itself.
889 (defun vcursor-compare-windows (&optional ignore-whitespace)
890 "Compare text in current window with text in window with vcursor.
891 Compares the text starting at point in the current window and at the
892 vcursor position in the other window, moving over text in each one as
893 far as they match.
895 A prefix argument, if any, means ignore changes in whitespace.
896 The variable `compare-windows-whitespace' controls how whitespace is skipped.
897 If `compare-ignore-case' is non-nil, changes in case are also ignored."
898 (interactive "P")
899 ;; (vcursor-window-funcall 'compare-windows arg)
900 (require 'compare-w)
901 (let* (p1 p2 maxp1 maxp2 b1 b2 w2
902 success
903 (opoint1 (point))
904 opoint2
905 (skip-whitespace (if ignore-whitespace
906 compare-windows-whitespace)))
907 (setq p1 (point) b1 (current-buffer))
908 (setq w2 (vcursor-find-window t t))
909 (if (or (eq w2 (selected-window)) (not w2))
910 (error "No other window with vcursor"))
911 (save-excursion
912 (vcursor-locate)
913 (setq p2 (point) b2 (current-buffer)))
914 (setq opoint2 p2)
915 (setq maxp1 (point-max))
916 (with-current-buffer b2
917 (setq maxp2 (point-max)))
919 (setq success t)
920 (while success
921 (setq success nil)
922 ;; if interrupted, show how far we've gotten
923 (goto-char p1)
924 (vcursor-move p2 t)
926 ;; If both buffers have whitespace next to point,
927 ;; optionally skip over it.
929 (and skip-whitespace
930 (save-excursion
931 (let (p1a p2a result1 result2)
932 (setq result1
933 (if (stringp skip-whitespace)
934 (compare-windows-skip-whitespace opoint1)
935 (funcall skip-whitespace opoint1)))
936 (setq p1a (point))
937 (set-buffer b2)
938 (goto-char p2)
939 (setq result2
940 (if (stringp skip-whitespace)
941 (compare-windows-skip-whitespace opoint2)
942 (funcall skip-whitespace opoint2)))
943 (setq p2a (point))
944 (if (or (stringp skip-whitespace)
945 (and result1 result2 (eq result1 result2)))
946 (setq p1 p1a
947 p2 p2a)))))
949 ;; Try advancing comparing 1000 chars at a time.
950 ;; When that fails, go 500 chars at a time, and so on.
951 (let ((size 1000)
952 success-1
953 (case-fold-search compare-ignore-case))
954 (while (> size 0)
955 (setq success-1 t)
956 ;; Try comparing SIZE chars at a time, repeatedly, till that fails.
957 (while success-1
958 (setq size (min size (- maxp1 p1) (- maxp2 p2)))
959 (setq success-1
960 (and (> size 0)
961 (= 0 (compare-buffer-substrings b2 p2 (+ size p2)
962 b1 p1 (+ size p1)))))
963 (if success-1
964 (setq p1 (+ p1 size) p2 (+ p2 size)
965 success t)))
966 ;; If SIZE chars don't match, try fewer.
967 (setq size (/ size 2)))))
969 (goto-char p1)
970 (vcursor-move p2 t)
971 (if (= (point) opoint1)
972 (ding)))
975 (defun vcursor-next-line (arg)
976 "Move the virtual cursor forward ARG lines."
977 ;; This is next-line rewritten for the vcursor. Maybe it would
978 ;; be easier simply to rewrite line-move.
979 (interactive "p")
980 (let (temporary-goal-column opoint text)
981 (save-excursion
982 (vcursor-locate)
983 (setq temporary-goal-column
984 (if (or (eq last-command 'vcursor-next-line)
985 (eq last-command 'vcursor-previous-line))
986 (progn
987 (setq last-command 'next-line) ; trick line-move
988 vcursor-temp-goal-column)
989 (if (and track-eol (eolp)
990 (or (not (bolp)) (eq last-command 'end-of-line)))
991 9999
992 (current-column)))
993 opoint (point))
994 (line-move arg)
995 (and (eq opoint (point-max)) (eq opoint (point))
996 (signal 'end-of-buffer nil))
997 (if vcursor-copy-flag (setq text (buffer-substring opoint (point))))
998 (vcursor-move (point))
999 (setq vcursor-temp-goal-column temporary-goal-column
1000 vcursor-last-command t))
1001 (if text (vcursor-insert text)))
1004 (defun vcursor-previous-line (arg)
1005 "Move the virtual cursor back ARG lines."
1006 (interactive "p")
1007 (vcursor-next-line (- arg))
1010 (defun vcursor-forward-char (arg)
1011 "Move the virtual cursor forward ARG characters."
1012 (interactive "p")
1013 (vcursor-relative-move 'forward-char arg)
1016 (defun vcursor-backward-char (arg)
1017 "Move the virtual cursor backward ARG characters."
1018 (interactive "p")
1019 (vcursor-relative-move 'backward-char arg)
1022 (defun vcursor-forward-word (arg)
1023 "Move the virtual cursor forward ARG words."
1024 (interactive "p")
1025 (vcursor-relative-move 'forward-word arg)
1028 (defun vcursor-backward-word (arg)
1029 "Move the virtual cursor backward ARG words."
1030 (interactive "p")
1031 (vcursor-relative-move 'backward-word arg)
1034 (defun vcursor-beginning-of-line (arg)
1035 "Move the virtual cursor to beginning of its current line.
1036 ARG is as for `beginning-of-line'."
1037 (interactive "P")
1038 (vcursor-relative-move 'beginning-of-line
1039 (if arg (prefix-numeric-value arg)))
1042 (defun vcursor-end-of-line (arg)
1043 "Move the virtual cursor to end of its current line.
1044 ARG is as for `end-of-line'."
1045 (interactive "P")
1046 (vcursor-relative-move 'end-of-line
1047 (if arg (prefix-numeric-value arg)))
1050 (defun vcursor-beginning-of-buffer (&optional arg)
1051 "Move the virtual cursor to the beginning of its buffer.
1052 ARG is as for `beginning-of-buffer'."
1053 (interactive "P")
1054 (vcursor-relative-move
1055 (lambda (arg)
1056 (goto-char (if arg (/ (* arg (- (point-max) (point-min))) 10)
1057 (point-min))))
1058 (if arg (prefix-numeric-value arg)))
1061 (defun vcursor-end-of-buffer (&optional arg)
1062 "Move the virtual cursor to the end of its buffer.
1063 ARG is as for `end-of-buffer'.
1065 Actually, the vcursor is moved to the second from last character or it
1066 would be invisible."
1067 (interactive "P")
1068 (vcursor-relative-move
1069 (lambda (arg)
1070 (goto-char (if arg (- (point-max)
1071 (/ (* arg (- (point-max) (point-min))) 10))
1072 (point-max))))
1073 (if arg (prefix-numeric-value arg)))
1076 (defun vcursor-execute-command (cmd)
1077 "Execute COMMAND for the virtual cursor.
1078 COMMAND is called interactively. Not all commands (in fact, only a
1079 small subset) are useful."
1080 (interactive "CCommand: ")
1081 (vcursor-window-funcall (list cmd))
1084 (defun vcursor-execute-key ()
1085 "Read a key sequence and execute the bound command for the virtual cursor.
1086 The key sequence is read at the vcursor location. The command found
1087 is called interactively, so prefix argument etc. are usable."
1088 (interactive)
1089 (let (cmd)
1090 (save-excursion
1091 ;; We'd like to avoid the display changing when we locate
1092 ;; to the vcursor position and read a key sequence.
1093 (vcursor-find-window (not (vcursor-check t)) t)
1094 (save-window-excursion
1095 (select-window vcursor-window)
1096 (vcursor-locate)
1097 (setq cmd (key-binding (read-key-sequence "Key sequence: ")))))
1098 (vcursor-window-funcall (list cmd)))
1101 (defun vcursor-copy (arg)
1102 "Copy ARG characters from the virtual cursor position to point."
1103 (interactive "p")
1104 (vcursor-check)
1105 (vcursor-insert
1106 (with-current-buffer (overlay-buffer vcursor-overlay)
1107 (let* ((ostart (overlay-start vcursor-overlay))
1108 (end (+ ostart arg)))
1109 (prog1
1110 (buffer-substring ostart end)
1111 (vcursor-move end)))))
1112 (setq vcursor-last-command t)
1115 (defun vcursor-copy-word (arg)
1116 "Copy ARG words from the virtual cursor position to point."
1117 (interactive "p")
1118 (vcursor-copy (vcursor-get-char-count 'forward-word arg))
1121 (defun vcursor-copy-line (arg)
1122 "Copy up to ARGth line after virtual cursor position.
1123 With no argument, copy to the end of the current line.
1125 Behavior with regard to newlines is similar (but not identical) to
1126 `kill-line'; the main difference is that whitespace at the end of the
1127 line is treated like ordinary characters."
1129 (interactive "P")
1130 (let* ((num (prefix-numeric-value arg))
1131 (count (vcursor-get-char-count 'end-of-line num)))
1132 (vcursor-copy (if (or (= count 0) arg) (1+ count) count)))
1135 (define-obsolete-function-alias
1136 'vcursor-toggle-vcursor-map 'vcursor-use-vcursor-map "23.1")
1138 (defun vcursor-post-command ()
1139 (and vcursor-auto-disable (not vcursor-last-command)
1140 vcursor-overlay
1141 (if (eq vcursor-auto-disable t)
1142 (vcursor-disable)
1143 (vcursor-toggle-copy -1 t)))
1144 (setq vcursor-last-command nil)
1147 (add-hook 'post-command-hook 'vcursor-post-command)
1149 (provide 'vcursor)
1151 ;;; vcursor.el ends here